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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Unfortunately there is no information about Kremstal DAC available.
Kremstal DAC

Description to Kremstal DAC

One of the eight specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. It lies to the east adjacent to the Wachau. Named after the river, the Krems Valley stretches north and south of the Danube and includes the city of Krems, the areas further east and the small wine communities south of the Danube. It is a very old wine-growing region; vineyards of the diocese of Passau are attested for the Kremstal as early as 973. After the devastation of the migration of peoples, bishops from Salzburg and Bavaria had vineyards cultivated here from the 10th century onwards. More than 40 monasteries around the city of Krems were granted vineyards as a foundation until the 16th century.

Rieden Gottschelle und Oberfeld - Stift Göttweig

The French Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) visited Göttweig Abbey in 1805 before the occupation of Vienna and was enthusiastic about the area and the wine. The Austrian composer and self-confessed wine lover Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) is said to have drawn the inspiration for his "Mariazell Mass" at the same monastery. Strongly connected to the area is the 1000-year history of the Moser winegrowing dynasty. The Austrian winegrowing pioneer Laurenz Moser III. (1905-1978) from the village of Rohrendorf near Krems introduced the vine training high culture he created in his vineyards from 1929 onwards, which soon became a standard.

Kremstal - Karte mit Rebflächen

The predominant soil types are primary rock and loess. The relatively cool and humid Atlantic climate is positively influenced by the Pannonian climate. The deeply cut Danube valley in particular is climatically favoured. In the larger northern part, which belongs to the Waldviertel, lies the wine-growing centre of Krems with the district of Stein with the vineyards Frechau, Goldberg, Danzern, Grillenparz, Hund, Kögl, Marthal, Pfaffenberg, Sandgrube, Schreck and Wieden. Other communities are Gedersdorf (Geppling, Moosburgerin, Reisenthal, Spiegel, Steindl, Tiefenthal, Weitgasse, Wieland, Zehetnerin), Rohrendorf (Gebling, Breiter Rain, Paschingerin, Schnabel, Steinwandl, Wolfsgraben) and Senftenberg (Ehrenfels, Hochäcker, Pellinger, Pfenningberg, Rammeln).

In the southern area above the Danube on the right bank lies the world-famous Benedictine Abbey of Göttweig, founded in 1072. The wine-growing communities located here are Brunnkirchen and Thallern (Brunnfeld, Frauengrund, Herrentrost, Maring, Satzen, Schwerer Zapfen, Steinhagen), Eggendorf, Furth-Palt, Krustetten, Höbenbach, Hollenburg, Meidling, Oberfucha, Tiefenfucha, Paudorf and Steinaweg (Brunngraben, Eichbühel, Gottschelle, Hahn, Höhlgraben, Oberfeld, Point, Schrötten, Steinbühel, Obere und Untere Zistel, Wolfsberg).

Grape variety list

In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 2,369 hectares of vines. Compared to 2009 with 2,243 hectares, this was an increase of 6%. The share of red wine varieties is 17.9%, the share of white wine varieties 82.1%. More than half of the vineyards are dominated by Grüner Veltliner, followed by Zweigelt and Riesling.

Grape variety - Austrian
Main name
officially permitted in Austria
Synonyms
Colour Hectare
2015
%-Ant
2015
Hectare
2009
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 1.303 55 1.153
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 305 12,9 293
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 249 10,5 230
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 125 5,3 146
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 45 1,9 41
Muscat Blanc Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 43 1,8 28
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 42 1,7 43,5
Neuburger - white 30 1,3 43
Frühroter Veltliner Malvasia white 25 1,0 27
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 24 1,0 19,5
Blauer Portugieser - red 22 0,9 36
Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 22 0,9 22,5
Blauburger - red 19 0,8 25
St. Laurent - red 15,2 0,6 17,5
Merlot - red 14,4 0,6 16
Roter Veltliner - white 13,5 0,6 14
Common set white - white 12,8 0,5 18,5
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 11,4 0,5 20,5
Muscat Ottonel - white 9,1 0,4 8
Welschriesling - white 8,4 0,4 10,5
Roesler - red 6,4 0,3 6,5
Common set red - red 5,3 0,2 2
Bouvier - white 5,3 0,2 0,9
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 5,2 0,2 4,3
Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 1,4 0,1 0,3
Cabernet Franc - red 1,3 0,1 8,5
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 1,3 0,1 1,6
Blaufränkisch - red 1,0 - 1,2
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 0,9 - 1,7
Goldburger - white 0,7 - 1,2
Syrah Shiraz red 0,6 - 0,6
Zierfandler Late red white 0,1 - 0,2
Rathay - red 0,1 - 0,1
Rotgipfler - white 0,1 - 0,1
Blue Wildbacher - red 0,1 - -
other. white varieties - white 3,2 0,1 1,9
and. red varieties - red 0,7 - 0,8
WHITE SORT 1.946 82,1 1.793
RED SORT 423 17,9 450
TOTAL 2.369 100 2.243

DAC system

Starting with the 2007 vintage, the origin-controlled quality level Kremstal DAC was introduced. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Lower Austria, the Land wines under the winegrowing region designation Weinland. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions, special rules apply.

The quality wine grape varieties Grüner Veltliner and Riesling are permitted. The wines must be vinified dry. Starting with the 2016 vintage, a three-tier system was introduced to emphasise the origin more strongly. There are lower limits for alcohol content, but no upper limits compared to before. The date for the application to obtain the State Assay Number is staggered. If the decision is positive (usually within one week), the wine may be marketed:

  • Kremstal DAC, to. 12% vol; 1 January
  • Kremstal DAC with indication of place; at. 12% vol; 1 January
  • Kremstal DAC with indication of place and vineyard (indication of "Ried" and vineyard name); at. 12,5% vol; 1st January
  • Kremstal DAC Reserve; at. 13% vol; 1 July

The wines must have a characteristic typicity in terms of taste. For Grüner Veltliner: fruity, fine spiciness, no botrytis note, no noticeable wood tone (toast aroma), balanced, not alcohol-heavy. For Riesling: fragrant, aromatic, elegant, mineral, no botrytis dominance, no wood note, balanced, not alcohol-heavy. For Reserve: strong style, distinct area and variety aromas, dense and long finish, a delicate botrytis and wood tone is permissible.

Producers

Well-known wineries are Aigner Wolfgang, Berger Erich, Bründlmayer Josef & Philipp, Buchegger Walter, Dockner Josef, Eder Martin, Edlinger Josef, Felsner Manfred, Forstreiter Meinhard, Geyerhof, Graf-Faltl, Hagen Anton, Hoch Harald, Laurenz V., Lenz Moser AG, Malat Michael, Mantlerhof, Nigl Martin, Moser Hermann, Moser Sepp, Müller Leopold and Stefan, Müller-Grossmann, Müllner Johann, Parzer Christian, Proidl Franz, Salomon Undhof, Schmid Josef, Stagård, Thiery-Weber, Türk Franz, Unger Petra, Vorspannhof Mayr, Walzer Martin, Weingut Stadt Krems, Weingut Stift Göttweig, Winzer Krems, Zeileis Wolfgang, Zöhrer Anton, Zimmermann Alois. A well-known winegrowers' association is Traditionsweingüter Österreich.

Picture: © Robert Herbst, pov.at - Kremstal
Map: © ÖWM

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