wein.plus
Attention
You are using an old browser that may not function as expected. For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member

Regions

Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Wine regions in Franconia/Franken 3 growing regions

Description to Franconia/Franken

The growing region lies on the northern edge of the state of Bavaria in Germany and is crossed by the Main river in a large W-shape. A special feature is that the Bavarian vineyards on Lake Constance around Lindau belong to the Württemberg growing region. The vineyards cover 6,130 hectares, most of which stretch between Aschaffenburg and Schweinfurt. All are planted on south-facing valley slopes on the banks of the Main River or in side valleys of its tributaries. It is an ancient wine-growing region, as evidenced by a deed of gift from 777 to the Fulda monastery, to which the royal estate of Hammelburg with eight vineyards (Schloss Saaleck with Schlossberg) was assigned. Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) documented a description of the area between Randersacker and Würzburg on 14 October 779.

The centre of Franconia, not only from a viticultural point of view, is the baroque city of Würzburg, where one of the most famous German single vineyards, the "Würzburger Stein", is located. A common saying in the Middle Ages was "Franconian wine is sick wine". The writer Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935) found Franconian wine to be "deep and pure as the sound of a bell". The climate is continental with dry, warm summers and cold winters. Over 40% of the wines are bottled in Bocksbeutel. This bottle shape is legally protected for Franconian quality wines and a wine route is named after it. An important Franconian winegrowing pioneer was the vineyard owner Sebastian Englerth (1804-1880).

Karte vom Anbaugebiet Franken

Areas, communities and vineyards

Franconia used to be divided into the three areas of Maindreieck, Mainviereck and Steigerwald with 23 large vineyards and 216 individual vineyards. In November 2011, the members of the Franconian Winegrowers' Association decided on a new arrangement. The three old areas will be replaced by 12 much smaller ones. These will also replace the 23 large vineyards in the medium to long term. The old areas once played a role in the predominant marketing of Franconian table wine, but they had lost that role some time ago. The 12 new areas correspond mutatis mutandis to the PDO (protected designation of origin) wine designation that has been valid since 2009:

Main - Flussverlauf mit Maindreieck und Mainviereck

Abbot Degen Wine Valley
The area named after Alberich Degen (1625-1686), the abbot of the Cistercian monastery of Ebrach, is located between Haßfurt and Bamberg in the north-east of the Steigerwald and on the southern edge of the Haßberge. The vineyards cover 115 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Bamberg: Alter Graben, Michaelsberg
  • Eltmann: Schlossleite
  • Haßfurt: Henneberg
  • Knetzgau-Oberschwappach: Summer Valley
  • Krum: Himmelreich
  • Sand am Main: Himmelsbühl, Kronberg
  • Schmachtenberg: Eulenberg
  • Staffelbach: Spitzelberg
  • Steinbach: Nonnenberg
  • Unfinden: Kinnleitenberg
  • Unterhaid: Röthla
  • Weiher: Vineyards
  • Zeil am Main: Mönchshang, Pfarrerspflöckn
  • Ziegelanger: Oil beak

Alzenau wine region
The area comprises the vineyards of the town of Aschaffenburg incl. OT Damm and OT Obernau, the town of Alzenau incl. OT Hörstein, OT Wasserlos, OT Michelbach and OT Dörsthofe, the market town of Hösbach incl. OT Rottenberg. The vineyards cover 90 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Aschaffenburg: Badberg, Godelsberg, Pompejaner
  • Hörstein: Abtsberg, Reuschberg (Großlage)
  • Dorsthöfe: Aloisengarten
  • Michelbach: Aloisengarten, Apostelgarten, Steinberg
  • Obernau: Sanderberg
  • Rottenberg: Gräfenstein
  • Wasserlos: Lohmännchen, Schlossberg

