DOC area for red, rosé and white wines in the Italian Marche Region. The zone includes the municipalities of Barchi, Cartoceto, Colbordolo, Fano, Fossombrone, Fratte Rosa, Gabicce Mare, Gradara, Isola del Piano, Montebaroccio, Mondavio, Mondolfo, Montecalvo in Foglia, Monteciccardo, Montefelcino, Montelabbate, Montemaggiore al Metauro, Monte Porzio, Orciano di Pesaro, Pergola, Pesaro, Petriano, Piagge, Saltara, San Costanzo, San Giorgio, San Lorenzo in Campo, Sant'Angelo in Lizzola, Sant'Ippolito, Serrungarina and Tavullia, and parts of Auditore, Cagli, Fermignano, Sassocorvaro, Tavoleto and Urbino in the province of Pesaro-Urbino.
Two grape varieties and three sub-zones can be added to the label, each of which is restricted to smaller areas. The grape varieties are Colli Pesaresi Trebbiano (Colbordolo, Gabicce Mare, Gradara, Mombaroccio, Monteciccardo, Montelabbate, Pesaro, Petriano, Sant'Angelo in Lizzola, Tavullia and Urbino) and Colli Pesaresi Biancame (Mondavio, Monte Porzio, Pergola and San Lorenzo in Campo). The subzones are Roncaglia (hilly area of Pesaro); Focara (Fiorenzuola di Focara, a subcommunity of Pesaro) and Parco Naturlae Monte San Bartolo (subzones of Gabicce Mare, Gradara and Pesaro). If the grapes come from classified vineyards, Vigna followed by the name of the vineyard can be indicated on the label
About the red wine from the Sangiovese variety there is a nice story with the famous Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini (1792-1868), born in the city of Pesaro. He had to write the overture to the opera "The Barber of Seville" under great time pressure at the urging of his publisher. He supposedly only managed to do this on time and in very impressive quality because he got the necessary inspiration and drive by enjoying his favourite red wine from the Novilara hills in the Colli Pesaresi area
The wine types Rosso and Rosato or Rosé must be made from at least 70% Sangiovese. The pure variety wines must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, the remaining 15% can be other approved varieties. These are the two white wines Biancame and Trebbiano(Trebbiano Toscano), and the red wine Sangiovese (also known as Novello)
The Focara Rosso is produced using any combination of Pinot Nero, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot (at 50%), as well as other authorised varieties (except Sangiovese, max. 25% per variety, together max. 50%). The Focara Pinot Nero is made from at least 90% of the variety, pressed in red and white. The white Focara Pinot Nero Spumante is made from at least 85% of the variety
There is a Parco Naturale Monte San Bartolo of the two red wines Sangiovese and Cabernet Sauvignon, each with at least 85% of the variety, and a maximum of 15% of other permitted.
The Roncaglia Bianco is blended from white Pinot Nero (25%), as well as from Trebbiano Toscano, Chardonnay, Sauvignon, Pinot Grigio and Pinot Bianco (max. 75%). The Roncaglia Pinot Nero is made from at least 90% of the variety in red and white. The white pressed Roncaglia Pinot Nero Spumante must contain at least 85%
A longer matured Riserva is available from the above mentioned wine types Colli Pesaresi Sangiovese, Focara Pinot Nero (red), Focara Pinot Nero (white), Focara Rosso, Parco Naturale Monte San Bartolo Sangiovese, Parco Naturale Monte San Bartolo Cabernet Sauvignon, Roncaglia Bianco, Roncaglia Pinot Nero (red) and Roncaglia Pinot Nero (white).