The municipality of Nierstein-Schwabsburg with a population of around 8,400 is located on the Rhine in the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The Schwabsburg district was an independent municipality until 1970. One of the three winegrowing areas in the Rheinhessen wine growing region was also named after Nierstein, the other two are Bingen and Wonnegau. The Nierstein area in the north-east reaches back to the Roman city of Mainz, founded in 38 BC. The centre is the Rhine front from Nackenheim to Schwabsburg. Here, on the famous Red Slope, the most impressive and best steep slopes of Rheinhessen with the red slate soils(Rotliegendes) that give the area its name. The area is divided into 11 major sites: Auflangen, Domherr, Gutes Domtal, Güldenmorgen, Krötenbrunnen, Petersberg, Rehbach, Rheinblick, Sankt Alban, Spiegelberg and Vogelsgärten.