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Weinviertel DAC

Description to Weinviertel DAC

One of the eight specific wine growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine growing area of Lower Austria. The Celts were already cultivating wine here before the birth of Christ. In the municipality of Stillfried, grape seeds of the cultivated grape Vitis vinifera were found, which were dated to 900 BC. This makes it one of the oldest winegrowing communities in Central Europe, alongside Zagersdorf in Burgenland. After an old trade route from Vienna to the Czech city of Brno, the typical Weinviertel wine is named Brünnerstrasser. The gently hilly area north of the Danube borders on the Czech Republic in the north and stretches from the Manhartsberg in the west to the border of Slovakia in the east.

Weinviertel - Falkenstein mit der Burg Falkenstein und Weingärten

However, the Weinviertel is not a closed area, but consists of many, partly small vineyard islands. In former times it was divided into two independent areas. The eastern area Falkenstein begins in the south near Vienna. The most important wine growing communities with the most famous vineyards in brackets: Bisamberg (Gabrissen, Jungenberg, Wiesthalen), Bockfliess, Falkenstein (Alsen, Eckartsberg, Kreuzberg, Rabenstein, Rosenberg), Enzersfeld (Sandtal), Gänserndorf, Herrnbaumgarten, Katzelsdorf, Kleinhadersdorf (Birthal, Bockgärten, Hochenleiten), Korneuburg, Langenzersdorf, Mannersdorf, Matzen, Mistelbach, Münichsthal (Seewansche Lagen), Poysbrunn, Poysdorf (Bürsting, Hermannschachern, Kirchbergen, Saurüsseln, Weiße Bergen), Schrattenberg, Stetten (Haidviertel, Hundsleiten, Mitterviertel, Neuberg, Zeiseneck), Wetzelsdorf, Wolkersdorf and Zistersdorf

Weinviertel - Retz mit Weingärten

The western area Retz extends from Großriedenthal in the south to the eponymous municipality in the north. The most important wine growing communities are Eggenburg, Frauendorf, Haugsdorf, Hohenwarth, Hollabrunn, Kleinhaugsdorf, Limberg, Maissau, Mühlbach am Manhartsberg, Ravelsbach, Retz with Oberretzbach, Mitterretzbach and Unterretzbach(Altenberg, Klafel, Satzen, Züngel), Röschitz, Ruppersthal, Schrattenthal, Sitzendorf and Ziersdorf. The vineyards of the Mail Mountain with the reed Hundschupfen forms a climatic island.

Weinviertel - Talkessel von Mailberg mit Weingärten

The Weinviertler soil types are naturally very different due to the very wide spread area, but loess, loam, primary rock and black earth soils dominate. The climate is continental, only in the extreme east there is a Pannonian influence. The summers are mostly hot and dry and the winters are cold. The vineyards are situated between 200 and 250 meters above sea level. The best vineyards are located in locations with a particularly favourable microclimate, these are Bisamberg, Falkenstein, Mailberg and Retz. In 2001 the "Weinstraße Weinviertel" was founded to promote wine and cultural tourism. On a length of more than 130 kilometres, 150 communities with more than 500 wine-growing enterprises are involved.

Weinviertel - Karte mit den Rebflächen

List of vine varieties

In 2015 the vineyards covered 13,858 hectares of vines. The Weinviertel is by far the largest wine-growing region in Austria, accounting for about 30% of the total area. Compared to 2009 with 13,356 hectares this was almost identical. The share of red wine varieties amounts to 24.4% and that of white wine varieties to 75.6%. It dominates with almost half of the Grüner Veltliner, which is why the area is also called "Veltliner Land".

Grape variety - austrian
Main name
officially authorised in Austria
Synonyms
Colour Hectare
2015
%-Ant
2015
Hectare
2009
Green Veltliner Weißgipfler white 6.672 48,1 6.221
Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 1.638 11,8 1.466
- white 1.091 7,8 1.123
Blue Portuguese - red 865 6,2 1.083
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 562 4,1 486
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 546 3,9 589
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Clever white 443 3.2 467
Blauburger - red 383 2,8 439
Chardonnay Morillon - not used in Lower Austria white 271 2,0 203
Gem. set white - white 170 1,2 290
Muscatel Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 170 1,2 93
Early Red Veltliner Malmsey white 142 1,0 163
Sauvignon Blanc Nutmeg Sylvaner white 119 0,9 76
Merlot - red 106 0,8 85
Saint Laurent - red 85 0,6 79
Cabernet sauvignon - red 74 0,5 69
Gem. set red - red 72 0,5 9
Red Veltliner - white 66 0,5 75
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 64 0,5 50
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 48 0,3 40
Roesler - red 46 0,3 36
Neuburger - white 43 0,3 48
Nutmeg Ottonel - white 41 0,3 37
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 32 0,2 32
- red 28 0,2 26
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 15 0,1 11
Goldburger - white 9,6 0,1 10,5
Bouvier - white 9,5 0,1 10,6
Syrah Shiraz red 8,2 0,1 3,7
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 7,7 0,1 7,2
Rathay - red 6,6 - 3,8
Cabernet franc - red 2,4 - 2,5
Rotgipfler - white 2,3 - 1,8
Decorative Fandler Late Red white 1,4 - 1
Anniversary vine - white 0,9 - 1,5
Furmint - white 0,1 - -
Blue Torrent - red 0,1 - -
and. white varieties - white 28,7 0,2 19
and. red varieties - red 4,6 - 2,3
WHITE TYPES 10.476 75,6 10.004
RED VARIETIES 3.382 24,4 3.352
TOTAL 13.858 100 13.356

