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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Unfortunately there is no information about Gironde available.

Description to Gironde

A 75 kilometre long and 5 to 15 kilometre wide estuary in southwest France. It is formed by the confluence of the two rivers Dordogne and Garonne and then flows into the Atlantic. With a surface area of 685 km², the Gironde is the largest estuary in Europe. The Gironde begins at the pointed Bec d'Ambes peninsula formed by the two rivers, about 15 kilometres north of the city of Bordeaux. The entire length of the left bank is covered by the Médoc wine-growing area, which is ideally suited for viticulture due to the permeability of the gravel and pebble soil. The best crus (sites) are those that "see the water" (bordering the Gironde), because the sunlight is reflected by the large surface of the water. The retention of heat results in very good conditions for optimal grape ripening. The six famous communal appellations of the Haut-Médoc are located here.

Karte von Bordeaux - Appellationen

The right bank of the Gironde is dominated by limestone with the two Blaye appellations - Côtes de Bordeaux and Côtes de Bourg. The body of water also gave its name to the département in south-west France in which the entire Bordeaux region is located. On the territory of the department of Charente-Maritime, which borders the department of Gironde to the north, the terrain slowly becomes flatter and viticulture disappears.

The mouth of the Gironde into the Atlantic is marked by the headland known as the "Pointe de Grave" near the municipality of Le Verdon-sur-Mer. The entire right bank along the Dordogne and Gironde is called the Rive dro ite (right bank), the entire left bank along the Garonne and Gironde is called the Rive gauche (left bank). The large area between the rivers Garonne and Dordogne, romantically called "seas", is called Entre-deux-Mers. The Gironde department is part of the large regional IGP Atlantique area, which also allows Bordeaux winemakers to produce country wines.

Map: From Domenico-de-ga from the Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
Modifications from the original by Norbert Tischelmayer 2017

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