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Description to Weinviertel DAC
One of the eight specific wine growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine growing area of Lower Austria. The Celts were already cultivating wine here before the birth of Christ. In the municipality of Stillfried, grape seeds of the cultivated grape Vitis vinifera were found, which were dated to 900 BC. This makes it one of the oldest winegrowing communities in Central Europe, alongside Zagersdorf in Burgenland. After an old trade route from Wien to the Czech city of Brno, the typical Weinviertler wine is named Brünnerstrasser. The gently hilly area north of the Danube borders on the Czech Republic in the north and stretches from the Manhartsberg in the west to the border of Slovakia in the east.
However, the Weinviertel is not a closed area, but consists of many, partly small vineyard islands. In former times it was divided into two independent areas. The eastern area Falkenstein begins in the south near Wien. The most important wine growing communities with the most famous vineyards in brackets: Bisamberg (Gabrissen, Jungenberg, Wiesthalen), Bockfliess, Falkenstein (Alsen, Eckartsberg, Kreuzberg, Rabenstein, Rosenberg), Enzersfeld (Sandtal), Gänserndorf, Herrnbaumgarten, Katzelsdorf, Kleinhadersdorf (Birthal, Bockgärten, Hochenleiten), Korneuburg, Langenzersdorf, Mannersdorf, Matzen, Mistelbach, Münichsthal (Seewansche Lagen), Poysbrunn, Poysdorf (Bürsting, Hermannschachern, Kirchbergen, Saurüsseln, Weiße Bergen), Schrattenberg, Stetten (Haidviertel, Hundsleiten, Mitterviertel, Neuberg, Zeiseneck), Wetzelsdorf, Wolkersdorf and Zistersdorf
The western area Retz extends from Großriedenthal in the south to the eponymous municipality in the north. The most important wine growing communities are Eggenburg, Frauendorf, Haugsdorf, Hohenwarth, Hollabrunn, Kleinhaugsdorf, Limberg, Maissau, Mühlbach am Manhartsberg, Ravelsbach, Retz with Oberretzbach, Mitterretzbach and Unterretzbach (Altenberg, Klafel, Satzen, Züngel), Röschitz, Ruppersthal, Schrattenthal, Sitzendorf and Ziersdorf. The vineyards of the Mail Mountain with the reed Hundschupfen forms a climatic island.
The Weinviertler soil types are naturally very different due to the very wide spread area, but loess, loam, primary rock and black earth soils dominate. The climate is continental, only in the extreme east there is a Pannonian influence. The summers are mostly hot and dry and the winters are cold. The vineyards are situated between 200 and 250 metres above sea level. The best vineyards are located in locations with a particularly favourable microclimate, these are Bisamberg, Falkenstein, Mailberg and Retz. In 2001 the "Weinstraße Weinviertel" was founded to promote wine and cultural tourism. On a length of more than 130 kilometres, 150 communities with more than 500 wine-growing enterprises are involved.
List of grape varieties
In 2015 the vineyards covered 13,858 hectares of vines. The Weinviertel is by far the largest wine-growing region in Austria, accounting for about 30% of the total area. Compared to 2009 with 13,356 hectares this was almost identical. The share of red wine varieties amounts to 24.4% and that of white wine varieties to 75.6%. It dominates with almost half of the Grüner Veltliner, which is why the area is also called "Veltliner Land".
From the 2002 vintage onwards, the origin-controlled quality grade Weinviertel DAC was introduced. It was the first wine-growing area to be certified according to the new DAC system. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Lower Austria, the regional wines under the Weinland wine-growing region designation. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions, the following rules apply in particular:
Classic: The wine must have been made from the quality wine grape variety Grüner Veltliner. It must be dry with a maximum of 6 g/l residual sugar (standard for dry would be 9 g/l). The alcohol content must be at least 12% or (from the 2010 vintage onwards) a maximum of 12.5% vol. and in exceptional years declared by decision of the Regional Committee also 13% vol. The typical characteristics required are a light yellow to green-yellow colour, a typical varietal bouquet and a fruity, spicy, peppery taste. The wine must have neither a botrytis note nor a wood tone (toast aroma) and must not have a one-sided alcoholic taste. The indication of a large vineyard site is not permitted; a municipality and a reed can be indicated as smaller geographical units. An application to obtain the state examination number may be submitted from 1 January of the year following the harvest. However, if the decision is positive, marketing may not take place before 1 March of that year.
Reserve: This stage for stronger wines was only introduced six years later with the 2009 vintage. The wine must have a dense structure with a long finish. A delicate botrytis or wood tone is permitted. The actual alcohol content must be at least 13% vol. Bottling must take place within the production plant and in the Weinviertel. The bottles must be provided with a specific capsule. Grapes, but not must, may be bought in. An application to obtain the State certification number may not be made before 15 March of the year following the harvest. At least four out of six tasters must agree that the wine complies with the regulations from a sensory point of view.