You are using an old browser that may not function as expected.
For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member

Wine regions in Slovenia 3 growing regions

Description to Slovenia

The Republic of Slovenia (Slovenija in Slovenian) with its capital Ljubljana covers an area of 20,273 square kilometres. The country borders Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the east and Croatia to the south-east. After the end of the Second World War in 1945, Slovenia existed as a constituent republic of socialist Yugoslavia. Following the declaration of independence in 1991 and the 10-day war, Slovenia became an independent nation state.

Slowenien - Landkarte, Flagge und Wappen


The first vines were planted by the Celts around 2,400 years ago. The Romans influenced viticulture, particularly in the Poetovium region (Ptuj = Pettau). The Roman wine writer Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned viticulture in the Karst region and described these wines as the elixir of life. Viticulture came to a standstill again during the Migration Period. But in the Middle Ages, the wines were highly prized at the courts of imperial Vienna and archbishopric Salzburg. The Austrian Archduke Johann (1782-1859) owned a model vineyard near Maribor (Marburg). The influences of the region's long historical affiliation with Austria-Hungary can still be felt today. As in most European countries, large areas of vineyards fell victim to phylloxera in the second half of the 19th century.

Climate & soils

The climatic conditions are characterised by Alpine, continental and Mediterranean climates. Short, heavy downpours in spring are followed by a warm summer and a long, mostly sunny autumn, which enables a late grape harvest and thus also ripe Prädikat wines. The soils are characterised by great diversity (see under the wine-growing regions).

Wine-growing regions

The wine-growing areas lie to the north on the border with Austria (South Styria), to the east with Hungary and to the west with the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Around three quarters of production is accounted for by white wines and around one quarter by red wines. The Movia winery is a model and pioneer. There are many small winegrowers with tiny plots. Slovenia is divided into three large wine-growing regions with 14 protected wine-growing areas.

Slowenien - Karte der Weinbaugebiete

Podravje (Drauland) with 9,650 ha

Is divided into two areas:

Stajerska Slovenija (Slovenian Styria) with 8,685 ha

  • Haloze
  • Ljutomer-Ormoz
  • Maribor
  • Ptuj-Srednje Slovenske Gorice
  • Radgona-Kapela
  • Smarje-Virstanj

Prekmurje with 965 ha

  • Lendavske Gorice-Goricko

Posavje (Sava region) with 4,328 ha

  • Bela Krajina (White Carniola) with 608 ha
  • Bizeljsko Sremič with 1,264 ha
  • Dolenjska with 2,456 ha

Primorska (Adriatic coastal area) with 8,081 ha

  • Goriška Brda (Gorizia hills) with 1,992 ha
  • Kras (Karst) with 753 ha
  • Slovenska Istra (Slovenian Istria) with 2,331 ha
  • Vipavska Dolina (Wippach Valley) with 3,005 ha

Grape variety index

In 2022, the vineyards covered 14,789 hectares and the wine production volume was 546,000 hectolitres. The grape variety index (Kym Anderson statistics):

Grape variety

Synonyms in Slovenia



Welschriesling Laski Rizling white 1.935
Terrano / Refosco Refošk, Refosco d'Istria red 1.340
Chardonnay - white 1.181
Sauvignon Blanc Muškatni Silvanec white 1.121
Malvazija Istarska Istrska Malvazija, Polijsakica Drnovk white 915
Žametovka Kavcina Crna red 822
Merlot - red 817
Blaufränkisch Frankovna Crna red 709
Riesling Renski Rizling white 607
Ribolla Gialla Rebula white 597
Muscat Blanc Rumeni Muscat white 586
Furmint Šipon white 546
Pinot Gris Sivi Pinot white 508
Pinot Blanc Beli Pinot, Beli Burgundec white 424
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 423
Sauvignonasse Zeleni Sauvignon white 231
Savagnin Blanc - white 209
Pinot Noir - red 202
Kraljevina - white 199
Müller-Thurgau Rizvanec white 128
Kerner - white 111
Barbera - red 98
Muscat Ottonel white 98
Plavec Žuti Rumeni Plavec white 82
Silvaner - white 81
Blauer Portugieser - red 80
Zelen - white 75
Pinella - white 61
Vitovska Grganja Vitouska white 51
Cabernet Franc - red 27
Syrah - red 18
St Laurent - red 6
Zweigelt - red 5
Gamay - r0t 4

Wine categories

As in Austria and Germany, these are based on the must weight of the grapes. The label must indicate the number of bottles or litres produced. The sweetness levels are suho (dry), polsuho (semi-dry), polsladko (semi-sweet) and sladko (sweet). In August 2009, the EU wine market regulation came into force with fundamental changes to wine designations and quality levels. The following new designations and quality levels have been introduced (see quality system):

  • Vino (formerly Namizno Vino or table wine) = wine
  • PGO = Deželno Vino or country wine
  • ZGP = Kakovostno Vino or quality wine
  • VV z ZGP = Vrhunsko Vino or top wine / predicate wine
  • PTP = Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje or traditional wine

PGO (Priznano Geografsko Oznaka)
recognised geographical designation)

Wine made from fully ripe grapes, natural alcohol content max. 8.5% vol, maximum yield 120 h/ha, sensory and analytical testing required.

ZGP (Zaščitenim Geografskim Poreklom)
Protected geographical origin

The use of quality wine grape varieties and specific vineyards are required, fully ripe grapes, natural alcohol content of 8.5% vol (9.5% vol in wine-growing zone CII), maximum yield of 80 hl/ha, sensory and analytical testing required, official tasting must achieve 16.1 out of 20 points.

VV z ZGP (Vrhunsko Vino z Zaščitenim Geografskim Poreklom)
Top wine of protected geographical origin

This corresponds to a Prädikat wine. In addition to the basic criteria, the following conditions apply Declared grape harvest, no enrichment and no additives permitted, no deacidification. At least 18.1 out of 20 points must be achieved in official tastings. Additional designations/wine types listed:

  • Pozna Trgatev = late harvest (overripe or botrytised; to 92 °Oe)
  • Izbor = Auslese (overripe or botrytised; to 108 °Oe)
  • Jagodni Izbor = Beerenauslese (overripe or botrytised; at 128 °Oe)
  • Suhi Jagodni Izbor = Trockenbeerenauslese (overripe or botrytised; at 154 °Oe)
  • Ledeno Vino = Ice wine (naturally frozen at harvest, at 128 °Oe)
  • Slamno Vino (Vino iz Sušenega Grozdja) = Straw wine (dried on reed mats)

PTP (Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje)
recognised traditional designation)

Wines produced according to traditional methods with protection of geographical origin. There are only four of these: Belokranjec, Cviček, Kras Teran and Metliska Crnina.

Special wine designations/types

  • Arhivsko Vino = archive wine (matured for 2 years in barrel and 2 bottles; at 83 °Oe)
  • Mlado Vino = young wine (marketed 30 days after harvest until 31 January of the following year)
  • Kakovostno Peneče Vino, Penina = sparkling wine or quality sparkling wine

Map of Slovenia: © Goruma
Flag: by User:Achim1999, Public domain, Link
Coat of arms: by Achim1999, Public domain, Link
Map of wine-growing regions: By Agne27 from Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, link edited by Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer - May 2019

In this section you will find
currently 165,711 Wines and 25,036 Producers, including 3,204 classified producers.
Rating system find+buy Tasting samples Editorial schedule