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Wine regions in Franconia/Franken 3 growing regions

Description to Franconia/Franken

The growing region is located on the northern edge of the federal state of Bavaria in Germany and is crossed by the River Main in a large W-shape. A special feature is that the Bavarian vineyards on Lake Constance around Lindau belong to the Württemberg wine-growing region. The vineyards cover 6,130 hectares, most of which extend between Aschaffenburg and Schweinfurt. All are planted on south-facing valley slopes on the banks of the Main or in side valleys of its tributaries. It is an ancient wine-growing region, as evidenced by a deed of gift from 777 to the monastery of Fulda, to which the royal estate of Hammelburg with eight vineyards (Saaleck Castle with Schlossberg) was granted. A description of the area between Randersacker and Würzburg dated 14 October 779 by Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) is documented.

The centre of Franconia is not only the baroque city of Würzburg from a viticultural point of view, where one of the most famous German single vineyards, the "Würzburger Stein", is located. A common saying in the Middle Ages was "Franconian wine is sick wine". The writer Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935) described Franconian wine as "deep and pure like the sound of a bell". The climate is continental with dry, warm summers and cold winters. Over 40% of the wines are bottled in Bocksbeutel. This type of bottle is legally protected for Franconian quality wines and a wine route is named after it. An important Franconian winegrowing pioneer was the vineyard owner Sebastian Englerth (1804-1880).

Karte vom Anbaugebiet Franken

Areas, municipalities and vineyards

Franconia used to be divided into the three areas of Maindreieck, Mainviereck and Steigerwald with 23 large vineyards and 216 individual vineyards. In November 2011, the members of the Franconian Winegrowers' Association decided on a new system. The three old areas will be replaced by 12 much smaller ones. These will also replace the 23 large vineyards in the medium to long term. The old areas once played a role in the predominant marketing of Franconian table wine, but had lost this role some time ago. The 12 new areas correspond to the PDO wine designation (protected designation of origin), which has been in force since 2009:

Main - Flussverlauf mit Maindreieck und Mainviereck

Abt Degen Weintal
The area named after Alberich Degen (1625-1686), the abbot of the Cistercian monastery of Ebrach, lies between Haßfurt and Bamberg in the north-east of the Steigerwald and on the southern edge of the Haßberge. The vineyards cover 115 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Bamberg: Alter Graben, Michaelsberg
  • Eltmann: Schlossleite
  • Haßfurt: Henneberg
  • Knetzgau-Oberschwappach: Sommertal
  • Krum: Himmelreich
  • Sand am Main: Himmelsbühl, Kronberg
  • Schmachtenberg: Eulenberg
  • Staffelbach: Spitzelberg
  • Steinbach: Nonnenberg
  • Unfinden: Kinnleitenberg
  • Unterhaid: Röthla
  • Weiher: Vineyards
  • Zeil am Main: Mönchshang, Pfarrerspflöckn
  • Ziegelanger: Ölschnabel

Alzenau wine region
The area includes the vineyards of the city of Aschaffenburg incl. OT Damm and OT Obernau, the city of Alzenau incl. OT Hörstein, OT Wasserlos, OT Michelbach and OT Dörsthofe, the market town of Hösbach incl. OT Rottenberg. The vineyards cover 90 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Aschaffenburg: Badberg, Godelsberg, Pompejaner
  • Hörstein: Abtsberg, Reuschberg (Großlage)
  • Dorsthöfe: Aloisengarten
  • Michelbach: Aloisengarten, Apostelgarten, Steinberg
  • Obernau: Sanderberg
  • Rottenberg: Gräfenstein
  • Wasserlos: Lohmännchen, Schlossberg

