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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Description to Alto Adige

The northern area of the Italian double region Trentino-South Tyrol; the southern area is Trentino. The Italian name is Alto Adige. It corresponds geographically to the Autonomous Province of Bolzano (Italian: Bolzano). The Rhaeto-Romans planted the first vineyards here as early as 1,000 BC, making South Tyrol one of the oldest German-speaking wine-growing regions. Here the Romans learned from the Celts how to use wooden wine barrels for storage and transport. In the Middle Ages, viticulture reached its peak. The German emperors who went to Rome for their coronation got to know and appreciate South Tyrolean wine on their travels. A decline occurred from the end of the 19th century, as in many other wine-growing regions, due to phylloxera and mildew. After the First World War, when South Tyrol was annexed to Italy in 1919, the northern sales markets were lost. After the loss of quality in the 1980s due to the marketing of mass-produced wines, there was now a return to top quality.

Südtirol - Rebanlage bei Bozen in traditionellere Pergola-Erziehung und Tscherms bei Meran

The vineyards cover 5,500 hectares of vineyards at mainly 500 to 1,000 metres above sea level. The vineyards are often on terraced slopes and hills in the Etschtal (Valdadige) between Meran (Merano) and Salurn (Salorno) and in the Eisacktal between Bozen (Bolzano) and Brixen (Bressanone), with smaller vineyards in the Vinschgau, formerly also Vintschgau (Valle Venosta). At the bottom of the valley there is only the Lagrein area of Gries (San Quierino) and the white wine area of Salurn. The traditional vine training pergola is still widespread here. In the Adige Valley the soils consist of gravelly alluvial gravel, on the slopes of weathered scree with a high lime content. A continental climate prevails with warm summers and cold winters with relatively large temperature fluctuations. There are two DOC areas:

Lake C aldaro- Lago di Caldaro (also Caldaro).
The DOC area comprises the municipalities around the eponymous Lake Caldaro, although some villages from the Trentino area are also included.

South Tyrol (also South Tyrol) - Alto Ad ige (also dell'Alto Adige)
The DOC zone covers the entire region of South Tyrol. There are also six subzones that may be indicated on the label in German and/or Italian:

There are two IGT areas. The Mitterberg area is located in South Tyrol (Alto Adige); the cross-province area Weinberg Dolomiten or Vigneti delle Dolomiti consists of vineyards in the provinces of Bolzano (Bolzano) and Trento (Trento).

Südtiroler - Weinberge bei Tramin im Bozner Unterland

There are many small winegrowers, most of whom are organised in one of the many winegrowers' cooperatives with about two-thirds of the production and deliver grapes. Well-known wineries in South Tyrol are Ansitz Waldgries, Arunda Reiterer, Baron Di Pauli, Baron Longo, Bergmannhof, Bessererhof, Brigl, Brunnenhof Mazzon, Cantina Kal tern (Kaltern Winery), Carlotto, Castelfeder, Castel Sallegg, Dipoli Peter, Ebnerhof, Egger-Ramer, Eichenstein, Eisacktaler Kellerei, Elena Walch - Castel Ringberg & Castelaz, Erbhof Unterganzner, Garlider, Glögglhof, Griesbauerhof, Gummerhof, Gump Hof, Haas Franz, Haderburg, Happacherhof, Kandlerhof, Kellerei an der Salurner Klause, Kellerei Andrian, Kellerei Bozen, Kellerei Girlan, Kellerei Kurtatsch, Kellerei Meran, Kellerei Terlan, Kellerei Tramin, K. Martini & Sohn, Kobler Armin, Köfelgut - Martin Pohl, Kornell, Kössler, Lageder Alois, Larcherhof - Familie Spögler, Laimburg, Lieselehof, Loacker Schwarhof, H. Lun, Manincor, Maso Thaler, Messnerhof, Muri-Gries, Nals Margreid, Niedermayr Josef, Niedermayr Thomas Hof Gandberg, Niklaserhof, Obermoser - Thomas Rottensteiner, Pfannenstielhof, Pichler Thomas, Plonerhof - Erhard & Herta Tutzer, Popphof, Pranzegg - Martin Gojer, Ritterhof, Peter Sölva & Söhne, Pfitscher, Rottensteiner Hans, Englar Castle, Schmid-Oberrautner, Schreckbichl, Stachlburg, St . Michael-Eppan, St. Pauls Kellerei, Tiefenbrunner, Tröpfltalhof, Unterhofer, Unterortl, Weger Josef, Zöhlhof - Josef Unterfrauner and Zollweghof - Franz Pfeifhofer. Many of them are members of the winegrowers' association Freie Weinbauern Südtirol.

Bolzano: By User:Mattes - Own work, Public domain, Link
Tscherms: By Benreis - Own work, CC BY 3.0, Link
Tramin: By Plentn - Own work, CC0, Link

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