One of the three specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Styria. It lies close to the borders with Slovenia and Hungary, as well as Burgenland. Formerly called Südoststeiermark, the area was renamed Vulkanland Steiermark in 2016. It is also known as the "land of castles and palaces". Four wine routes lead through the landscape characterised by rolling hills. Viticulture is mainly practised as a sideline. Well-known wine-growing villages are Bad Radkersburg, Feldbach, Gleisdorf, Hartberg, Kapfenstein (Rieden An der Kapelle, Hinteregg, Rosenleiten), Klöch with its speciality "Klöcher Traminer", Riegersburg (Rieden Brunnenfeld, Festungsmauer, Turnierplatz), St. Peter, Straden (Rieden Buchberg, Klausen) and Weiz. These are connected by the Klöcher Wine Road, Thermenland Wine Road, Southeast Styrian Hill Country Wine Road and East Styrian Roman Wine Road.
In the north, Austria's highest vineyards are located at 650 metres above sea level on the Ringkogel near the municipality of Hartberg. Climatically, this is a transition zone between a hot, dry Pannonian climate with little rainfall and a warm, humid Mediterranean climate. Volcanic soils with sandy loam, clay and basalt weathering predominate. The towering volcanic cones shape the landscape and also gave the new name. The two large vine yards are called Oststeirisches Hügelland and Steirisches Vulkanland
Grape variety list
In 2016, the vineyards covered a total of 1,524 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 1,401 hectares, this was an increase of 9%. The share of the clearly dominant white wine varieties is 78.3%, the share of red wine varieties 21.7% (Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay were recorded together in 2009):
In 2018, the origin-oriented DAC system was introduced in Styria. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Steiermark, the Land wines under the winegrowing region designation Steirerland. In contrast to Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual areas were realised one after the other), an overall concept was developed for all three specific wine-growing regions. There is a three-level pyramid of origin with regional wine, local wine and Riedenwein.
Styrian varietal diversity is taken into account in different ways (see graphic). In the case of regional wine, it is preserved; in the case of local wine and partly also in the case of Riedenwein, local leading varieties have been defined differently for each wine-growing region. The regional wines may be marketed from 1 March, the ried wines and the local wines from 1 May of the year following the harvest. An exception is made for wines made from Welschriesling and Schilcher, which may be marketed as early as 1 December of the year of harvest. There is also an exception for Steirischer Junker, which is traditionally presented at the beginning of November.
The Vulkanland Steiermark DAC area includes the political districts of Südoststeiermark, Hartberg/Fürstenfeld and Weiz as well as municipalities of the district of Leibnitz on the left bank of the Mur. The cross-local winegrowing communities are Klöch, Straden, St. Peter, Tieschen, St. Anna, Kapfenstein, Riegersburg and Oststeiermark. The leading varieties are Sauvignon Blanc (all wine-growing communities), Pinot Blanc (Oststeiermark, Riegersburg, Kapfenstein, St. Anna, St. Pater), Burgundercuvée (Tieschen), Traminer (Klöch) and Pinot Gris (Straden).