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Description to Mâcon AOC
Historical landscape and former county in the department of Saône-et-Loire in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region, whose name is derived from the town of Mâcon. It is part of the Burgundy wine region. The Roman poet Ausonius (310-395) already mentioned the wines from this region. In the 11th and 12th centuries, the monks of the Cistercian order planted vines here on a large scale. The area became famous in 1660, when the winegrower Claude Brosse delivered wine to the royal castle in Versailles, where it attracted the attention of the French "Sun King" Louis XIV (1638-1715) during a mass due to its unusual size. The king approached him, tasted his wine after the mass and was so delighted that the royal court was regularly supplied with it. A small but essential part of the landscape is called Haut-Mâconnais. This part roughly corresponds to the borders of the former canton of Lugny with the capital Lugny.
The inhabitants of the area live mainly from viticulture, either directly or indirectly. The various appellations cover a total of almost 7,000 hectares of vineyards along the Sâone river in a strip 50 kilometres long and 15 kilometres wide, and are located between the two areas of Côte Chalonnaise in the north and Beaujolais in the south. This makes Mâconnais the largest area in Burgundy, accounting for around a quarter of the total area. There is also a commune of Chardonnay here, which was once thought to be the "birthplace" of the variety of the same name. However, the village was probably named after the vine and not vice versa.
The three soil types are clay/limestone soils with limestone scree, clayey and siliceous soils on granite and volcanic substrates, and silty soils. The climate is temperate oceanic with a continental tendency. About 85% of the white wines are produced from mainly Chardonnay with shares of Aligoté and Pinot Blanc. The 15% red and rosé wines are made from Pinot Noir and Gamay.
The regional AOC Mâcon covers around 1,900 hectares of vineyards and applies to red, rosé and white wines. Wines from special locations or 27 municipalities may add the name of the municipality to Mâcon, whereby special production conditions with lower maximum yields apply. For all wines, these are Azé, Bray, Burgy, Bussières, Chaintré, Chardonnay, Charnay-lès-Mâcon, Cruzille, Davayé, Igé, Lugny, Mancey, Milly-Lamartine, Péronne, Pierreclos, Prissé, La Roche Vineuse, Saint-Gengoux-le-National and Verzé. Only for red and rosé wine this is Serrières. Only for white wine these are Fuissé, Loché, Montbellet, Solutré-Pouilly, Uchizy, Vergisson and Vinzelles. The AOC Mâcon-Villages covers 1,400 hectares of vineyards in 80 communes and applies only to white wines.