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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.


Description to Thermenregion

One of the eight specific wine growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine growing area of Lower Austria. It was formed in 1985 by merging the formerly independent wine-growing areas of Gumpoldskirchen and Bad Vöslau. The thermal baths, already known in ancient times, gave the area its name, but in the vernacular it is called "Südbahn" after the railway line built here in the middle of the 19th century. The oldest winery in Austria, the Freigut Thallern near Gumpoldskirchen was founded in 1141 by the Cistercians of the Heiligenkreuz Monastery. Since the 13th century the right to serve wine has been a tradition, at that time it was called Leitgeben (Leutgeben).

Thermenregion - Gumpoldskirchen mit Weinbergen

There were rich wine yields in the 14th and 15th century. In the 16th and 17th century the area was severely affected by the Turkish sieges. The ill, Turkish commander-in-chief Kara Mustapha (1630-1683) of the second Turkish siege of Vienna recovered very quickly in Baden in 1683, but was executed after the defeat. Viticulture suffered severe losses because the Turks destroyed many vineyards for religious reasons. In 1760, the German Order introduced Pinot Noir (Blauburgunder) to this area and it began to spread throughout the entire region and into Burgenland. The area is part of the Vienna Basin and is one of the warmest wine-growing regions in Austria. Hugo von Hofmannsthal (1847-1929), the creator of the "Everyman", called it an "immense garden".

Thermenregion - Karte mit Rebflächen

The thermal region consists of barren and stony, but also heavy, loamy soils. The climate is characterized by dry, hot summers and cold winters. The area extends from the southern outskirts of Vienna along a chain of hills to the south of the spa town of Baden. A beautiful wine route touches all important wine growing communities. The most important are Baden, Bad Vöslau, Brunn am Gebirge, Enzesfeld, Gumpoldskirchen, Guntramsdorf, Hirtenberg, Leobersdorf, Maria Enzersdorf, Mödling, Perchtoldsdorf, Pfaffstätten, Sooß, Tattendorf, Teesdorf, Traiskirchen and Tribuswinkel. Well known vineyards are Brindlbach, Doctnerin, Eichkogel, Goldeck, Igeln, Kreuzer, Mandelhöhe, Pfarrgarten, Spiegel, Tümpfel and Wiegen. A local speciality is the autochthonous variety Zierfandler (Spätrot), which is blended with the Rotgipfler to produce the white wine cuvée Spätrot-Rotgipfler. A number of wine tourism activities take place under the name "Zierfandler-Welt".

List of vine varieties

In 2015 the vineyards covered a total of 2,182 hectares of vines. Compared to 2009 with 2,196 hectares, there was no change. The share of red wine varieties is 45.3% and the share of white wine varieties 54.7%. The grape variety level of the Thermenregion differs from the other wine-growing regions. The two red wine varieties Zweigelt and Blauer Portugieser dominate, followed by the white wine variety Neuburger.

Grape variety - austrian
Main name
officially authorised in Austria
Colour Hectare
Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 286 13,1 277
Blue Portuguese - red 210 9,6 267
Neuburger - white 195 8,9 222
Green Veltliner Weißgipfler white 179 8,2 165
Saint Laurent - red 147 6,7 148
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Clever white 124 5,7 140
Rotgipfler - white 114 5,2 101
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 110 5,0 110
Welschriesling - white 92 4,2 85
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 87 4,0 92
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 74 3,4 61
Decorative Fandler Late Red white 72 3,3 79
Cabernet sauvignon - red 57 2,6 61
Blauburger - red 56 2,5 61
Merlot - red 55 2,5 44
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 42 1,9 45
Gem. set white - white 40 1,8 46
Blanc sauvignon Nutmeg Sylvaner white 36 1,6 24
Muscatel Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 27 1,2 14
Blaufränkisch - red 26 1,2 25
Early Red Veltliner Malmsey white 24 1,1 26,5
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 22 1,0 26
Nutmeg Ottonel - white 20 0,9 20,5
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 17 0,8 13
Gem. set red - red 17 0,8 2,3
Roesler - red 12 0,6 10
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 7,8 0,4 6,5
Syrah Shiraz red 7,8 0,4 5
Goldburger - white 6,1 0,3 7,5
Bouvier - white 4,0 0,2 3,6
Red Veltliner - white 3,6 0,2 3
Cabernet franc - red 3,3 0,2 3,8
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 2,6 0,1 1,9
Rathay - red 2,0 0,1 2,7
Anniversary vine - white 0,8 - 1,6
Blue Torrent - red 0,3 - 0,3
Furmint - white 0,1 - -
and. white varieties - white 8,4 0,4 7,2
and. red varieties - red 1,0 - 0,5
WHITE TYPES 1.194 54,7 1.188
RED VARIETIES 988 45,3 1.008
TOTAL 2.182 100 2.196

DAC system

The origin-based DAC system is in preparation


Well-known producers in the Thermenregion wine region are Alphart Karl, Auer Leopold and Helga, Aumann Leopold, Bayer Heribert, Biegler Othmar, Dopler Günther, Dungel Reinhard, Fischer Christian, Gisperg Johann, Grabner-Schierer, Hartl Heinrich, Hartl Toni, Heggenberger, Johanneshof Reinisch, Krug Gustav, Landauer-Gisperg, Loimer Fred, Nigl Georg, Pferschy-Seper, Piriwe, Pretterebner Rolf, Reinisch Alfred, Schaflerhof, Schellmann, Schlumberger, Schneider Georg, Schwertführer 47er, Schup Gregor, Schwertführer Johann, Spaetrot Gebeshuber, Stadlmann Johann, Stift Klosterneuburg, Stiftsweingut Heiligenkreuz - Freigut Thallern, Straitz & Straitz, Zierer Harald. Two WV are burgundy makers and thermal vintners.

Pictures: © ÖWM

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