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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.


Description to Carnuntum

One of the eight specific wine-growing districts in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. In 1993, the districts of Donauland (since the 2008 vintage Wagram) and Carnuntum, which until then had formed a common winegrowing area, were separated. The Celts and later the Romans already practised viticulture here. In the middle of the first century, the former Celtic kingdom of Noricum became a Roman province. The Romans built a legionary camp and a civilian city with a large amphitheatre near the village of Petronell, where the Amber Road crossed the Danube, which had around 40,000 inhabitants around 100 AD. The border against the Germanic tribes was fortified with a wall, the Limes. Extensive excavations took place in the 20th century. Outside the town, a former 20-metre-high triumphal arch commemorates the imperial conference in 308. Carnuntum was destroyed by the Germanic tribes around 400.

Carnuntum - Gemeinde Höflein mit Weingärten

The hilly landscape stretches south of the Danube east of Wien to the border of Slovakia. The vineyards lie on the foothills of the thermal line and also benefit from the temperature equalisation of Lake Neusiedl and the Danube. The Pannonian climate influence, which is already strongly noticeable here, ensures high average summer temperatures and above-average grape ripeness, which creates excellent conditions for red wines. Sandy, loamy, loessy and gravelly soils predominate, which are mostly due to deposits of the Danube. Geologically, the area is part of the Vienna Basin.

Carnuntum - Karte mit Rebflächen

Some of the vineyards are widely scattered, but there are two larger concentrations of contiguous areas. The sunny southern slopes of the Spitzerberg with the vineyard of the same name form a small red wine island near Prellenkirchen. The second larger area is around the three municipalities of Göttlesbrunn, Arbesthal and Höflein. Other wine-growing communities are Bruck an der Leitha, Edelstal (but belongs to Burgenland), Hainburg and Stixneusiedl. Well-known vineyards in the Carnuntum wine-growing region are Altenberg, Bärnreiser (Bärenreiser), Birnzipf, Bühl (with sub-vines Aubühl, Kirchbühl), Geizbillen, Gsetzen, Hagelsberg, Haidacker, Kräften, Neuberg, Rosenberg, Scheibner, Schüttenberg, Spitzerberg and Stuhlwerker.

Grape variety list

In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 907 hectares of vines. There was no change compared to 2009 with 910 hectares. The share of red wine varieties is 54.3%, the share of white wine varieties 45.7%. Zweigelt dominates with a quarter of the total area, followed by Grüner Veltliner, Blaufränkisch and Merlot.

Grape variety - österr.
Main name
officially permitted in Austria
Colour Hectare
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 240 26,4 226
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 193 21,2 205
Blaufränkisch - red 84 9,2 84
Merlot - red 54 6,0 51
Welschriesling - white 50 5,5 50
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 35 3,8 25,5
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 27 3,0 30
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 24 2,6 16
Muscat Blanc Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 24 2,6 14,5
St. Laurent - red 23 2,5 23
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 21 2,2 24
Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir red 19 2,1 19,5
Gem. set white - white 17 1,8 27,5
Blauburger - red 15,4 1,7 25
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 13,1 1,4 14
Syrah Shiraz red 12,3 1,4 10
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 11,4 1,3 13
Roesler - red 10,8 1,2 9,5
Blue Portugieser - red 6,6 0,7 14
Common set red - red 6,6 0,7 0,9
Neuburger - white 4,4 0,5 5
Muscat Ottonel - white 2,3 0,3 3
Scheurebe seedling 88 white 2,1 0,2 2,2
Cabernet Franc - red 1,6 0,2 1,9
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 1,5 0,2 2,2
Roter Veltliner - white 1,4 0,2 1,4
Bouvier - white 1,1 0,1 0,8
Goldburger - white 1,0 0,1 2
Frühroter Veltliner Malvasia white 1,0 0,1 1,3
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 0,7 0,1 0,6
Rathay - red 0,6 0,1 -
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 0,4 - 0,2
Furmint - white 0,3 - -
Jubilee Vine - 0,2 - -
Rotgipfler - white 0,2 - 0,2
Zierfandler Late red white 0,2 - -
other white varieties - white 5,5 0,6 9
and. red varieties - red 0,1 - 0,3
WHITE SORT 414 45,7 422
RED SORT 493 54,3 488
TOTAL 907 100 910

DAC system

From the 2019 vintage onwards, the origin-controlled quality level Carnuntum DAC has been introduced. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Lower Austria, the country wines under the winegrowing region designation Weinland. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions, special rules apply. The established Rubin Carnuntum brand for Zweigelt wines typical of the region remains in place parallel to the DAC regulation.

For white wines, the quality wine grape varieties Grüner Veltliner,Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay are permitted, for red wines Blaufränkisch and Zweigelt. Pure-varietal wines must be vinified exclusively from these, blends from at least two-thirds. This means that cuvées can also contain up to one third of other quality wine grape varieties, such as St. Laurent, Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot for red wine.

There are three levels: regional wine, local wine (from a local wine-growing community, up to 15% from neighbouring communities) and estate wine ( estate registered in the wine-growing cadastre, up to 15% from neighbouring estates). The wines must be dry. Red wines must have at least 12% alcohol by volume. In addition, local and estate wines should be given sufficient time to develop their independent and expressive character. The application to obtain the State Assay Number may not be made before 15 March in the case of white wine and before 1 November of the year following the harvest in the case of red wine.


Well-known producers of the Carnuntum wine-growing region are Artner Hannes, Böheim Johann, Dorli Muhr, Edelmann Christian, Glatzer Walter, Glock Günther, Grassl Philipp, Jahner Leo, Lager Markus, Markowitsch Gerhard, Markowitsch Lukas, Nepomukhof, Netzl Franz, Oppelmayer, Ott Stefan, Payr Robert, Pelzmann, Pimpel, Pitnauer, Schenzel-Wallner, Taferner Alois, Taferner Franz, Trapl and Zwickelstorfer. A well-known winegrowers' association is Traditionsweingüter Österreich.

Höflein: © ÖWM - Armin Faber
map: © ÖWM

Weingut Lukas Markowitsch Lower Austria/Niederösterreich 2018 Carnuntum trocken Cuvée Lukas 90 WP excellent 26.00 €
Weingut Lukas Markowitsch Lower Austria/Niederösterreich 2019 Carnuntum trocken Cuvée Lukas 88 WP very good 26.00 €
Weingut Markowitsch Lower Austria/Niederösterreich 2010 Carnuntum Ried Rosenberg trocken 90 WP excellent 28.00 €
Markus Lager Lower Austria/Niederösterreich 2018 Carnuntum trocken "Sonnwend" 88 WP very good 18.00 €
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