In 1993, the independent states of Slovakia and the Czech Republic were formed from the former state of Czechoslovakia. Viticulture has a common history that goes back to the Celts. Slovakia's wine-growing areas are mainly located in the south on the borders with Austria and Hungary. The vineyards form a strip about 60 kilometres long along these borders and lie on the northern edge of the European wine-growing area largely along the Danube tributaries Hron (Gran), Nitra (Neutra) and Váh (Waag) around the capital Bratislava (Pressburg). The climate is continental with hot summers and cool winters with moderate rainfall. In 2012, the vineyard area covered 20,000 hectares, from which 384,000 hl of wine were produced. Two thirds are white wines and one third red wines. Well-known wineries are Gbelce, Hlohovec, Hurbanovo, Matysák, Pavelka, Topolcany and Trnava. Apart from exports to the Czech Republic, the majority is consumed within the country. The grape variety list 2010:
Well-known wine-growing communities are Hurbanovo, Levice, Modra (with a viticultural school), Nitra, Nove Zamky, Pezinok, Raca, Sahy, Sered, Sobota, Trnava and Zlaté Moravce. A special feature is the small area in the far east, which borders directly on the Hungarian Tokaj-Hegyalja. Here, in the three (formerly Hungarian) villages of Kistoronya, Szõlõske and the Slovakian part of Sátoraljaújhely, a Tokaj-style wine is produced. After years of disputes, the two countries finally agreed at the beginning of 2003 that these wines produced within the 172-hectare area may bear the Tokaji designation of origin (Hungary refused to do so for four other municipalities claimed by Slovakia).
Wine categories: As in Austria and Germany, the wine categories are based on the must weight of the grapes; 1 °NM (Normalizovaný Muštomer) = 1 kg sugar per 100 l must. In August 2009, the EU wine market regulation became valid for all member countries with fundamental changes to the wine designations and quality levels. There are the following new designations or quality levels (see also in detail under Quality System):