The Italian region with the capital Campobasso lies in the middle of the boot on the Adriatic Sea. Until the 1960s, the vineyards were allocated to the neighbouring region of Abruzzo in the north. Molise is divided into the two provinces of Campobasso and Isernia. The name is said to go back to a noble family in the Middle Ages. Vineyards are cultivated in the hills of the Sannio mountains at an altitude of up to 600 metres above sea level. The largely small vineyards, 90% of which are less than half a hectare, are highly fragmented. The vineyards cover about 5,400 hectares. A moderate climate prevails.