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Traisental

Description to Traisental

One of the eight specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. Incidentally, it is the only wine-growing region in the Mostviertel. It lies to the west of Vienna, borders the Danube to the north and is bordered to the south by the Lower Austrian capital St. Pölten. The current extent was created in 1995 by separating it from the wine-growing region of Donauland (now Wagram). The name was given by the 80 km long Traisen tributary, which flows through it from Herzogenburg in the south to Traismauer in the north and then flows into the Danube at Krems.

Traisental - Ahrenberg-Eichberg mit Schloss Sitzenberg-Reidling

History

The Traisen Valley is an ancient wine-growing region. A grape seed find from the Bronze Age 2,000 B. C. and a Celtic bronze bucket from 450 B.C. with drinking scenes at a festival show it to be one of the oldest wine-growing areas in Austria. The town of Traismauer was an old Roman town; the Limes, the wall against the Germanic tribes invading from the north, ran through here. According to legend, the Nibelungs were served wine in Traismauer on their way to King Etzel. In 1673, at a wine tasting, Inzersdorf wines were rated higher than those from the Wachau.

Climate & Soils

The predominant soil type consists of dry, sandy and gravelly-loamy layers. The climate is subject to Pannonian and continental influence, the Danube has a thermoregulating effect. The largest wine-growing community is Traismauer with about 200 hectares of vineyards. In Inzersdorf, monasteries such as Passau and Salzburg already owned vineyards around 1000. Other communities are Ambach, Angern, Atzenbrugg, Getzersdorf, Herzogenburg, Inzersdorf, Nasenberg, Nussdorf, Oberndorf, Oberwölbling, Reichersdorf, Sitzenberg-Reidling, Statzendorf, Waldlesberg and Würmla. Well-known vineyards are Engelreich, Gießgraben, Grillenbühel, Hausberg (named 950), Händlgraben, Pletzengraben, Rafasetzen, Wöbling and Zwirch.

Traisental - topographische Karte

Grape variety list

In 2022, the vineyards covered a total of 849 hectares of vines. Compared to 2015 with 815 hectares, this was an increase of 34 hectares (4%). The share of red wine varieties amounts to 13%, the share of white wine varieties to 87%. Grüner Veltliner dominates with well over half of the stock, followed by Zweigelt, Riesling, Muskateller and Müller-Thurgau.

Grape variety
Austrian
Main name

in Austria
permitted synonyms

Colour

HA
2022

%
2022

HA
2015

%
2015

Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 528 62,3 478 58,6
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 69 8,1 75 9,2
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 53 6,2 49 6,0
Muscat Blanc Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 29 3,4 20 2,4
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 20 2,3 27 3,3
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 19 2,2 16 1,9
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 15 1,7 13 1,5
Blue Portugieser - red 15 1,7 29 3,5
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 13 1,5 13 1,5
Frühroter Veltliner Malvasia white 11 1,3 12 1,4
Blauburger - red 7 0,8 10 1,2
Neuburger - white 5 0,6 9 1,1
St. Laurent - red 4,4 0,5 4,7 0,6
Merlot - red 4 0,5 3,6 0,4
Roter Veltliner - white 3,6 0,4 3,8 0,5
Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 3,5 0,4 3,9 0,5
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 3,3 0,4 3,2 0,4
Bouvier - white 2,7 0,3 3,2 0,4
Muscat Ottonel - white 2,6 0,3 2,4 0,3
Blaufränkisch - red 0,6 0,1 2,9 0,3
Muscat Ottonel - white 2,6 0,3 2,4 0,3
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 2,4 0,3 2,4 0,3
Welschriesling - white 2,2 0,3 2,3 0,3
Roesler - red 2,1 0,2 1,8 0,2
Flower muscatel - white 1,6 0,2 - -
Muscaris - white 1,2 0,1 - -
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 1,1 0,1 1,0 0,1
Syrah Shiraz red 1,1 0,1 0,9 0,1
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 0,9 0,1 1,6 0,2
Blaufränkisch - red 0,6 0,1 2,9 0,3
Rotgipfler - white 0,6 0,1 0,2 -
Scheurebe seedling 88 white 0,3 - 0,3 -
Goldburger - white 0,2 - 0,6 0,1
Rathay - red 0,2 - 0,6 0,1
Rotgipfler - white 0,6 0,1 0,2 -
Souvignier gris - white 0,4 - - -
Zierfandler Late red white 0,1 - 0,2 -
Cabernet Franc - red 0,1 - 0,1 -
Furmint - white 0,1 - - -
Gold muscatel - white 0,1 - - -
Jubilee Vine - white 0,1 - - -
Blue Wildbacher - red 0,1 - - -
Rose muscatel - red 0,1 - - -
remaining varieties - white/red 26 3,1 20 2,5

WHITE SORT

white

735

87

672

82

RED SORT

red

114

13

143

18

TOTAL

849

815

DAC system

Starting with the 2007 vintage, the origin-controlled quality level Traisental DAC was introduced. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Lower Austria, the Land wines under the winegrowing region designation Weinland. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions, special rules apply.

The quality wine grape varieties Grüner Veltliner and Riesling are permitted. The wines must be vinified dry. Starting with the 2016 vintage, a three-tier system was introduced to emphasise the origin more strongly. There are lower limits for the alcohol content, but no upper limits compared to before. The date for the application to obtain the State Assay Number is staggered. If the decision is positive (usually within one week), the wine may be marketed:

  • Traisental DAC, to. 11.5% vol; 1 January
  • Traisenstal DAC with indication of place; at. 12% vol; 1 January
  • Traisental DAC with indication of place and vineyard (indication of "Ried" and vineyard name); at. 12.5% vol; 1 January
  • Traisental DAC Reserve; at. 13% vol; 1 July

The wines must show a characteristic typicity in taste. For Grüner Veltliner: fruity, fine spiciness, no botrytis note, no perceptible wood note (toast aroma), balanced, not alcoholic. For Riesling: fragrant, aromatic, elegant, mineral, no botrytis dominance, no wood note, balanced, not alcohol-heavy. For Reserve: strong style, distinct regional and varietal aromas, dense and long finish, a delicate botrytis and woody tone is permissible.

Producers

Well-known wineries are Brindlmayer Karl, Dockner Thomas, Hauleitner Herwald, Herzinger Reinhard, Hofmann Rudolf, Holzer Andreas, Huber Markus, Kreimel Herbert, Neumayer Ludwig, Nolz Josef, Ott Thomas, Pernikl Walter, Preiß Friedrich, Schöller Hans and Steyrer Bernhard. Many businesses are members of the Traisentaler Weingärtner association. Another large winegrowers' association is Traditionsweingüter Österreich. A selection of the best wines of the Wedin growing region are available for commented wine tasting and sale at the Schlossvinothek Traismauer.

Pictures: © ÖWM - Marcus Wiesner

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