Churfranken
The area stretches along the River Main, from Großostheim in the north to Weilbach in the south, and from Großostheim in the west to Dorfprozelten in the east. The vineyards cover 255 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Bürgstadt: Centgrafenberg, Hundsrück, Mainhölle
  • Dorfprozelten: Predigtstuhl
  • Engelberg: Klostergarten
  • Erlenbach am Main: Hochberg
  • Großheubach: Bischofsberg, Mainhölle, Steingrübler
  • Großostheim: Harstell, Reischklingeberg
  • Großwallstadt: Lützeltalerberg
  • Klingenberg am Main: Einsiedel, Hochberg, Schlossberg
  • Miltenberg: Steingrübler
  • Mömlingen: Orlis
  • Röllbach: Deutschordensberg
  • Rück: Jesuitenberg, Johannisberg, Schalk
  • Wörth am Main: Campestres, Galgenbuckel

Franconia's Saalestück
The Franconian Saalestück area stretches along the Franconian Saale with the town of Hammelburg and its districts in the centre. It stretches from Obererthal (north) to Hammelburg (south) and from Obereschenbach (west) to Ramsthal (east). The vineyards cover 155 hectares. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Elfershausen: Schlossberg
  • Engenthal: Schlossberg
  • Feuerthal: Altenberg, Kreuz
  • Fuchsstadt: Rubenhöll
  • Hammelburg: Altenberg, Heroldsberg, Trautlestal
  • Machtilshausen: Sommerleite
  • Ramsthal: St Klausen
  • Saaleck: Schlossberg
  • Sulzthal: Schlangenberg, St. Klausen
  • Westheim: Altenberg, Längberg
  • Wirmsthal: Scheinberg

Main Himmelreich
The area stretches from Marktheidenfeld in the north to Neubrunn, OT Böttigheim, in the south and from Kreuzwertheim in the west to Uettingen in the east. The vineyards cover 125 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Böttigheim: Wurmberg
  • Erlenbach near Marktheidenfeld: Krähenschnabel
  • Homburg am Main: Edelfrau, Kallmuth
  • Kreuzwertheim: Kaffelstein
  • Lengfurt: Alter Berg, Oberrot
  • Marktheidenfeld: Kreuzberg
  • Remlingen: Krähenschnabel, Sonnenhain
  • Uettingen: Kirchberg

Main south
The area can be described as a triangle with the corner points of Würzburg, Frickenhausen am Main and Mainstockheim. It also includes the areas along the Tauber. The vineyards cover over 1,300 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Albertshofen: Hergottsweg
  • Aub: Lämmerberg
  • Buchbrunn: Heißer Stein
  • Eibelstadt: Mönchsleite, Kapellenberg, Steinbach
  • Frickenhausen: Fischer, Kapellenberg
  • Gerbrunn: Hummelberg
  • Kitzingen: Eherieder Berg, Eselsberg, Wilhelmsberg
  • Kleinochsenfurt: Herrenberg
  • Mainstockheim: Berg-Rondell, Hofstück
  • Marktbreit: Sonnenberg
  • Martinsheim: Langenstein
  • Obernbreit: Pulpit
  • Randersacker: Dabug, Lämmerberg, Marsberg, Pfülben, Sonnenstuhl, Teufelskeller
  • Repperndorf: Kaiser Karl
  • Röttingen: Feuerstein
  • Segnitz: Pfaffensteig, Zobelsberg
  • Sickershausen: Storchenbrünnle
  • Sommerhausen: Reifenstein, Steinbach
  • Sulzfeld am Main: Cyriakusberg (with Berg I), Maustal, Sonnenberg
  • Tauberrettersheim: Königin
  • Theilheim: Altenberg
  • Winterhausen: Kaiser Wilhelm
  • WürzburgAbtsleite, Festungsblick, Innere Leiste, Pfaffenberg, Schlossberg, Stein (with Stein-Harfe)
  • Würzburg-Heidingsfeld: Kirchberg

