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Regions

Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Description to Lower Austria/Niederösterreich

The federal state of Lower Austria with the capital St. Pölten is located in the east of Austria. With an area of around 19,200 km² it is the largest federal state. It encloses the Austrian federal capital ViennaIt borders the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Burgenland to the southeast, Styria to the south and Upper Austria to the west.

Even before the soldiers of Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282) brought wine presses to the Danube, the indigenous people pressed the so-called Markomannen wine. Viticulture was strongly influenced by Vienna, the monastery of Klosterneuburg, and the monasteries of Göttweig in the Kremstal and Melk in the Wachau, which were founded by the Benedictines. These were centres of spiritual and cultural life and also strongholds of exemplary wine culture. The former Dinstlgut in Loiben (Wachau), whose origins date back to the 9th century, also had a great influence. The noble family of the Liechtenstein family was founded in the 13th century. They acquired large areas of vineyard and introduced advanced winegrowing methods. In 1636 a cellar regulation was issued, in which among other things the "Zuberaithung von Schwebl" (sulphur) was precisely regulated. The Hofkellerei Foundation Prince Liechtenstein Winery still exists today.

Winegrowing areas of Lower Austria

There are different climatic conditions (Atlantic, continental) and soil types (gravel, sand, loess, loam and primary rock). This also results in a great variety of wines. By far the largest wine-growing area, the Weinviertel, comprises more than half of the vineyards and is therefore divided into three large areas: Falkenberg, Mailberg and Retz. Together with the two generic wine growing areas Burgenland and Vienna lower Austria forms the wine growing region Weinland, which serves as an indication of origin for regional wines. The generic wine growing region of Lower Austria is divided into eight specific wine growing regions. For all quality wines, the label must show the generic wine growing region of Lower Austria; for DAC wines, the DAC designation must also appear on the label. The wine-growing regions with the 2015 vineyards (in brackets dié values 2009):

Niederösterreich - Karte´mit den 9 Weinbaugebieten

List of vine varieties

Lower Austria is a classic white wine region, accounting for around three quarters of the wine produced. The province supplies over 60% of the Austrian wine production. In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 28,146 hectares of vineyard area. Compared to 2009 with 27,128 hectares, this was an increase by almost 4%. The share of white wine varieties amounts to 75.3%, the share of red wine varieties to 24.7%. The clearly dominant grape variety is the Grüner Veltliner with almost half of the stock:

Grape variety - austrian
Main name
officially authorised in Austria
Synonyms
Colour Hectare
2015
%-Ant
2015
Hectare
2009
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 12.920 45,9 11.873
Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 3.521 12,5 3.328
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 1.730 6,1 1.538
Welschriesling white 1.312 4,7 1.346
Blue Portuguese - red 1.246 4,4 1.593
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 1.231 4,4 1.392
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Clever white 842 3,0 867
Blueberry - red 604 2,1 701
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 604 2,1 460
Muscatel Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 389 1,4 232
Gem. set white - white 366 1,3 593
Neuburger - white 352 1,3 424
Early Red Veltliner Malmsey white 352 1,2 396
Saint Laurent - red 342 1,2 348
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 293 1,0 271
Blanc sauvignon Nutmeg Sylvaner white 289 1,0 205
Merlot - red 258 0,9 223
Cabernet sauvignon - red 200 0,7 204
Red Veltliner - white 193 0,7 192
Gem. set red - red 156 0,6 24
Blaufränkisch - red 149 0,5 149
Rotgipfler - white 118 0,4 104
Roesler - red 102 0,4 84
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 101 0,4 87
Nutmeg Ottonel - white 90 0,3 89
Decorative Fandler Late Red white 77 0,3 84
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 48 0,2 40
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 47 0,2 49
Syrah Shiraz red 36 0,1 24
Bouvier - white 30 0,1 26
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 27 0,1 28
Goldburger - white 20 0,1 24
Cabernet franc - red 13 - 22
Rathay - red 12 - 9
Anniversary vine - white 2,5 - 4
Blue Torrent - red 1 - 1
Furmint - white 0,5 - -
and. white varieties - white 67 0,2 87
and. red varieties - red 8,5 - 6
WHITE TYPES 21.205 75,3 20.141
RED VARIETIES 6.941 24,7 6.987
TOTAL 28.146 100 27.128

Producers

Well-known winegrowers' associations or winegrowers' cooperatives in Lower Austria are Falkensteiner Berggericht, Kamptal Klassik, Mailberg Valley, premium wineries Weinviertel, thermal wineries, traditional wineries Austria, Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus, Wagramer Selektion, Weingüter Retzer Land and Weingüter Wagram. The wineries are listed under each of the eight wine growing regions.

Map: © ÖWM

In this section you will find
currently 141,002 Wines and 22,913 Producers, including 2,211 classified producers.
Rating system Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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