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P.D.O. Samos (O.P.E.) / Σάμος
Description to P.D.O. Samos (O.P.E.) / Σάμος
The Greek island with about 470 km² in the eastern Aegean Sea is located off the Ionian coast of Asia Minor (Anatolia, Turkey). According to legend, the Argonaut and first Samos King Ankaios brought the vine to the island in 1,000 BC. Three famous men were born here. The first was the mathematician Pythagoras (580 to 496 BC) to whom the mathematical theorem named after him is attributed. The mathematician Aristarchos (~310-250 B.C.) was convinced of the heliocentric system with the sun as its center. And the third was the philosopher Epicurus (341-270), whose doctrine of undemanding, clever, withdrawn enjoyment of life (epicureism) was later defamed as hedonism.
Towards the end of the 19th century, wine was exported from Samos to Europe, but it was mainly red wines from autochthonous varieties. Then came the phylloxera, which destroyed almost all the vineyards. There was a reconstruction with Moscato Aspro(Muscat Blanc), which today occupies 95% of the vineyards. The vineyards, which cover around 1,800 hectares on calcareous rock, are located in terraces, often only two rows long, on steep slopes up to an altitude of 800 metres above sea level. These are mainly located at the central mountain Karvounis (1153 m), which is also called Ampelos after the village of the same name on its northern side. There are other significant areas on the north-eastern slopes of Kerkis (1443 m), the western mountain on Samos.
The POP sweet wineSamos or Muscat de Samos is one of the most famous Greek wines besides the Retsina. It is pressed from Moscato Aspro. The light golden, sweet wine is characterized by an aroma of oranges and spices. There are four different varieties. In the case of Vin doux, alcohol is added to the grape must before fermentation; the version of this wine matured for a few years in oak barrels is called Anthemis (old name of Samos). In the case of Vin doux naturel, fermentation is stopped early by sprittling; the version Vin doux naturel Grand Cru is made from overripe grapes from the best sites.
The best version Vin naturellement doux (naturally sweet, without added alcohol) is made from sun-dried grapes, the wine matures for at least three years in oak barrels and reaches an alcohol content of up to 15% vol. This version is called Nectar on the label. There are also some dry Samos wines not classified as POP. The white Samena is named after the ancient warships on Samos. A version from overripe grapes is called Golden Samena. There is also a retsina made from Muscat grapes. The producers are Co-Operatives of Samos, Kourtakis and Tsantali.