One of the 17 regions (Spanish Cataluña, Catalan Catalunya) in the northeast of Spain with the four provinces Barcelona, Gerona, Lérida and Tarragona. It is located on the north-western edge of the Mediterranean Sea and covers 32,000 km². The area has an extremely eventful history: in the 6th century BC the Greeks came, then the Carthaginians and finally 200 BC the Romans. The wines from today's DO area Alella were already drunk by the Roman Caesars. The capital Barcelona was already in the antiquity an important trade port. In the 6th century A.D., the Alans and Visigoths arrived, from which the name is derived (Gotalonien = Gothenland). Then, in the 8th century, the Moors conquered the area. They were expelled by Emperor Charlemagne (742-814), who incorporated the area into his empire.
Towards the end of the 9th century, the Spanish mark of the Frankish Empire gained de facto independence under the Counts of Barcelona. In the 12th century, Aragon and Catalonia were united to an own kingdom Aragon (a region of this name adjoins to the west today). Eventually the independence was lost, and in 1479 the kingdom was merged with Castile (today's regions Castile-La Mancha and Castile-Léon) to form the Spanish Empire. But still up to the 20th century, Catalonia repeatedely tried unsuccessfully to enforce a special government. Catalonia is officially bilingual; Catalan is also spoken in the French Roussillon and in the Balearic Islands.
The triumphal procession of Cava began here in the 1870s, when Josép Raventós produced the first Spanish sparkling wine according to the Champagne method in Penedès and laid the foundation stone for the Codorníu winery. The Torres company, founded in 1870, set further standards. It was these two Bodegas in particular that established the modern viticulture of Spain. Until the 1950s, the traditional Catalan wines were the Rancios, the fortified sweet wines and of course the Cava. Catalonia also plays an important role in the production of corks. The climate is strongly influenced by the nearby Mediterranean Sea, the coastal strip is temperate with abundant rainfall, while inland it is hotter and drier.