In 1993, the independent states of Slovakia and the Czech Republic were formed from the former entire state of Czechoslovakia. Wine-growing has a common history that goes back to the Celts. The wine-growing regions of Slovakia are mainly located in the south on the borders to Austria and Hungary. Along these borders, the vineyards form a strip of land about 60 kilometres long and are located on the northern edge of the European wine-growing area, largely along the Danube tributaries Hron (Gran), Nitra (Neutra) and Váh (Váh) around the capital Bratislava (Pressburg). The climate is continental with hot summers and cool winters with moderate rainfall. In 2012, the area under vines covered 20,000 hectares, of which 384,000 hl of wine were produced. Two-thirds of the area produces white wines and one-third red wines. Well-known vineyards are Gbelce, Hlohovec, Hurbanovo, Matysák, Pavelka, Topolcany and Trnava. Apart from exports to the Czech Republic, most of the wine is consumed in the country. The grape variety table 2010:
Well-known wine-growing villages are Hurbanovo, Levice, Modra (with viticulture school), Nitra, Nove Zamky, Pezinok, Raca, Sahy, Sered, Sobota, Trnava and Zlaté Moravce. A special feature is the small area at the very east, which borders directly on the Hungarian Tokaj-Hegyalja. Here, in the three (former Hungarian) villages of Kistoronya, Szõlõske and the Slovakian part of Sátoraljaújhely, Tokaj-style wine is produced. After years of dispute, the two countries finally agreed in early 2003 that these wines produced within the 172-hectare area could bear the Tokaji designation of origin (Hungary refused to do so for four other municipalities claimed by Slovakia).
Wine categories: As in Austria and Germany, the wine categories are based on the must weight of the grapes; 1 °NM (Normalizovaný Muštomer) = 1 kg sugar per 100 l must. In August 2009, the EU wine market regulation became valid for all member countries with fundamental changes in wine designations and quality levels. There are the following new denominations or quality grades (see also in detail under quality system):