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Description to Kremstal DAC
One of the eight specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. It lies to the east adjacent to the Wachau. Named after the river, the Krems Valley stretches north and south of the Danube and includes the city of Krems, the areas further east and the small wine communities south of the Danube. It is a very old wine-growing region, already from the year 973 vineyards of the diocese Passau are attested for the Kremstal. After the devastation of the migration of peoples, bishops from Salzburg and Bavaria had vineyards cultivated here from the 10th century onwards. More than 40 monasteries around the city of Krems were granted vineyards as a foundation until the 16th century.
The French Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) visited Göttweig Abbey in 1805 before the occupation of Vienna and was enthusiastic about the area and the wine. The Austrian composer and self-confessed wine lover Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) is said to have drawn inspiration for his "Mariazell Mass" at the same monastery. Strongly connected to the area is the 1000-year history of the Moser winemaking dynasty. The Austrian winegrowing pioneer Laurenz Moser III. (1905-1978) from the municipality of Rohrendorf near Krems introduced the high culture he had created in his vineyards in 1929 trainingHigh culture in his vineyards, which soon became a standard.
The predominant soil types are primary rock and loess. The relatively cool and humid Atlantic climate is positively influenced by the Pannonian climate. Especially the deeply cut Danube valley is climatically favoured. In the larger northern part, which belongs to the Waldviertel, lies the wine-growing centre Krems with the district Stein with the vineyards Frechau, Goldberg, Danzern, Grillenparz, Hund, Kögl, Marthal, Pfaffenberg, Sandgrube, Schreck and Wieden. Further communities are Gedersdorf (Geppling, Moosburgerin, Reisenthal, Spiegel, Steindl, Tiefenthal, Weitgasse, Wieland, Zehetnerin), Rohrendorf (Gebling, Breiter Rain, Paschingerin, Schnabel, Steinwandl, Wolfsgraben) and Senftenberg (Ehrenfels, Hochäcker, Pellinger, Pfenningberg, Rammeln).
In the southern area above the Danube on the right bank lies the world-famous Benedictine Abbey of Göttweig, founded in 1072. The wine-growing communities located here are Brunnkirchen and Thallern (Brunnfeld, Frauengrund, Herrentrost, Maring, Satzen, Schwerer Zapfen, Steinhagen), Eggendorf, Furth-Palt, Krustetten, Höbenbach, Hollenburg, Meidling, Oberfucha, Tiefenfucha, Paudorf and Steinaweg (Brunngraben, Eichbühel, Gottschelle, Hahn, Höhlgraben, Oberfeld, Point, Schrötten, Steinbühel, Obere und Untere Zistel, Wolfsberg).
Grape variety list
In 2015, vineyards covered a total of 2,369 hectares of vines. Compared to 2009 with 2,243 hectares, this was an increase of 6%. The share of red wine varieties is 17.9% the share of white wine varieties is 82.1%. Grüner Veltliner dominates with more than half of the stock, followed by Zweigelt and Riesling.
Starting with the 2007 vintage, the origin-controlled quality level Kremstal DAC was introduced. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Lower Austria, the country wines under the winegrowing region designation Weinland. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions, special rules apply.
The quality wine grape varietiesGrüner Veltliner and Riesling are permitted. The wines have to be vinified dry. Starting with the 2016 vintage, a three-tier system was introduced in order to emphasize the origin more. There are lower limits for the alcohol content, but compared to before, there are no upper limits anymore. The date for the application to obtain the State Assay Number is staggered. If the decision is positive (usually within one week), the wine may be marketed:
Kremstal DAC, to. 12% vol; 1 January
Kremstal DAC with indication of place; at. 12% vol; 1 January
Kremstal DAC with indication of place and vineyard (indication "Ried" and vineyard name); at. 12,5% vol; 1st January