Middle Franconian Bocksbeutelstraße
The area stretches from Rothenburg ob der Tauber in the south to Neundorf in the north and from Tauberzell in the west to Dietersheim in the east. The vineyards cover over 200 hectares. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Bad Windsheim: Rosenberg
  • Ergersheim: Altenberg
  • Ickelheim: Schlosberg
  • Ingolstadt: Rotenberg
  • Ipsheim: Hoheneck Castle
  • Krassolzheim: Pfaffenberg
  • Markt-Nordheim: Hohenkottenheim
  • Neundorf: Hüßberg, Mönchsbuck, Sonneberg, Wonne, Rothenburg ob der Tauber: Eich
  • Tauberzell: Hasennestle
  • Ulsenheim: Huttenberg
  • Weimersheim: Roter Berg

Middle Main
The area stretches along the River Main from Gemünden am Main in the north to Veitshöchheim in the south, with the westernmost extension near Greußenheim and the easternmost near Arnstein. The vineyards cover 760 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Adelsberg: Wernleite
  • Erlabrunn: Weinsteig
  • Eußenheim: First
  • Gambach: Kalbenstein
  • Gemünden am Main: Scherenberg
  • Gössenheim: Homburg
  • Greußenheim: Geisberg
  • Güntersleben: Sommerstuhl
  • Halsheim: Bischofsberg
  • Heugrumbach: Bischofsberg
  • Himmelstadt: Kelter
  • Karlstadt: Im Stein
  • Laudenbach: Castle
  • Leinach: Himmelberg
  • Margetshöchheim: Bärental
  • Müdesheim: Bischofsberg
  • Mühlbach: Fronberg
  • Oberleinach: Himmelberg, Weinsteig
  • Retzbach: Benediktusberg
  • Retzstadt: Langenberg (with vineyards Der Schäfer and Himmelspfad)
  • Reuchelheim: Bischofsberg
  • Rimpar: Kobersberg
  • Stetten: Stein
  • Thüngersheim: Johannisberg( Rothlauf vineyard ), Scharlachberg
  • Veitshöchheim: Sonnenschein, Wölflein
  • Wiesenfeld: Herbstthal
  • Zellingen: Sonnleite

Schwanberger Land
The area is bordered by the towns and municipalities of Tiefenstockheim (south-west), Mainbernheim, Rödelsee, Großlangheim, Kleinlangheim (north-west), Rüdenhausen, Abtswind (north-east), Castell OT Greuth and Markt Einersheim (south-east). Within this area are the town of Iphofen including Possenheim and the municipalities of Castell and Wiesenbronn. The vineyards cover 735 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

Volkacher Mainschleife
The area begins in the south near Dettelbach, includes the "wine island" with the municipalities of Nordheim am Main and Sommerach and ends in the north near Wipfeld. The vineyards cover around 2,000 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

Franken - Escherndorf Volkacher Mainschleife

  • Astheim: Karthäuser
  • Bergtheim: Harfenspiel
  • Dettelbach: Berg-Rondell, Sonnenleite
  • Escherndorf: Berg, Fürstenberg, Lump
  • Frankenwinheim: Rosenberg
  • Gaiberg: Kapellenberg, castle park
  • Hallburg: Kreuzberg, Rosenberg, Schlossberg
  • Krautheim: Sonnenleite
  • Lindach: Kreuzpfad
  • Mainberg: Schlossberg
  • Neuses am Berg: Glatzen
  • Nordheim: Kreuzberg, Vögelein
  • Obereisenheim: Höll
  • Obervolkach: Landsknecht
  • Rimberg: Landsknecht
  • Schwanfeld: Mühlberg
  • Schwarzenau: Rosengarten
  • Schweinfurt: Mainleite, Peterstirn
  • Sommerach: Katzenkopf, Rosenberg
  • Stammheim: Eselsberg
  • Untereisenheim: Berg, Sonnenberg
  • Vogelsburg: Gate
  • Volkach: Karthäuser, Ratsherr
  • Waigolshausen (OT Theilheim): Mainleite
  • Wipfeld: tithe count
  • Zeilitzheim: Heiligenberg

