Named after the town of the same name, the appellation (also Bourg or Bourgeais) lies on the right bank of the Gironde estuary in the French wine-growing region of Bordeaux. Bordeaux wines were exported from here to other countries very early on, but the area has always been referred to rather disparagingly as the "little brother" of the Médoc, which lies opposite to the west. The vineyards cover almost 4,000 hectares of vines on mostly clayey limestone soils in 15 communes of the Gironde department. A special feature is that, unlike other areas in Bordeaux, the area is largely frost and hail free. Strong, long-lived red wines with Merlot often dominating (up to 80% in some châteaux ) are pressed to 98%, which are largely aged in barriques.
The varieties Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec (Cot) and Merlot are permitted. The few white wines are blended from Chenin Blanc, Colombard, Merlot Blanc, Muscadelle, Sauvignon Bl anc and Sémillon. Well-known producers are Château de Barbe, Château Bégot, Château Brulesécaille, Château Clos du Notaire, Château de la Grave, Château Falfas, Château Fougas, Château Guerry, Château Haut-Guiraud, Château Haut-Macô, Château Macay, Château Mercier, Château Nodoz, Château Pexchaud, Château Roc de Cambes, Château de Rousselet, Château Tayac, Château Terrefort Bellegrave, Château La Tuilière.