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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.


Description to Weinviertel

One of the eight specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. Viticulture was already practised here by the Celts before the birth of Christ. In the municipality of Stillfried, grape seeds of the cultivated vine Vitis vinifera were found and dated to 900 BC. This makes it one of the oldest wine-growing communities in Central Europe, along with Zagersdorf in Burgenland. The typical Weinviertel wine is named Brünnerstraßler after an old trade route from Vienna to Brno in the Czech Republic. The gently hilly area north of the Danube borders the Czech Republic in the north and stretches from the Manhartsberg in the west to the border with Slovakia in the east.

Weinviertel - Falkenstein mit der Burg Falkenstein und Weingärten


The Weinviertel is not a closed area, however, but consists of many vineyard islands, some of them small. In former times it was divided into two areas. The eastern area Falkenstein begins in the south near Vienna. The most important wine-growing communities with the best-known vineyards are Bisamberg (Gabrissen, Jungenberg, Wiesthalen), Bockfliess, Falkenstein (Alsen, Eckartsberg, Kreuzberg, Rabenstein, Rosenberg), Enzersfeld (Sandtal), Gänserndorf, Herrnbaumgarten, Katzelsdorf, Kleinhadersdorf (Birthal, Bockgärten, Hochenleiten), Korneuburg, Langenzersdorf, Mannersdorf, Matzen, Mistelbach, Münichsthal (Seewansche Lagen), Poysbrunn, Poysdorf (Bürsting, Hermannschachern, Kirchbergen, Saurüsseln, Weiße Bergen), Schrattenberg, Stetten (Haidviertel, Hundsleiten, Mitterviertel, Neuberg, Zeiseneck), Wetzelsdorf, Wolkersdorf and Zistersdorf.

Weinviertel - Retz mit Weingärten

Retz & Mailberg

The area to the west Retz extends from the municipality of Großriedenthal in the south to the namesake municipality of Retz in the north. The most important wine-growing communities are Eggenburg, Frauendorf, Haugsdorf, Hohenwarth-Mühlbach, Hollabrunn, Kleinhaugsdorf, Limberg, Maissau, Mühlbach am Manhartsberg, Ravelsbach, Retz with Oberretzbach, Mitterretzbach and Unterretzbach (Altenberg, Klafel, Satzen, Züngel), Röschitz, Ruppersthal, Schrattenthal, Sitzendorf and Ziersdorf. The vineyards of the Mailberg with the vineyard Hundschupfen form a very special climatic island.

Weinviertel - Talkessel von Mailberg mit Weingärten

Soil type & climate

The soil types are very diverse due to the very widely spread area, but loess, loam, primary rock and black earth soils dominate. The climate is continental, with a Pannonian influence only in the far east. The summers are predominantly hot and dry and the winters cold. The vineyards are situated between 200 and 250 metres above sea level. The best vineyards are in locations with a particularly favourable microclimate, these are Bisamberg, Falkenstein, Mailberg and Retz. In 2001, the "Weinviertel Wine Route" was founded to promote wine and cultural tourism. Over a length of more than 130 kilometres, 150 municipalities with more than 500 winegrowing enterprises are involved.

Weinviertel - Karte mit den Rebflächen

Grape variety list

In 2015, vineyards covered 13,858 hectares of vineyards. With about 30% of Austria's total area, the Weinviertel is by far the largest wine-growing region. Compared to 2009 with 13,356 hectares, this was almost identical. The share of red wine varieties is 24.4%, the share of white wine varieties 75.6%. The Grüner Veltliner dominates with almost half, which is why the area is also called "Veltliner-Land".

Grape variety - Austrian
Main name
officially permitted in Austria
Colour Hectare
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 6.672 48,1 6.221
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 1.638 11,8 1.466
Welschriesling - white 1.091 7,8 1.123
Blue Portugieser - red 865 6,2 1.083
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 562 4,1 486
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 546 3,9 589
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 443 3.2 467
Blauburger - red 383 2,8 439
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 271 2,0 203
Common set white - white 170 1,2 290
Muscat Blanc Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 170 1,2 93
Frühroter Veltliner Malvasia white 142 1,0 163
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 119 0,9 76
Merlot - red 106 0,8 85
St. Laurent - red 85 0,6 79
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 74 0,5 69
Common set red - red 72 0,5 9
Roter Veltliner - white 66 0,5 75
Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir red 64 0,5 50
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 48 0,3 40
Roesler - red 46 0,3 36
Neuburger - white 43 0,3 48
Muscat Ottonel - white 41 0,3 37
Scheurebe seedling 88 white 32 0,2 32
Blaufränkisch - red 28 0,2 26
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 15 0,1 11
Goldburger - white 9,6 0,1 10,5
Bouvier - white 9,5 0,1 10,6
Syrah Shiraz red 8,2 0,1 3,7
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 7,7 0,1 7,2
Rathay - red 6,6 - 3,8
Cabernet Franc - red 2,4 - 2,5
Rotgipfler - white 2,3 - 1,8
Zierfandler Late red white 1,4 - 1
Jubilee Vine - white 0,9 - 1,5
Furmint - white 0,1 - -
Blue Wildbacher - red 0,1 - -
and. white varieties - white 28,7 0,2 19
other red varieties - red 4,6 - 2,3
WHITE SORT 10.476 75,6 10.004
RED SORT 3.382 24,4 3.352
TOTAL 13.858 100 13.356

