The Republic of Kosovo in Southeast Europe with its capital Pristina covers 10,877 km². It borders Albania to the southwest, Montenegro to the northwest, Serbia to the north and east, and northern Macedonia to the southeast. Kosovo was an autonomous region within Yugoslavia. Due to the wars of the 1990s and the disintegration of Yugoslavia, Kosovo became part of Serbia in 2003. In February 2008, it proclaimed itself independent.
Viticulture in the Metohija region dates back to Roman times. In Velika Hoča, pithoi (wine vessels) were found during archaeological excavations. Kosovo is divided into the Juzni and Severni wine-growing areas. Before the war, the vineyards covered around 10,000 hectares of vines with mainly the red wine varieties Cabernet Franc, Gamay and Pinot Noir as well as Riesling. The well-known brand wine Amselfelder (Kosovsko Vino) grows on the border with Albania. The vineyards and many wineries are only just being rebuilt after the years of turmoil.