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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Unfortunately there is no information about Leithaberg DAC available.
Leithaberg DAC

Description to Leithaberg DAC

One of the five specific wine growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine growing area Burgenland. In 2016 a restructuring with changes in the designations as well as the area boundaries took place. Leithaberg comprises parts of the wine-growing areas Neusiedlersee-Hügelland (the name no longer exists) and Neusiedlersee. These are the Free City of Eisenstadt, the political district Eisenstadt-Umgebung with the municipalities Breitenbrunn, Donnerskirchen, Großhöflein, Hornstein, Loretto, Mörbisch, Oggau, Oslip, Purbach, St. Margarethen, Schützen am Gebirge, Siegendorf, St. Georgen, St. Margarethen, Wulkaprodersdorf and Zagersdorf, as well as the municipalities Jois and Winden (both previously Neusiedlersee). At its own request, the municipality of Rust is not included (no longer belongs to any area). In addition, some of the vineyards in Leithaberg have been assigned to the municipality of Neusiedl am See, while the rest of the Neusiedler Rieden belong to the Neusiedlersee wine-growing region.

Leithaberg - Donnerskirchhen mit Riede Reifring

Near Zagersdorf one discovered Celtic tumuli from the 7th century B.C. with grape seed remains. That is why the village is one of the oldest Austrian wine-growing communities besides Stillfried in the Weinviertel. A few centuries later Roman settlers planted vines and initiated viticulture. Burgenland was strongly affected by the Turkish invasions in the 16th and 17th centuries. From the time of the first Turkish siege of Vienna in 1529 also comes the well-known legend of the "Purbach Turks", who slept through the march of their troops due to excessive wine consumption. When he awoke, he climbed up a chimney and got stuck at the end. They let him live, he later married a Purbach woman and even became a winegrower.

Leithaberg - Karte mit Rebflächen

One of the oldest documented mentions of a Trockenbeerenauslese, the so-called Luther wine, dates back to the parish of Donnerskirchen in 1526. And in Mörbisch the "Opera Ball Wine" was created for the famous ball in the Vienna State Opera. Well-known vineyards are Altenberg, Bandkräftn, Gmärk, Goldberg, Greiner, Mariental, Steinmühle and Tatschler. The Pannonian climate is characterized by mild springs, dry summers and mostly beautiful autumns. The area stretches along the border to Hungary along Lake Neusiedl, which regulates the climate and acts as a heat reservoir. The landscape is therefore also characterised by reed and water. The Leithagebirge as the last foothill of the Alps in the north forms a protective barrier against cold winds. The soils at about 400 metres above sea level consist of shell limestone and slate with a higher clay content at the foot of the slopes.

List of vine varieties

In 2017 the vineyards covered a total of 3,097 hectares of vines. The former Neusiedlersee Hügelland wine-growing region was considerably larger in 2009 with 3,576 hectares, but this is not comparable due to changed boundaries. The share of white wine varieties is 54.7%, the share of red wine varieties 55.3%.

Grape variety - austrian
Main name
officially permitted in Austria
Synonyms
Colour Hectare
2017
%-Ant
2017
Hectare
2009
Blaufränkisch - red 637 20,6 879
Green Veltliner Weißgipfler white 520 16,8 560
Welschriesling - white 353 11,4 385
Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 348 11,2 369
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Bgld white 161 5,2 144
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Clever white 142 4,6 166
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 97 3,1 127
Cabernet sauvignon - red 88 2,8 102
Merlot - red 86 2,8 83
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 82 2,6 105
Blanc sauvignon Nutmeg Sylvaner white 80 2,6 67,5
Nutmeg Ottonel - white 65 2,1 74
Neuburger - white 60 1,9 78
Saint Laurent - red 57 1,8 49
Gem. set white - white 49 1,6 66
Muscatel Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 34,3 1,1 26
Blauburger - red 32 1,0 42
Syrah Shiraz red 30,4 1,0 25
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 29,5 1,0 37
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 25,3 0,8 38,5
Goldburger - white 22,6 0,7 29
Bouvier - white 17,5 0,6 20
Cabernet Franc - red 15,7 0,5 9,2
Roesler - red 15,5 0,5 11
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 12,0 0,4 15
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 8,1 0,3 13
Blue Portuguese - red 7,2 0,2 15
Early Red Veltliner Malmsey white 5,4 0,2 7,5
Rathay - red 2,3 ,01 -
Anniversary vine - white 0,8 - 2
Furmint - white 0,6 - 6
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 0,6 - 0,7
Red Veltliner - white 0,3 - 0,3
Rotgipfler - white 0,2 - 0,1
and. white varieties - white 11,2 0,4 14,5
and. red varieties - red 4,9 0,2 0,1
WHITE TYPES 1,693 54,7 1.875
RED VARIETIES 1.404 45,3 1.701
TOTAL 3.097 100 3.576

DAC system

From the 2008 vintage (red wines) and 2009 (white wines), the origin-controlled quality level Leithaberg DAC was introduced. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Burgenland, the regional wines under the Weinland wine-growing region designation. The Leithaberg Association is responsible for the administration and production of the level wines for quality assurance. There are red and white wines. The red wine must come from Blaufränkisch pressed, with a maximum total of 15% blending with the Pinot Noir, St. Laurent and Zweigelt varieties. It is matured in wooden barrels with a subtle wood note(toast aroma). They may be marketed at the earliest on 1 September of the year following the second year of harvest.

For the white wines, the varieties Chardonnay, Grüner Veltliner, Neuburger and Pinot Blanc can be used pure or in any cuvée. They are mainly matured dry in wooden barrels (regardless of size) and should have longevity and development potential. The alcohol content must be at least 12.5 to maximum 13.5% vol. The taste should have local typicity with the attributes spicy, elegant and mineral. A superficial primary fruit and a noticeable wood tone(toast aroma) are not desired. The wines may be marketed at the earliest on 1 September of the year following the harvest.

Producers

Well known producers are Bach King, Bayer Josef, Bichler Hans, Braunstein Birgit, Elfenhof, Esterházy, Feiler-Artinger, Fink Hermann, Giefing Erich, Gmeiner Bert, Grenzhof-Fiedler, Hammer Markus, Hartl Toni, Höpler Christof, Humer Gert, Kaiser Rudolf, Kloster am Spitz, Klosterkeller Siegendorf, Kollwentz, Kraft Harald, Kugler Josef, Leberl Alexander, Liegenfeld, MAD Haus Marienberg, Mariell, Moser Hans, Nehrer Johann, Piribauer, Pretterebner Rolf, Prieler Georg, Rainprecht Christian, Rebhof Sommer, Schandl Peter, Scheiblhofer, Schindler Franz, Schindler Harald, Schönberger, Schröck Heidi, Schuster Rosi, Seiler Georg, Sommer Franz, Sommer Leopold, Tinhof Erwin, Triebaumer Ernst, Triebaumer Günter, Weinmanufaktur Follner and Wenzel Robert

Donnerskirchen: © ÖWM - Marcus Wiesner
Map: © ÖWM

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