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Description to Kremstal DAC
One of the eight specific wine growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine growing area of Lower Austria. It lies to the east of the Wachau. The Kremstal, named after the river, stretches north and south of the Danube and includes the city of Krems, the more eastern areas and the small wine communities south of the Danube. It is a very old wine-growing area, already from the year 973 vineyards of the diocese Passau are attested for the Kremstal. After the devastation of the migration of peoples, bishops from Salzburg and Bavaria had vineyards cultivated here from the 10th century onwards. More than 40 monasteries around the city of Krems were granted vineyards as a foundation until the 16th century.
The French Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) visited Göttweig Abbey in 1805 before the occupation of Vienna and was enthusiastic about the area and the wine. The Austrian composer and avowed wine lover Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) is said to have found inspiration for his "Mariazell Mass" in the same monastery. Strongly connected with the area is the 1000 year history of the Moser winegrowing dynasty. The Austrian winegrowing pioneer Laurenz III. (1905-1978) from the community of Rohrendorf near Krems introduced the form of education he had created, high culture, into his vineyards from 1929 onwards, which soon became a standard.
The soil type is dominated by primary rock and loess. The relatively cool and humid Atlantic climate is positively influenced by the Pannonian climate. Especially the deeply incised Danube valley is climatically favoured. In the larger northern part of the Waldviertel is the wine-growing centre of Krems with the district of Stein with the vineyards Frechau, Goldberg, Danzern, Grillenparz, Hund, Kögl, Marthal, Pfaffenberg, Sandgrube, Schreck and Wieden. Other communities are Gedersdorf (Geppling, Moosburgerin, Reisenthal, Spiegel, Steindl, Tiefenthal, Weitgasse, Wieland, Zehetnerin), Rohrendorf(Gebling, Breiter Rain, Paschingerin, Schnabel, Steinwandl, Wolfsgraben) and Senftenberg (Ehrenfels, Hochäcker, Pellinger, Pfenningberg, Rammeln).
In the southern area above the Danube on the right bank is the world-famous Benedictine monastery of Göttweig, founded in 1072. The winegrowing communities here are Brunnkirchen and Thallern (Brunnfeld, Frauengrund, Herrentrost, Maring, Satzen, Schwerer Zapfen, Steinhagen), Eggendorf, Furth-Palt, Krustetten, Höbenbach, Hollenburg, Meidling, Oberfucha, Tiefenfucha, Paudorf and Steinaweg (Brunngraben, Eichbühel, Gottschelle, Hahn, Höhlgraben, Oberfeld, Point, Schrötten, Steinbühel, Obere und Untere Zistel, Wolfsberg).
List of vine varieties
In 2015 the vineyards covered a total of 2,369 hectares of vines. Compared to 2009 with 2,243 hectares, this was an increase of 6%. The share of red wine varieties is 17.9% and the share of white wine varieties 82.1%. Grüner Veltliner dominates with over half of the stock, followed by Zweigelt and Riesling.
From the 2007 vintage onwards, the origin-controlled quality grade Kremstal DAC was introduced. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Lower Austria, the regional wines under the Weinland designation. Besides the generally valid DAC conditions, special rules apply.