The region with the capital Bologna is located in the north of Italy. It extends from the Adriatic Sea in the east with the area of Romagna to the inland area of Emilia in the west. In the north, the Po River forms the border with the region of Lombardy, in the south the Apennines form the almost 300 kilometre long border with the regions of Liguria and Tuscany. The western part of Emilia was divided into the duchies of Parma and Modena, which were a constant bone of contention between the Habsburgs and the Bourbons. The name derives from the Via Aemilia, which was built by the Romans in 187 B.C. to connect the two cities of Piacenza and Rimini.
The eastern part of Romagna belonged to the Papal States for several centuries, but the original name Romania dates back to the Longobard period. Today, numerous agricultural products are produced in the extremely fertile Po Valley. Around Modena, the famous balsamic vinegar is produced according to a centuries-old tradition. The two provinces of Reggio Emilia and Parma are home to the equally famous Parmigiano Reggiano cheese, the genuine Parmesan cheese of protected origin.
The Emilia area is known for its Frizzante and Spumante, the sparkling or sparkling red and rosé wines from different Lambrusco varieties, which are mostly produced as palatable and young to drink mass wines. However, the quality has improved considerably due to stricter DOC regulations. In Romagna, the red wines from Sangiovese in particular dominate the style. The nine IGT areas (or IGP - the land wines) of the region are Bianco di Castelfranco Emilia, Emilia or dell'Emilia, Forlì, Fortana del Taro, Ravenna, Rubicone, Sillaro or Bianco del Sillaro, Terre di Veleja and Val Tidone. The first white wine classified as DOCG in Italy was the Albana di Romagna. The 21 DOC/DOCG zones account for about 25% of production: