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Saale-Unstrut

Description to Saale-Unstrut

The growing region in Germany is named after the two rivers in whose narrow valleys the terraced vineyards lie on the south-eastern and south-western slopes. The vineyards cover 786 hectares of vines, spread over three federal states. Over 90% of it is in Saxony-Anhalt, the rest in Thuringia and only a few hectares in Werder an der Havel in the state of Brandenburg. Viticulture has been practised here for over a thousand years. In a deed of gift from Emperor Otto III. (980-1002), a grandson of Charlemagne, to the Memleben monastery in 998. Another document attests to vineyards in the Mansfeld Lakes area as early as 973. In 1137, the Cistercians founded the monastery of St. Mariae ad Portam (today the Pforta Monastery State Winery) and in 1154 laid out the Köppelberg vineyard in Pfortens, which still exists today. The old wine-growing tradition is attested to by a grape in the coat of arms of the town of Jena, where the Friedrich Schiller University was founded in 1554. At that time, Thuringia's vineyard area was around 10,000 hectares.

Karte vom Anbaugebiet Saale-Unstrut

Climate and soil

Saale-Unstrut is the most northerly wine-growing region in Europe; it lies beyond the 51st parallel, which is considered the climatic limit of world viticulture. The soils consist mainly of weathered shell limestone, as well as enclosed mottled sandstone, loess loam and copper shale. There is a lot of sun, but little rain. With only about 500 millimetres of precipitation a year, the Anbaugebeit is one of the wine-growing regions in Germany with the least rainfall. There are cold "polar winters" with temperatures as low as minus 20 degrees, so there is a danger of frost for the vines.

Areas, communities and sites

The vineyards are divided into three areas, four large vineyards and a total of 37 individual vineyards. By far the largest area, Schloss Neuenburg in the state of Saxony-Anhalt, and the small area in the municipality of Werder in Brandenburg, cover more than 500 hectares of vineyards. It is divided into the three large vineyards Blütengrund, Göttersitz and Schweigenberg. The wine-growing communities with their individual sites are:

Saale-Unstrut - Freyburg - Weinberg über der Unstrut

The Mansfeld Lakes area in the state of Saxony-Anhalt was only created in 2002. The vineyards cover about 80 hectares. There is a Großlage Kelterberg. The wine-growing communities with the individual vineyards:

  • Höhnstedt: Kreisberg, Steiger, Steineck
  • Seeburg: Himmelshöhe
  • Stedten: Pastorenstieg
  • Westerhausen: Königstein

The area of Thuringia in the federal state of the same name covers 55 hectares of vineyards. There is no Großlage. The wine-growing communities with their individual vineyards are:

  • Auerstedt: Tamsel
  • Bad Sulza: Sonnenberg
  • Dornburg: Schlossberg
  • Dorndorf: Ermtal, Rappental
  • Großvargula: Hopfenberg
  • Großheringen: Sonnenberg
  • Jena-Zwätzen: Käuzchenberg
  • Kaatschen-Weichau: Dachsberg
  • Neuengönna: Wurmberg
  • Sonnendorf: Sonnenberg

Grape variety list

There were no major changes compared to 2009. With three quarters of the area, white wine varieties clearly dominate. Due to the danger of frost, frost-resistant varieties are preferred and therefore many new German varieties are being tested. The status 2018 (0 = smaller than 0.5 ha):

Grape variety
dt. Main name
In Germany
common synonyms
Colour Hectare
2018
%-
Ant
Hectare
2009
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling-Sylvaner white 117 14,8 128
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc white 109 13,8 87
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 70 8,9 52
Dornfelder - red 54 6,8 50
Bacchus - white 50 6,3 29
Green Silvaner Silvaner, Sylvaner white 48 6,1 56
Ruländer Pinot Gris, Pinot Gris white 46 5,8 38
Portugieser Blue Portugieser red 41 5,2 46
Kerner - white 36 4,6 45
Pinot Noir incl. Samtrot Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir red 30 3,8 30
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewürztraminer white 26 3,3 29
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 25 3,2 20
White chasselas Chasselas, Chasselas white 21 2,7 24
Regent - red 19 2,4 20
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat-Silvaner white 9 1,1 5
Auxerrois Small Heunisch white 7 0,9 2
Limberger/Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 7 0,9 7
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 6 0,8 4
Scheurebe seedling 88 white 5 0,6 4
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger white 5 0,6 1
Kernling - white 4 0,5 5
Cabernet Dorsa - red 3 0,4 3
Cabernet Mitos - red 3 0,4 2
Chardonnay - white 3 0,4 1
Johanniter - white 3 0,4 1
Ortega - white 3 0,4 4
Blue Silvaner - white 2 0,3 1
Solaris - white 2 0,3 0
Acolon - red 1 0,1 0
Cabernet Cortis - red 1 0,1 -
Cabernet Blanc - white 1 0,1 -
Cabertin - red 1 0,1 -
Yellow Muscat Muscat / Muscat Blanc white 1 0,1 1
Helios - white 1 0,1 -
Merlot - red 1 0,1 -
Morio muscat Morio white 1 0,1 0
Muscaris - white 1 0,1 -
Pinotin - red 1 0,1 -
Rieslaner - white 1 0,1 0
Blue Trollinger Schiava Grossa red 0 - -
Cabernet Dorio - red 0 - 0
Domina - red 0 - 0
Dark field - red 0 - 0
Merzling - white 0 - -
Müllerrebe Black Riesling, Pinot Meunier red 0 - 0
Phoenix - white 0 - -
Rondo - red 0 - 0
Red Muscat Muscat white 0 - -
Saint Laurent Saint Laurent red 0 - -
Saphira - white 0 - -
Schönburger - white 0 - 0
Souvignier Gris - white 0 - -
André - red - - 5
Hölder - white - - 1
Other white varieties - white 15 1,9 2
Other red varieties - red 10 1,3 2
WHITE SORT 583 74,2 516
RED SORT 202 25,8 188
TOTAL 786 100 704


Producers

Well-known producers in Saale-Unstrut are Böhme Klaus, Frölich-Hake, Gussek, Herzer Stephan, Kloster Pforta, Lüttmer, Lützkendorf, Pawis, Rotkäppchen-Mumm and Thüringer Weingut Bad Sulza.

Map: DWI (German Wine Institute)
Freyburg: Par Franzfoto - Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 3.0, Lien

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