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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.


Description to Mittelburgenland

One of the five specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Burgenland. In 2016, a restructuring took place with partial changes in the names and area boundaries. However, Mittelburgenland was not affected by this; the name and borders remained the same. The Celts and Romans already cultivated vines here. According to legend, the Frankish Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) also visited this region. In the Middle Ages, Cistercian monks from Burgundy brought the grape varieties Blaufränkisch and Pinot Gris with them and cultivated viticulture. The hilly, forested area covers the entire central part of the province between Lower Austria in the west and Hungary in the east. Well-known wine-growing communities are Deutschkreutz, Frankenau, Kroatisch Geresdorf, Kleinwarasdorf, Horitschon, Lackenbach, Lutzmannsburg, Neckenmarkt, Nikitsch, Ritzing, Unterfrauenhaid and Unterpetersdorf. Well-known vineyards (sites) are Dürrau, Gfanger, Hochäcker, Hochberg, Kart and Kirchholz.

Mittelburgenland (Blaufränkischland) - Neckenmarkt mit Ried Grunderitsch

The three chains of hills Ödenburger Gebirge in the north, Bucklige Welt in the west and Günser Bergland in the south protect against cold winds. Warm, Pannonian climate influences flow in from the east and the nearby Lake Neusiedl has a climate-regulating effect. The predominant soil types are sand, loam and partly also gravel formations with good water retention. It is worth mentioning that in the course of a varietal study at the Federal Office of Viticulture in Eisenstadt, it was determined that the origin Mittelburgenland can be analytically determined. This is clearly possible on the basis of wine constituents, especially mineral and aromatic substances. The very high content of the health-promoting phenolic compound resveratrol was striking.

Mittelburgenland - Karte mit Rebflächen

Grape variety list

Mittelburgenland is the Austrian red wine-growing region. It dominates with more than half of the Blaufränkisch, which is why it is also called "Blaufränkischland". In 2017, the vineyards covered 2,104 hectares of vines. Compared to 2009 with 2,118 hectares, this was almost identical. The share of red wine varieties is 92.4%, the share of white wine varieties 7.6%.

Grape variety - Austrian
Main name
officially permitted in Austria
Colour Hectare
Blaufränkisch - red 1.151 54,7 1.175
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 461 21,9 432
Merlot - red 122 5,8 124
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 87 4,1 91
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 82 3,9 90
Syrah Shiraz red 38 1,8 39
St. Laurent . red 22,8 1,1 22
Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir red 22,2 1,1 25,5
Welschriesling - white 20,6 1,0 24
Roesler - red 20,6 1,0 14
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Bgld white 15,7 0,7 14
Blauburger - red 10,3 0,5 16
Cabernet Franc - red 9,4 0,4 7
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 7,6 0,4 5
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 6,4 0,3 8
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 5,6 0,3 8
Common set white - white 4,1 0,2 6,5
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 2,8 0,1 3,5
Muscat Ottonel - white 2,5 0,1 1
Muscat Blanc Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 2,3 0,1 0,6
Rathay - red 2,1 0,1 -
Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 1,4 0,1 1,5
Goldburger - white 0,9 - 2
Blue Portugieser - red 0,9 - 2
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 0,5 - 0,7
Neuburger - white 0,3 - 0,3
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 0,6 - 0,3
Bouvier - white 0,4 - 0,2
Roter Veltliner - white 0,2 - 0,2
Rotgipfler - white 0,1 - -
other. white varieties - white 2,0 0,1 0,4
other. red varieties - red 2,0 0,1 0
WHITE SORT 161 7,6 168
RED SORT 1.944 92,4 1.950
TOTAL 2.104 100 2.118

DAC system

Starting with the 2007 vintage, the origin-controlled quality level Mittelburgenland DAC was introduced. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Burgenland, the country wines under the winegrowing region designation Weinland. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions, the following rules apply in particular: The wines must have been made from the quality wine grape variety Blaufränkisch. The indication of a Großlage is not permitted; as smaller geographical units, only a municipality and, in the second category, an obligatory vineyard can be indicated. The content of malic acid must not exceed 0.5 g/l, the content of residual sugar must not exceed 2.5 g/l. The red wine is available in three different categories:

Classic: The taste must be typical for the variety, fruity and spicy; the smell must be typical for the variety; the colour must correspond to a muted, strong red. The wine must be matured in traditional large oak barrels (no or hardly noticeable wood) or in steel tanks. The alcohol content must be 12.5 or 13% vol. Marketing must not take place before 1 March of the year following the harvest.

Site: The taste must be typical of the variety, fruity, spicy and strong. The wine must be matured in traditional large oak barrels or used barrique barrels (no to light wood). The alcohol content must be 13 or 13.5% vol. Marketing not before 1 Sept. of the year following the harvest.

Reserve: The taste must be typical of the variety, fruity, spicy and strong. Maturation must take place in traditional large oak barrels or barriques (noticeable to dominant wood tone). The alcohol content must be at least 13% vol. Marketing not before 1 January of the year following the harvest.


Well-known producers of the wine-growing region Mittelburgnland are Arachon T.FX.T, Bauer-Pöltl, Bayer Heribert, Draxler Andreas, Fuchs Christian, Gager Josef, Gesellmann Albert, Grenzlandhof Reumann, Heinrich Johann, Hofstädter Johann, Hundsdorfer Anton, Iby Anton, Iby-Lehrner, Igler Hans, Igler Josef, Kerschbaum Maria, Kerschbaum Paul, K+K Kirnbauer, Kovacs Matthias, Lang Stefan, Lehrner Paul, Moritz Alfred, Pfneisl, Prickler Herbert, Reumann Josef, Strehn Monika, Szemes, Tesch Josef, Vereinte Winzer Blaufränkischland, Weber Rudolf, Weber Thomas, Wellanschitz, Weninger Franz, Wieder Juliana, Winzerkeller Neckenmarkt and Wohlmuth Gerhard. A well-known winegrowers' association is Blaufränkischland Mittelburgenland.

Images: © ÖWM - Marcus Wiesner

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