DAC system

From the 2002 vintage onwards, the origin-controlled quality grade Weinviertel DAC was introduced. It was the first wine-growing area to be certified according to the new DAC system. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Lower Austria, the regional wines under the Weinland wine-growing region designation. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions, the following rules apply in particular:

Classic: The wine must have been made from the quality wine grape variety Grüner Veltliner. It must be dry with a maximum of 6 g/l residual sugar (standard for dry would be 9 g/l). The alcohol content must be at least 12% or (from the 2010 vintage onwards) a maximum of 12.5% vol., and in exceptional years declared by decision of the Regional Committee also 13% vol. The typical characteristics required are a light yellow to green-yellow colour, a typical varietal bouquet and a fruity, spicy, peppery taste. The wine must have neither a botrytis note nor a wood tone(toast aroma) and must not have a one-sided alcoholic taste. The indication of a large vineyard site is not permitted; a municipality and a reed can be indicated as smaller geographical units. An application to obtain the state examination number may be submitted from 1 January of the year following the harvest. However, if the decision is positive, marketing may not take place before 1 March of that year.

Reserve: This stage for stronger wines was introduced six years later with the 2009 vintage. The wine must have a dense structure with a long finish. A delicate botrytis or wood tone is permissible. The actual alcohol content must be at least 13% vol. Bottling must take place within the production plant and in the Weinviertel. The bottles must be provided with a specific capsule. Grapes, but not must, may be bought in. An application to obtain the State certification number may not be made before 15 March of the year following the harvest. At least four out of six tasters must agree that the wine complies with the regulations from a sensory point of view.

Producers

Well known producers are Bannert Manfred, Bauer Christoph, Bauer Norbert, Baumgartner Wolfgang, Diem Gerald, Diem Johann, Dietzl Georg, Dommaier, Dürnberg, Eichberger Gotthard, Eminger Wilhelm, Faber-Köchl, Fabianek, Fidesser, Frank Harald, Girsch, Greilinger Reinhard, Gruber Ewald, Hagenbüchl Fritz, Hagn Wolfgang, Hahn Paul, Haindl-Erlacher, Hebenstreit Manfred, Hirtl Martin, Hofbauer Ludwig, Hofbauer-Schmidt, Hofkellerei Stiftung Fürst Liechtenstein, Humer Andreas, H&M Hofer, Ipsmiller Konrad, Klein Julius, Laurenz V. Laurer, Leberwurst, Lobner Gerhard, Maurer Leopold, Minkowitsch Josef, Minkowitsch Roland, Mrozowski, Oberschil-Rieger, Pfaffl Roman, Pleil Christian, Pollerhof, Prechtl Franz, Pröll Andreas, Pröglhöf, Reinthaler Ernst, Respiz-Hof Kölbl, Rittler Leopold, Rücker Edmund, Ruttenstock, Salomon Josef, Scheit Bernhard, Schlossweingut Bockfliess, Schlossweingut Graf Hardegg, Schlossweingut Malteser Ritterorden, Schneider Herbert, Schuckert Rainer, Schulz Werner, Schwarz Alois, Schwarzböck, Seer Wolfgang, Seifried, Setter Hans, Sonnenhügel, Späth Benjamin, Stadler Johannes, Stift Franz, Stopfer Franz, Studeny Herbert, Sutter Doris & Leopold, Taubenschuss Helmut, Toifl Georg, Uibel Leopold, Walek Gerhard, Wannemacher Josef, Weber Willi, Weineck Martin, Weingartshofer Franz, Weinrieder, Weinwurm Georg, Wenzl Heribert, Woditschka Rudolf, Zeilinger-Wagner, Zens Josef, Zillinger Herbert, Zillinger Johannes, Zöchmann Reinhard and Zull Phillip.

Pictures: © ÖWM - Gerhard Trumler and Egon Mark

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