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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Unfortunately there is no information about D.O. Penedès available.
D.O. Penedès

Description to D.O. Penedès

DO area on the Mediterranean coast in the region of Catalonia in the northeast of Spain. It is divided into three zones ascending from the coast. The warmest zone is Bajo-Penedès (also Baix-Penedès) in the low-lying coastal region with up to 250 meters above sea level. The second zone Mitja-Penedès (also Medio-Penedès) with up to 500 meters above sea level is located west of Barcelona and is the most important zone for sparkling wines and excellent white wines. The third zone Alta-Penedès (also Alt-Penedès) is the highest zone with up to 850 meters above sea level. Before the phylloxera catastrophe, which began in 1876, more than 80% of Penedès's vineyards were planted with red grape varieties, most of which were used to produce mass wines. From the beginning of the 1960s the rise began, the area is considered the cradle of modern, Spanish viticulture. Penedès is the home of the Spanish sparkling wine Cava, which accounts for about two thirds of the total Spanish production. However, the DO designation Penedès only applies to still wines. The picture shows a vineyard with Ull de Llebre = Tempranillo:

Peneès - Rebflächen mit Tempranillo

The climate is Mediterranean, humid with hot summers and cold winters. The average annual rainfall is between 500 and 900 mm. The vineyards cover 27,500 hectares of vineyards on sandy soils at sea level, with alluvial deposits in the river valleys and chalky limestone in the mountains. Well over a hundred mostly autochthonous grape varieties are cultivated, but only 15 of these are permitted for DO wines. Around 60% are white wine varieties, the most important ones being Macabeo, Xarello, Parellada, Chardonnay, Riesling, Gewürztraminer, Chenin Blanc, Moscatel de Alejandría(Muscat d'Alexandrie) and Sauvignon Blanc. The main red wine varieties are Garnacha Tinta, Cariñena(Mazuelo), Merlot, Monastrell, Ull de Llebre(Tempranillo), Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah. Well known producers are Albet i Noya, Canals Nadal, Cavas Hill, Juvé y Camps, Codorníu, Ferret, Freixenet, Heretat Mas Tinell, Jané Ventura, Jean León, Marqués de Monistrol, Mas Comtal, Masía Bach, Torrelavit, Torres, Pere Ventura, Pinord, Puig y Roca, Vallformosa and Winner Wines.

Picture: By Mick Stephenson - own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

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