The vineyard "Schloss Proschwitz - Prinz zur Lippe" is located in Zadel (district of Diera-Zehren) above Meissen in the German growing area of Saxony
. It is the largest private winery in East Germany and the oldest still existing in Saxony. The family zur Lippe belongs to the oldest noble houses in Germany. Until 1918 it was one of the ruling princely houses and was one of the most important entrepreneurial families in Saxony. The Proschwitz vineyards were owned by the Bishop of Meissen from the middle of the twelfth century until the Reformation. A large part of the mass wines
needed in Saxony came from the Proschwitz estate during this period. During the GDR era, the vineyards were managed by the then Agricultural Production Cooperative (LPG). The wines were only available as so-called "Bückware" under the counter and were called "Proschwitzer Katzensprung". After the family zur Lippe was expropriated by the Russian occupying forces, Dr. Georg Prinz zur Lippe bought back large parts of the vineyard as well as the family castle located in the immediate vicinity of the vineyards after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Finally, in 2000, the winery moved into the lavishly restored 300-year-old Vierseithof in Zadel above Meissen. Since then, the ultra-modern winery, a guesthouse with ten rooms and two holiday apartments, the winery's own vinotheque and a restaurant have been located here
The vineyards cover a total of 87 hectares. The majority of the 51 hectares are in the sole ownership of Proschwitz Castle. The south- to south-west-facing vineyards are situated at an altitude of 150 to 170 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of 10 to 25%. They are located above a quarry in the Elbe valley along the riverbank with a view of the world-famous porcelain city of Meissen. The soils consist of the red granite rocks typical for the region with loess layers up to six metres high. The remaining part is located in the individual sites of Heinrichsburg
(Seußlitz) and Kloster-Heilig-Kreuz (Meissen), which has been in monopoly possession since 2008. The white wine varieties Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Riesling, Elbling, Traminer, Scheurebe and Goldriesling are cultivated to 80%, and the red wine varieties Pinot Noir and Dornfelder to 20%. The vineyard is cultivated according to the guidelines of "controlled environmentally friendly viticulture" with, for example, greening
, greatly reduced use of pesticides and strictly dosed fertilization
. The in-house "Meissen Speciality Distillery" processes regional fruit varieties into noble brandies, spirits and liqueurs. Bottle-fermented sparkling wines are also produced. In 1996, the distillery was the first Saxon winery to be included in the VDP
(Association of German Prädikat Wineries).