Churfranken
The area stretches along the Main River, from Großostheim in the north to Weilbach in the south, and from Großostheim in the west to Dorfprozelten in the east. The vineyards cover 255 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Bürgstadt: Centgrafenberg, Hundsrück, Mainhölle
  • Dorfprozelten: Predigtstuhl
  • Engelberg: Klostergarten
  • Erlenbach am Main: Hochberg
  • Großheubach: Bischofsberg, Mainhölle, Steingrübler
  • Großostheim: Harstell, Reischklingeberg
  • Großwallstadt: Lützeltalerberg
  • Klingenberg on the Main: Einsiedel, Hochberg, Schlossberg
  • Miltenberg: Steingrübler
  • Mömlingen: Orlis
  • Röllbach: Deutschordensberg
  • Rück: Jesuitenberg, Johannisberg, Schalk
  • Wörth am Main: Campestres, Galgenbuckel

Frankens Saalestück
The area of Frankens Saalestück stretches along the Franconian Saale with the town of Hammelburg and its districts at its centre. It extends from Obererthal (north) to Hammelburg (south) and from Obereschenbach (west) to Ramsthal (east). The vineyards cover 155 hectares. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Elfershausen: Schlossberg
  • Engenthal: Schlossberg
  • Feuerthal: Altenberg, Kreuz
  • Fuchsstadt: Rubenhöll
  • Hammelburg: Altenberg, Heroldsberg, Trautlestal
  • Machtilshausen: Sommerleite
  • Ramsthal: St. Klausen
  • Saaleck: Schlossberg
  • Sulzthal: Schlangenberg, St. Klaus en
  • Westheim: Altenberg, Längberg
  • Wirmsthal: Scheinberg

Main Himmelreich
The area extends from Marktheidenfeld in the north to Neubrunn, OT Böttigheim, in the south and from Kreuzwertheim in the west to Uettingen in the east. The vineyards cover 125 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Böttigheim: Wurmberg
  • Erlenbach near Marktheidenfeld: Krähenschnabel (Crow's Beak)
  • Homburg am Main: Edelfrau, Kallmuth
  • Kreuzwertheim: Kaffelstein
  • Lengfurt: Alter Berg, Oberrot
  • Marktheidenfeld: Kreuzberg
  • Remlingen: Krähenschnabel, Sonnenhain
  • Uettingen: Kirchberg

Main South
The area can be described as a triangle with the corner points Würzburg, Frickenhausen am Main and Mainstockheim. It also includes the areas along the Tauber river. The vineyards cover over 1,300 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Albertshofen: Hergottsweg
  • Aub: Lämmerberg
  • Buchbrunn: Heißer Stein
  • Eibelstadt: Mönchsleite, Kapellenberg, Steinbach
  • Frickenhausen: Fischer, Kapellenberg
  • Gerbrunn: Hummelberg
  • Kitzingen: Eherieder Berg, Eselsberg, Wilhelmsberg
  • Kleinochsenfurt: Herrenberg
  • Mainstockheim: Berg-Rondell, Hofstück
  • Marktbreit: Sonnenberg
  • Martinsheim: Langenstein
  • Obernbreit: Pulpit
  • Randersacker: Dabug, Lämmerberg, Marsberg, Pfülben, Sonnenstuhl, Teufelskeller
  • Repperndorf: Emperor Karl
  • Röttingen: Feuerstein
  • Segnitz: Pfaffensteig, Zobelsberg
  • Sickershausen: Stork's well
  • Sommerhausen: Tyre stone, stone brook
  • Sulzfeld am Main: Cyriakusberg (with Berg I), Maustal, Sonnenberg
  • Tauberrettersheim: Queen
  • Theilheim: Altenberg
  • Winterhausen: Kaiser Wilhelm
  • Würzburg Abtsleite, Festungsblick, Innere Leiste, Pfaffenberg, Schlossberg, Stein (with Stein-Harfe)
  • Würzburg-Heidingsfeld: Kirchberg

