The appellation (also called Blayais) in the Bordeaux region, named after the city of the same name, is located on the right bank of the Gironde estuary opposite the Médoc to the west. Wine-growing here can be traced back to Roman times. The area is also famous for its Par-Non-Pair caves with prehistoric rock paintings, which are considered to be as important as those of Lascaux (in south-west France). The vineyards cover some 6,500 hectares of vineyards on mainly clayey-calcareous and clayey-gravelly soils with iron-rich sandstone in the subsoil.
In 2009 the roof appellation Côtes de Bordeaux the red wines are now produced under the new appellation Blaye - Côtes de Bordeaux from the red wine varieties Merlot (70%), Cabernet Sauvignon (20%), Cabernet Franc and Malbec(Cot), as well as small quantities of the autochthonous Béquignol Noir and Prolongeau(Bouchalès). The Premières Côtes de Blaye appellation was valid until 2008 for red wines with higher alcohol content, it was discontinued in favour of Blaye - Côtes de Bordeaux.
The main white wine varieties are Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Colombard and Ugni Blanc(Trebbiano Toscano). The Blaye appellation (also Blayais) was valid for simpler red and white wines until the 2008 vintage, but was rarely used. Now it applies only to the simpler white wines. The Appellation Côtes de Blaye was and still is valid for (compared to the simple ones under Blaye) qualitatively better white wines.
Well-known vineyards are Château Barbé, Château les Bertrands, Château Bourdieu, Château la Carelle, Château de Castets, Château Charron, Château Crusquet-deLagarcie, Château l'Escadre, Château du Grand-Pierre, Château Haut Bertinerie, Château Lacaussade St-Martin, Château Maine-Gazin, Château Marinier, Château Menaudat, Château les Moines, Château Peyredoulle, Château Peyreyre and Château Segonzac