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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

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Kremstal DAC

Description to Kremstal DAC

One of the eight specific wine growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine growing area of Lower Austria. It lies to the east of the Wachau. The Kremstal, named after the river, stretches north and south of the Danube and includes the city of Krems, the more eastern areas and the small wine communities south of the Danube. It is a very old wine-growing area, already from the year 973 vineyards of the diocese Passau are attested for the Kremstal. After the devastation of the migration of peoples, bishops from Salzburg and Bavaria had vineyards cultivated here from the 10th century onwards. More than 40 monasteries around the city of Krems were granted vineyards as a foundation until the 16th century.

Rieden Gottschelle und Oberfeld - Stift Göttweig

The French Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) visited Göttweig Abbey in 1805 before the occupation of Vienna and was enthusiastic about the area and the wine. The Austrian composer and avowed wine lover Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) is said to have found inspiration for his "Mariazell Mass" in the same monastery. Strongly connected with the area is the 1000 year history of the Moser winegrowing dynasty. The Austrian winegrowing pioneer Laurenz III. (1905-1978) from the community of Rohrendorf near Krems introduced the form of education he had created, high culture, into his vineyards from 1929 onwards, which soon became a standard.

Kremstal - Karte mit Rebflächen

The soil type is dominated by primary rock and loess. The relatively cool and humid Atlantic climate is positively influenced by the Pannonian climate. Especially the deeply incised Danube valley is climatically favoured. In the larger northern part of the Waldviertel is the wine-growing centre of Krems with the district of Stein with the vineyards Frechau, Goldberg, Danzern, Grillenparz, Hund, Kögl, Marthal, Pfaffenberg, Sandgrube, Schreck and Wieden. Other communities are Gedersdorf (Geppling, Moosburgerin, Reisenthal, Spiegel, Steindl, Tiefenthal, Weitgasse, Wieland, Zehetnerin), Rohrendorf(Gebling, Breiter Rain, Paschingerin, Schnabel, Steinwandl, Wolfsgraben) and Senftenberg (Ehrenfels, Hochäcker, Pellinger, Pfenningberg, Rammeln).

In the southern area above the Danube on the right bank is the world-famous Benedictine monastery of Göttweig, founded in 1072. The winegrowing communities here are Brunnkirchen and Thallern (Brunnfeld, Frauengrund, Herrentrost, Maring, Satzen, Schwerer Zapfen, Steinhagen), Eggendorf, Furth-Palt, Krustetten, Höbenbach, Hollenburg, Meidling, Oberfucha, Tiefenfucha, Paudorf and Steinaweg (Brunngraben, Eichbühel, Gottschelle, Hahn, Höhlgraben, Oberfeld, Point, Schrötten, Steinbühel, Obere und Untere Zistel, Wolfsberg).

List of vine varieties

In 2015 the vineyards covered a total of 2,369 hectares of vines. Compared to 2009 with 2,243 hectares, this was an increase of 6%. The share of red wine varieties is 17.9% and the share of white wine varieties 82.1%. Grüner Veltliner dominates with over half of the stock, followed by Zweigelt and Riesling.

Grape variety - austrian
Main name
officially authorised in Austria
Colour Hectare
Green Veltliner Weißgipfler white 1.303 55 1.153
Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 305 12,9 293
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 249 10,5 230
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 125 5,3 146
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 45 1,9 41
Muscatel Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 43 1,8 28
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Clever white 42 1,7 43,5
Neuburger - white 30 1,3 43
Early Red Veltliner Malmsey white 25 1,0 27
Blanc sauvignon Nutmeg Sylvaner white 24 1,0 19,5
Blue Portuguese - red 22 0,9 36
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 22 0,9 22,5
Blauburger - red 19 0,8 25
Saint Laurent - red 15,2 0,6 17,5
Merlot - red 14,4 0,6 16
Red Veltliner - white 13,5 0,6 14
Gem. set white - white 12,8 0,5 18,5
Cabernet sauvignon - red 11,4 0,5 20,5
Nutmeg Ottonel - white 9,1 0,4 8
- white 8,4 0,4 10,5
Roesler - red 6,4 0,3 6,5
Gem. set red - red 5,3 0,2 2
Bouvier - white 5,3 0,2 0,9
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 5,2 0,2 4,3
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 1,4 0,1 0,3
Cabernet franc - red 1,3 0,1 8,5
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 1,3 0,1 1,6
- red 1,0 - 1,2
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 0,9 - 1,7
Goldburger - white 0,7 - 1,2
Syrah Shiraz red 0,6 - 0,6
Decorative Fandler Late Red white 0,1 - 0,2
Rathay - red 0,1 - 0,1
Rotgipfler - white 0,1 - 0,1
Blue Torrent - red 0,1 - -
and. white varieties - white 3,2 0,1 1,9
and. red varieties - red 0,7 - 0,8
WHITE TYPES 1.946 82,1 1.793
RED VARIETIES 423 17,9 450
TOTAL 2.369 100 2.243

DAC system

From the 2007 vintage onwards, the origin-controlled quality grade Kremstal DAC was introduced. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Lower Austria, the regional wines under the Weinland designation. Besides the generally valid DAC conditions, special rules apply.

The quality wine grape varieties Grüner Veltliner and Riesling are permitted. The wines must be dry. From the 2016 vintage onwards, a three-stage system has been introduced to emphasise the origin more strongly. There are lower limits for the alcohol content, but compared to before, there are no longer upper limits. The date for the application to obtain the state examination number is staggered. If the decision is positive (usually within one week), marketing may take place:

  • Kremstal DAC, at 12% vol; 1 January
  • Kremstal DAC with indication of place; as of. 12% vol; 1 January
  • Kremstal DAC with indication of place and vineyard (indication "Ried" and name of vineyard); zum. 12,5% vol; 1 January
  • Kremstal DAC Reserve; as at 13% vol; 1 July

The wines must have a characteristic taste. For Grüner Veltliner: fruity, fine spiciness, no botrytis note, no noticeable wood tone(toast aroma), balanced, not alcohol-heavy. For Riesling: fragrant, aromatic, elegant, mineral, no dominance of botrytis, no woody note, balanced, not heavy on alcohol. For Reserve: strong style, distinct regional and varietal aromas, dense and long finish, a delicate botrytis and wood tone is permissible.


Well known wineries are Aigner Wolfgang, Berger Erich, Bründlmayer Josef & Philipp, Buchegger Walter, Dockner Josef, Eder Martin, Edlinger Josef, Felsner Manfred, Forstreiter Meinhard, Geyerhof, Graf-Faltl, Hagen Anton, Hoch Harald, Laurenz V. Lenz Moser AG, Malat Michael, Mantlerhof, Nigl Martin, Moser Hermann, Moser Sepp, Müller Leopold and Stefan, Müller-Grossmann, Müllner Johann, Parzer Christian, Proidl Franz, Salomon Undhof, Schmid Josef, Stagård, Thiery-Weber, Türk Franz, Unger Petra, Vorspannhof Mayr, Walzer Martin, Weingut Stadt Krems, Weingut Stift Göttweig, Winzer Krems, Zeileis Wolfgang, Zöhrer Anton, Zimmermann Alois. A well-known winegrowers' association is Traditionsweingüter Österreich.

Picture: © Robert Herbst, pov.at - Kremstal
Map: © ÖWM