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Regions

Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Description to Serbia

In the 1990s the state of Yugoslavia was greatly reduced by the independence of former federal states due to warlike events. After the separation of four former federal states, the remaining territory was renamed Serbia-Montenegro in 2003. After a referendum in 2006, Montenegro finally became independent and the rest was renamed Serbia. The autonomous province of Kosovo in the south proclaimed itself independent in 2008. The viticultural structure of these countries has changed considerably as a result. In the remaining part of Serbia there are the following wine growing areas today:

In Central Serbia (Centralna Srbija) there were hardly any armed conflicts, which is why the vineyards remained largely intact, unlike in other former Yugoslav states. These are mainly located along the rivers Danube, Morava and Timok. The six wine-growing regions are called Nisava-Juzna Morava, Pocerina-Podgora, Sumadija-Podgora, Timok, as by far the largest area Sumadija-Velika Morava and Zapadna Morava. The oldest vineyard is Zupa, from where the famous red wine Zupsko Crno and the rosé Zupska Ruzica comes from

In the north, on the border with Croatia, Romania and Hungary, lies the province of Vojvodina (Voivodina), which is divided into the four wine-growing regions of Banat, Pescara, Srem and Subotica. In 2012, the area under vines covered 44,000 hectares, of which 2.175 million hl of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes). There are still many autochthonous vines, but the international varieties are constantly increasing. The 2010 grape variety table (Kym Anderson):

Grape variety Colour Synonyms or Serbian name Hectare
white Graševina 33.120
Prokupac red Nikodimka, Nisevka, Rskavac 15.180
Chasselas white Plemenka, Plemenka Bijela 3.450
Muscat d'Hamburg red Muscat Hamburg Crni 2.760
Chardonnay white - ?
Dimyat white Smederevka ?
Gamay red - ?
Gewürztraminer / Traminer white Traminac Crveni ?
Kadarka red Skadarka ?
Krstač white Bijeli Krstač ?
Merlot red - ?
? Pinot Noir ? red - ?
Sauvignon Blanc white - ?
Vranac red Vranac Crmnichki ?
Začinak red Krajinsko Crno, Negotinsko Crno ?
Žilavka white Mostarska Žilavka ?

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