Steigerwald wine panorama
The southernmost town in the area is Prichsenstadt, the northernmost Donnersdorf. The widest extension is at the level of Gerolzhofen (west) and Michelau im Steigerwald (east). The vineyards cover 250 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Altmannsdorf: Sonnenwinkel
  • Dingolshausen: Köhler
  • Falkenstein: Falkenberg
  • Gerolzhofen: Arlesgarten, Köhler
  • Handthal: Stollberg
  • Kammerforst: Teufel
  • Kirchschönbach: Mariengarten
  • Michelau: Vollburg
  • Mönchstockheim: Mönchberg
  • Oberschwarzach: Herrenberg
  • Prichsenstadt: Krone
  • Wiebelsberg: Dachs

Wine paradise
The area lies on the western edge of the Steigerwald Nature Park. The vineyards cover around 285 hectares. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Bullenheim: Paradies
  • Hüttenheim: Tannenberg
  • Ippesheim: Herrschaftsberg
  • Seinsheim: Hohenbühl
  • Weigenheim: Hohenlandsberg

List of grape varieties

There were no major changes compared to 2009. The proportion of red wine varieties has fallen slightly in line with the general trend. Although Müller-Thurgau, which was first planted here in Retzstadt in 1925, is still in first place, its share has fallen from 42% to 25% in the last 20 years. The second place of Grüner Silvaner, known as "Franconia's King", has remained unchanged. The status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

Grape variety
German Main name
In Germany
common synonyms
Colour Hectare
2018
%-
Ant
hectare
2009
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling-Sylvaner white 1.538 25,1 1.809
Grüner Silvaner Silvaner, Sylvaner white 1.501 24,5 1.301
Bacchus - white 750 12,3 747
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 336 5,5 302
Domina - red 322 5,3 349
Pinot Noir incl. Samtrot Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir red 263 4,3 254
Pinot Blanc Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc white 195 3,2 124
Kerner - white 180 2,9 228
Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 168 2,7 127
Dornfelder - red 139 2,3 155
Regent - red 128 2,1 141
Ruländer Pinot Gris, Pinot Gris white 83 1,4 55
Müllerrebe Black Riesling, Pinot Meunier red 69 1,1 89
Acolon - red 50 0,8 50
Portugieser Blue Portugieser red 50 0,8 72
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewürztraminer white 43 0,7 36
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Silvaner white 36 0,6 9
Rieslaner - white 31 0,5 38
Chardonnay - white 24 0,4 12
Blauer Silvaner - white 22 0,4 11
Cabernet Dorsa - red 18 0,3 21
Blauer Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 16 0,3 16
Frühburgunder Blue Pinot Noir, Clevner red 16 0,3 15
Johanniter - white 16 0,3 11
Ortega - white 16 0,3 22
Yellow Muscat Muscat / Muscat Blanc white 11 0,2 3
Merlot - red 11 0,2 8
pearl - white 8 0,1 18
Cabernet Blanc - white 6 0,1 -
Limberger/Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blauer Limberger red 6 0,1 6
Solaris - white 6 0,1
Viognier white 6 0,1 -
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 4 0,1 3
Faberrebe - white 4 0,1 7
St Laurent - red 4 0,1 4
Cabernet Mitos - red 3 0,1 3
Auxerrois Small Heunisch white 2 - 1
Blue Burger - red 2 - 2
Helios - white 2 - -
Morio-Muscat Morio white 2 - 3
Muscaris - white 2 - -
Dove black Blue pendulous red 2 - 2
Albalonga - white 1 - 3
Cabernet Cubin - red 1 - 1
Cabernet Dorio - red 1 - 1
Gold muscatel - white 1 - -
Grüner Veltliner White plum white 1 - 0
Huxelrebe - white 1 - 1
Chancellor - white 1 - 1
Merzling - white 1 - 1
Phoenix - white 1 - 0
Pinot - red 1 - -
Rondo - red 1 - -
Schönburger - white 1 -
Würzer - white 1 - 1
Bronner - white 0 - 0
Cabernet Carol - red 0 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 0 - 1
Bronner - white 0 - 0
Cabernet Franc - red 0 - 0
Cabertin - red 0 - -
Dakapo - red 0 - 0
Cover red - red 0 - 0
Dark fields - red 0 - 0
Ehrenfelser - white 0 - 1
Gold Riesling - white 0 - -
Helfensteiner - white 0 - 1
centre core - white 0 - -
Malvasia Frühroter Veltliner white 0 - -
Monarch - red 0 - -
Muscat Ottonel - white 0 - -
Optima Optima 113 white 0 - 2
Palas - red 0 - 0
Prior - red 0 - -
Red Muscat Muscat Blanc, Muscat white 0 - -
Sauvignier Gris - white 0 - -
Champion vine - white 0 - 0
Syrah Shiraz red 0 - -
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger white 0 - -
White Gutedel Chasselas, Gutedel white 0 - 0
Fontanara - white - - 1
Mariensteiner - white - - 1
Osteine - white - - 0
Pearl from Zala Zala Gyöngye white - - 0
Headmaster - white - - 0
other white varieties - white 18 0,3 27
other red varieties - red 3 0,1 5
WHITE VARIETIES 5.018 81,9 4.904
RED VARIETIES 1.112 18,1 1.200
TOTAL 6.130 100 6.104


