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Regions

Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Thermenregion

Description to Thermenregion

One of the eight specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. It was formed in 1985 by merging the formerly independent wine-growing areas of Gumpoldskirchen and Bad Vöslau. The thermal baths, already known in ancient times, gave the area its name, but in the vernacular it is called "Südbahn" after the railway line built here in the mid-19th century. The oldest vineyard in Austria, the Freigut Thallern near Gumpoldskirchen was founded in 1141 by the Cistercians of the Heiligenkreuz Abbey. The right to serve wine has been a tradition since the 13th century, when it was called Leitgeben (Leutgeben).

Thermenregion - Gumpoldskirchen mit Weinbergen

There were rich wine yields in the 14th and 15th centuries. In the 16th and 17th centuries the area was badly affected by the Turkish sieges. The Turkish commander-in-chief Kara Mustapha (1630-1683), who fell ill during the second Turkish siege of Wien, recovered very quickly in Baden in 1683, but was executed after the defeat. Viticulture suffered the heaviest losses because the Turks destroyed many vineyards for religious reasons. In 1760, the Pinot Noir was introduced to the area by the Teutonic Order and began to spread throughout the region into Burgenland. The area is part of the Vienna Basin and is one of the warmest wine-growing regions in Austria. Hugo von Hofmannsthal (1847-1929), the creator of "Everyman", described it as an "immense garden".

Thermenregion - Karte mit Rebflächen

The Thermenregion consists of barren and stony, but also heavy, loamy soils. The climate is characterised by dry, hot summers and cold winters. The area stretches from the southern outskirts of Wien along a chain of hills to the south of the spa town of Baden. A beautiful wine route touches all the important wine-growing communities. The most important are Baden, Bad Vöslau, Brunn am Gebirge, Enzesfeld, Gumpoldskirchen, Guntramsdorf, Hirtenberg, Leobersdorf, Maria Enzersdorf, Mödling, Perchtoldsdorf, Pfaffstätten, Sooß, Tattendorf, Teesdorf, Traiskirchen and Tribuswinkel. Well-known vineyards are Brindlbach, Doctnerin, Eichkogel, Goldeck, Igeln, Kreuzer, Mandelhöhe, Pfarrgarten, Spiegel, Tümpfel and Wiegen. A local speciality is the autochthonous variety Zierfandler (Spätrot), which is blended with the Rotgipfler to make the white wine cuvée Spätrot-Rotgipfler. A number of wine tourism activities are organised under the name "Zierfandler-Welt".

Grape variety list

In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 2,182 hectares of vines. There was no change compared to 2009 with 2,196 hectares. The share of red wine varieties is 45.3% and the share of white wine varieties is 54.7%. The range of grape varieties in Thermenregion differs from the other wine-growing areas. The two red wine varieties Zweigelt and Blauer Portugieser dominate, followed by the white wine variety Neuburger.

Grape variety - Austrian
Main name
officially permitted in Austria
Synonyms
Colour Hectare
2015
%-Ant
2015
Hectare
2009
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 286 13,1 277
Blauer Portugieser - red 210 9,6 267
Neuburg - white 195 8,9 222
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 179 8,2 165
St. Laurent - red 147 6,7 148
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 124 5,7 140
Rotgipfler - white 114 5,2 101
Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir red 110 5,0 110
Welschriesling - white 92 4,2 85
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 87 4,0 92
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 74 3,4 61
Zierfandler Late red white 72 3,3 79
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 57 2,6 61
Blauburger - red 56 2,5 61
Merlot - red 55 2,5 44
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 42 1,9 45
Mixed set white - white 40 1,8 46
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 36 1,6 24
Muscat Blanc Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 27 1,2 14
Blaufränkisch - red 26 1,2 25
Frühroter Veltliner Malvasia white 24 1,1 26,5
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 22 1,0 26
Muscat Ottonel - white 20 0,9 20,5
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 17 0,8 13
Gem. set red - red 17 0,8 2,3
Roesler - red 12 0,6 10
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 7,8 0,4 6,5
Syrah Shiraz red 7,8 0,4 5
Goldburger - white 6,1 0,3 7,5
Bouvier - white 4,0 0,2 3,6
Roter Veltliner - white 3,6 0,2 3
Cabernet Franc - red 3,3 0,2 3,8
Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 2,6 0,1 1,9
Rathay - red 2,0 0,1 2,7
Jubilee vine - white 0,8 - 1,6
Blue Wildbacher - red 0,3 - 0,3
Furmint - white 0,1 - -
other. white varieties - white 8,4 0,4 7,2
and. red varieties - red 1,0 - 0,5
WHITE SORT 1.194 54,7 1.188
RED SORT 988 45,3 1.008
TOTAL 2.182 100 2.196

DAC system

The origin-oriented DAC system is in preparation

Producers

Well-known producers in the wine-growing region Thermenregion are Alphart Karl, Auer Leopold and Helga, Aumann Leopold, Bayer Heribert, Biegler Othmar, Dopler Günther, Dungel Reinhard, Fischer Christian, Gebeshuber Johannes, Gisperg Johann, Grabner-Schierer, Hartl Heinrich, Hartl Toni, Heggenberger, Johanneshof Reinisch, Krug Gustav, Landauer-Gisperg, Loimer Fred, Nigl Georg, Pferschy-Seper, Piriwe, Pretterebner Rolf, Reinisch Alfred, Schaflerhof, Schellmann, Schlumberger, Schneider Georg, Schwertführer 47er, Schup Gregor, Schwertführer Johann, Stadlmann Johann, Stift Klosterneuburg, Stiftsweingut Heiligenkreuz - Freigut Thallern, Straitz & Straitz, Zierer Harald. A well-known winegrowers' association is Burgundermacher.

Pictures: © ÖWM

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