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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Description to Umbria

The Italian region with the capital Perugia is located in the heart of Italy and is one of the few regions not bordering a sea. Wine-growing existed in Umbria on both sides of the river Tiber even before the Romans in the time of the Etruscans and the eponymous Umbrians. Archaeological finds and wine cellars more than 3,000 years old, laboriously driven into the volcanic rocks, are historical witnesses to this. After the fall of the Roman Empire, viticulture came to a complete standstill for centuries. It was not until the 1950s that a new beginning was made. The landscape as well as the climatic and soil conditions are very similar to those of the region of Tuscany, which borders on the east, and which is ideally suited for viticulture. The cold months are relatively rainy, the summers are sunny and cooled by wind.

The vineyards cover 13,000 hectares of vineyards on mostly calcareous clay and sandy soil. The DOC regulations mainly include local, but also international varieties. The most important white wine varieties are Chardonnay, Drupeggio, Grechetto Bianco(Grechetto di Orvieto), Malvasia Toscana/Malvasia del Chianti = Malvasia Bianca Lunga, Pinot Bianco(Pinot Blanc), Pinot Grigio(Pinot Gris), Riesling, Riesling Italico), Sauvignon(Sauvignon Blanc), Trebbiano Spoletino, Trebbiano Toscano (here also Procanico), Verdello, Verdicchio Bianco and Vermentino. The main red wine varieties are Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Canaiolo Nero, Ciliegiolo, Gamay, Merlot, Montepulciano, Pinot Nero(Pinot Noir), Sagrantino, Sangiovese and Vernaccia Nera(Garnacha Tinta). The 6 IGT areas (or IGP - the land wines) are Allerona, Bettona, Cannara, Narni, Spello and Umbria. The famous Orvieto, which has been produced for centuries, accounts for about two thirds of the DOC production. The 15 DOC/DOCG zones are


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