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Regions

Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Description to Lower Austria/Niederösterreich

The federal state of Lower Austria with its capital St. Pölten is located in the east of Austria. With an area of around 19,200 km², it is the largest federal state. It surrounds the Austrian federal capital Wien, borders the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the north-east, Burgenland to the south-east, Styria to the south and Upper Austria to the west.

Even before the soldiers of Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282) brought wine presses to the Danube, the indigenous people pressed the so-called Marcomanni wine. Viticulture was strongly influenced by Wien, the monastery Klosterneuburg, as well as the Benedictine-founded monasteries of Göttweig in the Kremstal and Melk in the Wachau. These were centres of spiritual and cultural life and also strongholds of exemplary wine culture. The former dinstlgut in Loiben (Wachau), whose origins date back to the 9th century, also had a great influence. The noble Liechtenstein family was founded in the 13th century. They acquired large areas of vineyards and introduced progressive viticulture methods. In 1636, a cellar regulation was issued, in which, among other things, the "Zuberaithung von Schwebl" (sulphur) was precisely regulated. The winery Hofkellerei Stiftung Fürst Liechtenstein still exists today.

Wine-growing regions of Lower Austria

There are different climatic conditions (Atlantic, continental) and soil types (gravel, sand, loess, loam and primary rock). This also results in a great variety of wines. By far the largest winegrowing area, Weinviertel covers more than half of the vineyards and is therefore divided into three large areas: Falkenberg, Mailberg and Retz. Together with the two generic wine-growing areas of Burgenland and Wien, Lower Austria forms the wine-growing region Weinland, which serves as an indication of origin for country wines. The generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria is divided into eight specific wine-growing regions. For all quality wines, the generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria must appear on the label; for DAC wines, the DAC designation must also appear. The wine-growing areas with the vineyard areas 2015 (in brackets the values 2009):

Niederösterreich - Karte´mit den 9 Weinbaugebieten

Grape variety list

Lower Austria is a classic white wine state, accounting for about three quarters of the wine produced. The province supplies over 60% of Austria's wine production. In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 28,146 hectares. Compared to 2009 with 27,128 hectares, this was an increase of almost 4%. The share of white wine varieties is 75.3%, the share of red wine varieties 24.7%. The clearly dominant grape variety is Grüner Veltliner with almost half of the stock:

Grape variety - österr
Main name
officially permitted in Austria
Synonyms
Colour Hectare
2015
%-Ant
2015
Hectare
2009
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 12.920 45,9 11.873
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 3.521 12,5 3.328
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 1.730 6,1 1.538
Welschriesling white 1.312 4,7 1.346
Blauer Portugieser - red 1.246 4,4 1.593
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 1.231 4,4 1.392
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 842 3,0 867
Blauburger - red 604 2,1 701
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 604 2,1 460
Muscat Blanc Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 389 1,4 232
Mixed set white - white 366 1,3 593
Neuburg - white 352 1,3 424
Frühroter Veltliner Malvasia white 352 1,2 396
St. Laurent - red 342 1,2 348
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 293 1,0 271
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 289 1,0 205
Merlot - red 258 0,9 223
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 200 0,7 204
Roter Veltliner - white 193 0,7 192
Common set red - red 156 0,6 24
Blaufränkisch - red 149 0,5 149
Rotgipfler - white 118 0,4 104
Roesler - red 102 0,4 84
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 101 0,4 87
Muscat Ottonel - white 90 0,3 89
Zierfandler Late red white 77 0,3 84
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 48 0,2 40
Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 47 0,2 49
Syrah Shiraz red 36 0,1 24
Bouvier - white 30 0,1 26
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 27 0,1 28
Goldburger - white 20 0,1 24
Cabernet Franc - red 13 - 22
Rathay - red 12 - 9
Jubilee vine - white 2,5 - 4
Blue Wildbacher - red 1 - 1
Furmint - white 0,5 - -
other white varieties - white 67 0,2 87
and. red varieties - red 8,5 - 6
WHITE SORT 21.205 75,3 20.141
RED SORT 6.941 24,7 6.987
TOTAL 28.146 100 27.128

Producers

Well-known winegrowers' associations or cooperatives in Lower Austria are Falkensteiner Berggericht, Kamptal Klassik, Mailberg Valley, Premium-Weingüter Weinviertel, Thermenwinzer, Traditionsweingüter Österreich, Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus, Wagramer Selektion, Weingüter Retzer Land and Weingüter Wagram. The wineries are listed under each of the eight wine-growing regions.

Map: © ÖWM

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currently 144,756 Wines and 22,894 Producers, including 2,432 classified producers.
Rating system Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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