Middle Franconian Bocksbeutel Road
The area stretches from Rothenburg ob der Tauber in the south to Neundorf in the north and from Tauberzell in the west to Dietersheim in the east. The vineyards cover over 200 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Bad Windsheim: Rosenberg
  • Ergersheim: Altenberg
  • Ickelheim: Schlosberg
  • Ingolstadt: Rotenberg
  • Ipsheim: Hoheneck Castle
  • Krassolzheim: Pfaffenberg
  • Markt-Nordheim: Hohenkottenheim
  • Neundorf: Hüßberg, Mönchsbuck, Sonneberg, Wonne, Rothenburg ob der Tauber: Eich
  • Tauberzell: Hasennestle
  • Ulsenheim: Huttenberg
  • Weimersheim: Red mountain

Middle Main
The area stretches along the Main River from Gemünden am Main in the north to Veitshöchheim in the south, reaching its westernmost extent near Greußenheim and its easternmost extent near Arnstein. The vineyards cover 760 hectares. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Adelsberg: Wernleite
  • Erlabrunn: Weinsteig
  • Eußenheim: First
  • Gambach: Kalbenstein
  • Gemünden am Main: Scherenberg
  • Gössenheim: Homburg
  • Greußenheim: Geisberg
  • Güntersleben: Sommerstuhl
  • Halsheim: Bischofsberg
  • Heugrumbach: Bischofsberg
  • Himmelstadt: Wine press
  • Karlstadt: In the stone
  • Laudenbach: Castle
  • Leinach: Himmelberg
  • Margetshöchheim: Bärental
  • Müdesheim: Bischofsberg
  • Mühlbach: Fronberg
  • Oberleinach: Himmelberg, Weinsteig
  • Retzbach: Benediktusberg
  • Retzstadt: Langenberg (with Der Schäfer and Himmelspfad vineyards )
  • Reuchelheim: Bischofsberg
  • Rimpar: Kobersberg
  • Stetten: Stein
  • Thüngersheim: Johannisberg( Rothlauf vineyard), Scharlachberg
  • Veitshöchheim: Sonnenschein, Wölflein
  • Wiesenfeld: Herbstthal
  • Zellingen: Sonnleite

Schwanberg Land
The area is bounded by the towns and municipalities of Tiefenstockheim (southwest), Mainbernheim, Rödelsee, Großlangheim, Kleinlangheim(northwest), Rüdenhausen, Abtswind (northeast), Castell OT Greuth and Markt Einersheim (southeast). Within this area are the town of Iphofen incl. OT Possenheim and the municipalities of Castell and Wiesenbronn. The vineyards cover 735 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

Volkach Main Loop
The area begins in the south near Dettelbach, includes the "wine island" with the communities of Nordheim am Main and Sommerach, and ends in the north near Wipfeld. The vineyards cover around 2,000 hectares of vines. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

Franken - Escherndorf Volkacher Mainschleife

  • Astheim: Karthäuser
  • Bergtheim: Harfenspiel
  • Dettelbach: Berg-Rondell, Sonnenleite
  • Escherndorf: Berg, Fürstenberg, Lump
  • Frankenwinheim: Rosenberg
  • Gaiberg: Kapellenberg, castle park
  • Hallburg: Kreuzberg, Rosenberg, Schlossberg
  • Krautheim: Sonnenleite
  • Lindach: Cross path
  • Mainberg: Schlossberg
  • Neuses am Berg: Glatzen
  • Nordheim: Kreuzberg, Vögelein
  • Obereisenheim: Höll
  • Obervolkach: Landsknecht
  • Rimberg: Landsknecht
  • Schwanfeld: Mühlberg
  • Schwarzenau: Rose garden
  • Schweinfurt: Mainleite, Peterstirn
  • Sommerach: Katzenkopf, Rosenberg
  • Stammheim: Eselsberg
  • Untereisenheim: Mountain, Sonnenberg
  • Vogelsburg: Gate
  • Volkach: Carthusian, Councilman
  • Waigolshausen (OT Theilheim): Mainleite
  • Wipfeld: tithe count
  • Zeilitzheim: Heiligenberg

