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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

D.O. Ribera del Guadiana

Description to D.O. Ribera del Guadiana

DO area (banks of the Guadiana) in the Spanish region of Extremadura directly on the border with Portugal. It was named after the river Guadiana, which flows through the wine-growing area in a westerly direction. The area extends mainly in the southern half, Extremadura Baja. The area, which comprises around 22,000 hectares of vineyards, was formed in 1999 from six former Land Wine Areas (VT). These are Cañamero in the north-east (5 municipalities), Matanegra in the very south (8), Montánchez in the centre (27), Ribera Alta in the central east (38), Ribera Baja in the central west (11) and Tierra de Barros in the south-east (36)

Despite its large extension of more than 100 kilometres, the climate is homogeneous, with hot, dry summers and moderate winters. There are partly quite different soil types. In Cañamero and Montánchez there are poor slate soils, in Ribera Alta sandy soils and in Matanegra, Ribera Alta and Ribera Baja swampland soils. The largest and considered the best area Tierra de Barros (Land of Clay) was already approved as a temporary DO since 1979. It has fertile, nutrient-rich clay soils at an altitude of around 500 metres above sea level. Due to east winds, the climate here is extremely hot and dry.

With the founding of the DO, a major quality boost was achieved, especially for red wines. The main red wine varieties are Bobal, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cigüente(Síria), Eva(Beba), Garnacha Tinta, Garnacha Tintorera, Graciano, Jáen Tinto(Mencía), Mazuela or Cariñena(Mazuelo), Monastrell, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah and Tempranillo. The main white wine varieties are Alarije, Borba Blanca), Cayetana Blanca, Chardonnay, Malvar(Lairén), Montúa(Chelva), Moscatel de Alejandría(Muscat d'Alexandrie), Moscatel de Grano Menudo(Muscat Blanc), Pardina, Parellada, Pedro Ximénez, Perruno, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo and Viura(Macabeo)

Production is dominated by a number of very large wine cooperatives (Cooperativas), whose members often grow both vines and olives. Well-known producers are Bodegas Cañalva, Castelar, Cooperativa CAVE San José, Bodegas Las Granadas Coronadas, Bodegas Marcelino Díaz, Hijos de Francisco Escaso, Exagravín, Bodegas Lar de Barros - INVIOSA, Bodegas El Maestrino, Bodegas Martínez Paiva, Bodegas Matamoros Toribio, Bodegas Medina, Cooperativa Montevirgen, Bodegas Dolores Morenas, Cooperativa de Olivareros y Viticultores, Bodegas Ortiz, Cooperativa Nuestra Señora de la Soledad Bodegas Paradells, Bodegas Peña del Valle, Bodegas Puente Ajuda, Bodegas Romale, Ruiz Torres, San Antonio Bodegas, Cooperativa San Isidro, Bodega San Marcos de Almendralejo, Cooperativa Santa María Egipciaca Bodegas Santa Marta Virgen, Bodegas Ventura de Vega, Viñaoliva, Viña Santa Marina, Viñas de Alange, Compañía Vinícola del Guadiana, Cooperativa Virgen de la Estrella, Viticultores de Barros

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