DAC system

Starting with the 2002 vintage, the origin-controlled Weinviertel DAC quality level was introduced. It was the first Austrian wine-growing region to follow the new origin-oriented DAC system. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Lower Austria, the country wines under the winegrowing region designation Weinland. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions, the following rules apply in particular in a two-level hierarchy:

Classic: The wine must have been prepared from Grüner Veltliner. It must be dry with a maximum of 6 g/l residual sugar (standard for dry would be 9 g/l). The alcohol content must be at least 12% or (from the 2010 vintage) a maximum of 12.5% by volume, and in exceptional years declared by decision of the regional committee also 13% by volume. Typical characteristics are a pale yellow to greenish yellow colour, a typical varietal bouquet and a fruity, spicy, peppery taste. The wine must have neither a botrytis note nor a woody note (toast aroma) and must not have a one-sided alcoholic taste. The indication of a Großlage is not permitted; a municipality and a vineyard may be indicated as smaller geographical units. An application for the national test number may be submitted as of 1 January of the year following the harvest. However, in the case of a positive decision, marketing may not take place before 1 March of that year.

Reserve: This level for stronger wines was only introduced with the 2009 vintage. The wine must have a dense structure with a long attack. A delicate hint of botrytis or wood is permissible. The existing alcohol content must be at least 13% vol. Bottling must take place within the production facility and in the Weinviertel. The bottles must be provided with a specific capsule. Grapes, but not must, may be purchased. An application to obtain the state tasting number may not be submitted before 15 March of the year following the harvest. At least four out of six tasters must agree that the wine complies with the regulations from a sensory point of view.


Well-known producers in the Weinviertel wine-growing region are Baier Herbert, Bannert Manfred, Bauer Christoph, Bauer Norbert, Baumgartner Wolfgang, Diem Gerald, Diem Johann, Dietzl Georg, Dommaier, Dürnberg, Eichberger Gotthard, Eminger Wilhelm, Faber-Köchl, Fabianek, Fidesser, Frank Harald, Girsch, Greilinger Reinhard, Gruber Ewald, Hagenbüchl Fritz, Hagn Wolfgang, Hahn Paul, Haindl-Erlacher, Hebenstreit Manfred, Hirtl Martin, Hofbauer Ludwig, Hofbauer-Schmidt, Hofkellerei Stiftung Fürst Liechtenstein, Humer Andreas, H&M Hofer, Ipsmiller Konrad, Klein Julius, Laurenz V., Laurer, Leberwurst, Lobner Gerhard, Maurer Leopold, Minkowitsch Josef, Minkowitsch Roland, Mrozowski, Oberschil-Rieger, Pfaffl Roman, Pleil Christian, Pollerhof, Prechtl Franz, Pröll Andreas, Pröglhöf, Reinthaler Ernst, Respiz-Hof Kölbl, Rittler Leopold, Rücker Edmund, Ruttenstock, Salomon Josef, Scheit Bernhard, Schlossweingut Bockfliess, Schlossweingut Graf Hardegg, Schlossweingut Malteser Ritterorden, Schneider Gerald, Schuckert Rainer, Schulz Werner, Schwarzböck, Schwarz family, Seher Wolfgang, Seifried, Setzer Hans, Sonnenhügel, Späth Benjamin, Stadler Johannes, Stift Franz, Stopfer Franz, Studeny Herbert, Sutter Doris & Leopold, Taubenschuss Helmut, Toifl Georg, Uibel Leopold, Walek Gerhard, Wannemacher Josef, Weber Willi, Weineck Martin, Weingartshofer Franz, Weinrieder, Weinwurm Georg, Wenzl Heribert, Woditschka Rudolf, Zeilinger-Wagner, Zens Josef, Zillinger Herbert, Zillinger Johannes, Zöchmann Reinhard and Zull Phillip.

Pictures: © ÖWM - Gerhard Trumler and Egon Mark

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