Wine panorama Steigerwald
The southernmost town in the area is Prichsenstadt, the northernmost Donnersdorf. The widest extension is at the level of Gerolzhofen (west) and Michelau im Steigerwald (east). The vineyards cover 250 hectares. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Altmannsdorf: Sonnenwinkel
  • Dingolshausen: Köhler
  • Falkenstein: Falkenberg
  • Gerolzhofen: Arlesgarten, Köhler
  • Handthal: Stollberg
  • Kammerforst: Devil
  • Kirchschönbach: Mariengarten
  • Michelau: Vollburg
  • Mönchstockheim: Mönchberg
  • Oberschwarzach: Herrenberg
  • Prichsenstadt: Crown
  • Wiebelsberg: Badger

Wine Paradise
The area lies on the western edge of the Steigerwald Nature Park. The vineyards cover around 285 hectares. The municipalities with their individual vineyards:

  • Bullenheim: Paradies
  • Hüttenheim: Tannenberg
  • Ippesheim: Herrschaftsberg
  • Seinsheim: Hohenbühl
  • Weigenheim: Hohenlandsberg

Grape variety list

There were no major changes compared to 2009. The proportion of red wine varieties has fallen slightly, in line with the general trend. Müller-Thurgau, which was first planted here in Retzstadt in 1925, is still in the lead, but has reduced its share from 42% to 25% over the past 20 years. The second rank of Grüner Silvaner, known as "Franconia's King", remained unchanged. The 2018 status (0 = smaller than 0.5 ha):

Grape variety
dt. Main name
In Germany
common synonyms
Colour Hectare
2018
%-
Ant
Hectare
2009
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling-Sylvaner white 1.538 25,1 1.809
Green Silvaner Silvaner, Sylvaner white 1.501 24,5 1.301
Bacchus - white 750 12,3 747
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 336 5,5 302
Domina - red 322 5,3 349
Pinot Noir incl. Samtrot Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir red 263 4,3 254
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc white 195 3,2 124
Kerner - white 180 2,9 228
Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 168 2,7 127
Dornfelder - red 139 2,3 155
Regent - red 128 2,1 141
Ruländer Pinot Gris, Pinot Gris white 83 1,4 55
Müllerrebe Black Riesling, Pinot Meunier red 69 1,1 89
Acolon - red 50 0,8 50
Portugieser Blue Portugieser red 50 0,8 72
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewürztraminer white 43 0,7 36
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat-Silvaner white 36 0,6 9
Rieslaner - white 31 0,5 38
Chardonnay - white 24 0,4 12
Blue Silvaner - white 22 0,4 11
Cabernet Dorsa - red 18 0,3 21
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 16 0,3 16
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 16 0,3 15
Johanniter - white 16 0,3 11
Ortega - white 16 0,3 22
Yellow Muscat Muscat / Muscat Blanc white 11 0,2 3
Merlot - red 11 0,2 8
Pearl - white 8 0,1 18
Cabernet Blanc - white 6 0,1 -
Limberger/Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 6 0,1 6
Solaris - white 6 0,1
Viognier white 6 0,1 -
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 4 0,1 3
Faberrebe - white 4 0,1 7
St. Laurent - red 4 0,1 4
Cabernet Mitos - red 3 0,1 3
Auxerrois Small Heunisch white 2 - 1
Blueburger - red 2 - 2
Helios - white 2 - -
Morio muscat Morio white 2 - 3
Muscaris - white 2 - -
Dove black Blue Hanger red 2 - 2
Albalonga - white 1 - 3
Cabernet Cubin - red 1 - 1
Cabernet Dorio - red 1 - 1
Gold muscatel - white 1 - -
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 1 - 0
Huxelrebe - white 1 - 1
Registrar - white 1 - 1
Merzling - white 1 - 1
Phoenix - white 1 - 0
Pinotin - red 1 - -
Rondo - red 1 - -
Schönburger - white 1 -
Würzer - white 1 - 1
Bronner - white 0 - 0
Cabernet Carol - red 0 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 0 - 1
Bronner - white 0 - 0
Cabernet Franc - red 0 - 0
Cabertin - red 0 - -
Dakapo - red 0 - 0
Cover red - red 0 - 0
Dark field - red 0 - 0
Ehrenfelser - white 0 - 1
Gold Riesling - white 0 - -
Helfensteiner - white 0 - 1
Kernling - white 0 - -
Malvasia Frühroter Veltliner white 0 - -
Monarch - red 0 - -
Muscat Ottonel - white 0 - -
Optima Optima 113 white 0 - 2
Palas - red 0 - 0
Prior - red 0 - -
Red Muscat Muscat Blanc, Muscat white 0 - -
Sauvignier Gris - white 0 - -
Siegerrebe - white 0 - 0
Syrah Shiraz red 0 - -
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger white 0 - -
White chasselas Chasselas, Chasselas white 0 - 0
Fontanara - white - - 1
Mariensteiner - white - - 1
Osteiner - white - - 0
Pearl from Zala Zala Gyöngye white - - 0
Headmaster - white - - 0
other white varieties - white 18 0,3 27
other red varieties - red 3 0,1 5
WHITE SORT 5.018 81,9 4.904
RED SORT 1.112 18,1 1.200
TOTAL 6.130 100 6.104


