Mixed set means strictly speaking that the grapes are harvested, pressed and matured together, but the grapes can of course also come from different vineyards. The name is therefore not only used for the vineyard stock, but also for the finished wine. In contrast to this, a classic cuvée is made by first blending the finished fermented wines. If different varieties are fermented together, one speaks of a mixed fermentation. This form is becoming increasingly fashionable today.
In Austria, the mixed set in classical form with different varieties in one vineyard is still widespread today and accounts for about 3% of the total area under vines. The most common vineyards are in the wine-growing regions Vienna (14% of the area), Carnuntum (12%) and Wagram (11%). This results in a total of around 1,400 hectares of vineyards. The still great popularity of this type of wine in Austria is attested to by an old saying or rather apt expression: "A grape variety is a violin, but the mixed set is an orchestra"
protected designation of origin for Austria
The term "Gemischter Satz" is a traditional term protected of origin within the EU and only permitted for Austria. The wine must be a blend of different white wine varieties and up to a maximum of 15% red wine varieties (this restriction applies from 2018). It is a country wine or quality wine that has been produced by blending either grapes or macerated different grape varieties from the same wine growing region (for quality wine) or the same wine growing region (for country wine). The grapes do not have to come from the same vineyard and, in the case of country wine, not even from the same wine-growing region, which is actually contrary to the traditional definition. The term "Steirischer Mischsatz" used in Styria refers to the grape varieties.
Viennese Mixed Theorem
In the Austrian capital Vienna the typical wine served at a Heurigen is a mixed set. In order to continue the old tradition, an association has defined special guidelines for a particular type of wine. Since the 2013 vintage, the origin-controlled DAC wineWiener Gemischter Satz has been available.
All aids, work and measures in the vineyard during the vegetation cycle can be found under the keyword vineyard care. Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the various types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine law are included under the keyword vinification. Comprehensive information on wine law can be found under the keyword wine law.