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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Wine regions in Slovenia 3 growing regions

Description to Slovenia

The first vines were planted in this area by the Celts some 2,400 years ago. The Romans influenced the viticulture especially in the area of Poetovium (Ptuj = Pettau). The Roman wine author Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned viticulture in the karst area and called these wines an elixir of life. During the migration of the peoples, viticulture came to a standstill again. But in the Middle Ages the wines were highly valued at the courts of Imperial Vienna and Archbishop Salzburg. The Austrian Archduke Johann (1782-1859) owned a model vineyard near Maribor (Marburg). Even today the influences of the historical and long affiliation to Austria-Hungary can be felt. As in most European countries, large areas of vineyards fell victim to phylloxera in the second half of the 19th century.

Wine-growing areas / climate

installation areas are located in the north on the border with Austria (southern Styria), in the east on the border with Hungary and in the west on the border with the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Around three-quarters of the production is white wines, around a quarter red wines. Slovenian viticulture has shown rapid positive development. The Movia winery is a model company and pioneer. There are many small winegrowers with tiny areas. The climatic conditions are characterized by Alpine, continental and Mediterranean climate. After short, heavy rain showers in spring, a warm summer follows and a long, mostly sunny autumn, which allows for a late harvest and thus also ripe predicate wines. Slovenia is divided into three large wine-growing regions with 14 wine-growing areas of protected origin. In 2012, the vineyards covered a total of 16,000 hectares, of which 507,000 hectolitres of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes):

Slowenien - Karte mit den Weinbauregionen

Podravje (Drauland) divided into two areas with 9,650 ha
1. Stajerska Slovenija (Slovenian Styria) with 8,685 ha

  • Haloze
  • Ljutomer-Ormoz
  • Maribor
  • Ptuj-Srednje Slovenske Gorice
  • Radgona Chapela
  • Smarje-Virstanj

2. Prekmurje with 965 ha

  • Lendavske Gorice-Goricko

Posavje (Save area) with 4,328 ha:

  • Bela Krajina (White Carniola) with 608 ha
  • Bizeljsko Sremič with 1,264 ha
  • Dolenjska with 2.456 ha

Primorska (Adriatic coastal area) with 8,081 ha:

  • Goriška Brda (Gorizia Hills) with 1,992 ha
  • Kras (Karst) with 753 ha
  • Slovenska Istra (Slovenian Istria) with 2,331 ha
  • Vipavska Dolina (Wippach valley) with 3,005 ha

List of vine varieties

The grape variety level in 2010 in the statistics of Kym Anderson was

Grape variety Synonyms in Slovenia Colour Hectare
Welschriesling Laski Rizling white 2.360
Terrano / Refosco Refošk, Refosco d'Istria red 1.292
Chardonnay - white 1.208
Blanc sauvignon Muškatni Silvanec white 1.061
Merlot - red 996
Žametovka Cavcina Crna red 913
Ribolla gialla Rebula white 743
Malvasia Istarska Istrska Malvazija, Polijsakica Drnovk white 740
Blaufränkisch Frankovna Crna red 680
Riesling Renski Rizling white 676
Furmint Šipon white 651
Pinot blanc Beli Pinot, Beli Burgundy white 525
Pinot gris Sivi Pinot white 501
Cabernet sauvignon - red 453
Muscat Blanc Rumeni nutmeg white 353
Gewürztraminer / Traminer Traminec white 215
Sauvignonasse Zeleni Sauvignon white 190
Kraljevina - white 179
Müller-Thurgau Rizvanec white 144
Barbera - red 134
Plavec Žuti Rumeni Plavec white 60
Bouvier Ranina Bela, Radgonska Ranina white 40
Ranfol Belina Pleterje white 36
Klarnica Klarnca white 3
Kerner - white 2
Vitovska Vitouska white ?
Vitovska Grganya Grganka, Racuk, Vitovska Garganija white ?

Wine categories

As in Austria and Germany, these are based on the must weight of the grapes. The label must indicate the total quantity of bottles produced or their number of litres. The degrees of sweetness are suho (dry), polsuho (semi-dry), polsladko (semi-sweet) and sladko (sweet). In August 2009, the EU wine market regulation came into force with fundamental changes in wine designations and quality grades. There are the following new designations or quality grades (see also under quality system):

  • Vino (formerly Namizno Vino or table wine) = wine
  • PGO = Deželno Vino or country wine
  • ZGP = Kakovostno Vino or quality wine
  • VV z ZGP = Vrhunsko Vino or premium wine / predicate wine
  • PTP = Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje or traditional wine

PGO (Priznano Geografsko Oznaka = recognised geographical indication)
Wine from fully ripe grapes, natural alcoholic strength by volume 8.5%, maximum yield 120 h/ha, sensory and analytical examination required.

ZGP (Zaščitenim Geografskim Poreklom = protected geographical origin)
Use of quality wine grape varieties and certain vineyards are compulsory, fully ripe grapes, natural alcohol content zum. 8.5% vol (9.5% vol in wine-growing zone CII), maximum yield 80 hl/ha, sensory and analytical testing required, at official tasting must be achieved zum. 16.1 of 20 points.

VV z ZGP (Vrhunsko Vino z Zaščitenim Geografskim Poreklom = top-quality wine of protected geographical origin)
This corresponds analogously to a predicate wine. The following conditions apply in addition to the basic criteria: No enrichment and additives allowed, no deacidification. At least 18.1 of 20 points must be achieved at official tasting. Additional denominations/wine types listed:

  • Pozna Trgatev = late harvest (overripe or botrytised; zum. 92 °Oe)
  • Izbor = selection (overripe or botrytised; zum. 108 °Oe)
  • Jagodni Izbor = Beerenauslese (overripe or botrytised; zum. 128 °Oe)
  • Suhi Jagodni Izbor = Trockenbeerenauslese (overripe or botrytised; zum. 154 °Oe)
  • Ledeno Vino = ice wine (naturally frozen at harvest, at 128 °Oe)
  • Slamno Vino (Vino iz Sušenega Grozdja) = straw wine (dried on reed mats)

PTP(Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje = recognised traditional term)
Wines produced according to traditional methods with protection of geographical origin. There are only four of them; these are Belokranjec, Cviček, Kras Teran and Metliska Crnina.

Special wine names/types

  • Arhivsko Vino = archive wine (matured 2 years in barrels and 2 bottles; zum. 83 °Oe)
  • Mlado Vino = young wine (marketed 30 days after harvest until 31st January of the following year)
  • Kakovostno Peneče Vino, Penina = sparkling wine or quality sparkling wine

Map: From Agne27 from Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
edited by Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer - May 2019

In this section you will find
currently 140,997 Wines and 22,912 Producers, including 2,201 classified producers.
Rating system Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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