Producers

Well-known producers in the Franconian wine-growing region include Arnold Wilhelm, Baldauf, Bernard Philip, Bickel-Stumpf, Blendel Michael, Bocksbeutel-Hof, Braun Heinz, Braun Waldemar, Brennfleck, Breunig, Brügel Harald, Bürgerspital, Burrlein, Dahms, Deppisch Johannes, DIVINO Nordheim Thüngersheim, Emmerich Werner, Erhard Walter, Felshof - Wenninger, Fendt Weinfamilie, Fischer Joachim, Fröhlich Clemens, Fröhlich Michael, Fürstlich Castell'sches Domänenamt, Fürst Löwenstein, Fürst Rudolf, Giegerich, Göbel Martin, Grebner - Der Patrizierhof, Gunther Harald, Hart Privat-Weingut, H. Deppisch, Hemberger Roland, Höfler Bernd, Höfling Klaus, Hofmann Alois, Hofmann Helmut & Bernd, Hofmann Mario, Ilmbacher Hof, Juliusspital, Krämer Hermann & Stephan, Kreglinger, Kremers Winzerhof, LandArt, Leininger Walter, Max Müller I, May Rudolf, Meier Markus, Ottenbreit, Reiss Christian, Reus Florian, Römmert, Rothe Manfred, Roth Gerhard, Ruck Johann, Rudloff, Ruppert, Sauer Horst, Sauer Rainer, Schäffer Egon, Schloss Sommerhausen, Schmachtenberger Berthold, Schmidt Frank & Lukas, Schmitts Kinder, Schwab Thomas, Staatlicher Hofkeller Würzburg, Stahl Albrecht, Steinmann Artur, Steintal, Stich Gerhard, Störrlein, Stritzinger, Trockene Schmitts, Walter Josef, Weigand, Weingut Am Lump, Weingut Am Stein, Weinmanufaktur 3 Zeilen, Wein von 3, Weltner Paul, Wengerter Rainer, Winzerfamilie Koch, Winzer Sommerach, Wirsching Hans, Wörners Schloss, Zang Otmar, Zehnthof Familie Luckert, Zehnthof Familie Weickert, Zehntkeller Iphofen and Zur Schwane. Around 80% of Bavarian winegrowers are organised in the Franconian Winegrowers' Ring. Frank & Frei is a large winegrowers' association with many member companies.

Map: DWI (German Wine Institute)
Main: By Lencer - own work, in Co-Operation with DieBuche, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
Escherndorf: DWI (German Wine Institute )

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