Producers

Well-known producers are Arnold Wilhelm, Baldauf, Bickel-Stumpf, Blendel Michael, Bocksbeutel-Hof, Braun Heinz, Braun Waldemar, Brennfleck, Breunig, Brügel Harald, Bürgerspital, Burrlein, Dahms, Deppisch Johannes, DIVINO Nordheim Thüngersheim, Emmerich Werner, Erhard Walter, Felshof - Wenninger, Fendt wine family, Fischer Joachim, Fröhlich Clemens, Fröhlich Michael, Fürstlich Castell'sches Domänenamt, Fürst Löwenstein, Fürst Rudolf, Giegerich, Göbel Martin, Grebner - Der Patrizierhof, Gunther Harald, Hart Privat-Weingut, H. Deppisch, Hemberger Roland, Höfler Bernd, Höfling Klaus, Hofmann Alois, Hofmann Helmut & Bernd, Hofmann Mario, Ilmbacher Hof, Juliusspital, Krämer Hermann & Stephan, Kreglinger, Kremers Winzerhof, LandArt, Leininger Walter, Max Müller I, May Rudolf, Meier Markus, Reiss Christian, Römmert, Rothe Manfred, Roth Gerhard, Ruck Johann, Rudloff, Ruppert, Sauer Horst, acid Rainer, Schäffer Egon, Schloss Sommerhausen, Schmachtenberger Berthold, Schmidt Frank & Lukas, Schmitts Kinder, Schwab Thomas, Staatlicher Hofkeller Würzburg, Stahl Albrecht, Steinmann Artur, Steintal, Stich Gerhard, Störrlein, Stritzinger, Trockene Schmitts, Walter Josef, Weigand, Weingut Am Lump, Weingut Am Stein, Weinmanufaktur 3 Zeilen, Wein von 3, Weltner Paul, Wengerter Rainer, Winzerfamilie Koch, Winzer Sommerach, Wirsching Hans, Wörners Schloss, Zang Otmar, Zehnthof Familie Luckert, Zehnthof Familie Weickert, Zehntkeller, Zur Schwane. Around 80% of the Bavarian winegrowers are organised in the Weinbauring Franken. A well-known winegrowers' association is Frank & Frei.

Map: DWI (German Wine Institute)
Main: By Lencer - own work, in Co-Operation with DieBuche, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
Escherndorf: DWI (German Wine Institute)

In this section you will find
currently 148,866 Wines and 23,333 Producers, including 2,239 classified producers.
Rating system Their sources in Wine Guide Tasting samples

EVENTS NEAR YOU