One of the three specific wine growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine growing area of Styria. It is located near the borders to Slovenia and Hungary, as well as Burgenland. The area formerly known as Southeast Styria was renamed Vulkanland Steiermark in 2016. It is also known as the "Land of Castles and Palaces". Four wine roads lead through the landscape characterized by rolling hills. Wine growing is mainly done as a sideline. Well-known wine-growing villages are Bad Radkersburg, Feldbach, Gleisdorf, Hartberg, Kapfenstein (sites An der Kapelle, Hinteregg, Rosenleiten), Klöch with the speciality "Klöcher Traminer", Riegersburg (sites Brunnenfeld, Festungsmauer, Turnierplatz), St. Peter, Straden (sites Buchberg, Klausen) and Weiz. These are connected by the Klöcher Wine Route, Thermenland Wine Route, South-East Styrian Hill Country Wine Route and East Styrian Roman Wine Route.
In the north, on the Ringkogel near Hartberg, you will find the highest vineyards in Austria at 650 metres above sea level. Climatically, this is a transition zone between hot, dry Pannonian with little precipitation and a warm and humid Mediterranean climate. Volcanic soils with sandy loam, clay and basalt weathering predominate. The towering volcanic cones shape the landscape and also gave it its new name. The two large areas are called Oststeirisches Hügelland and Steirisches Vulkanland
List of vine varieties
In 2016, the vineyards covered a total of 1,524 hectares of vineyard area. Compared to the year 2009 with 1,401 hectares, this was an increase of 9%. The share of the clearly dominant white wine varieties is 78.3%, the share of red wine varieties 21.7% ((Weißburgunder and Chardonnay were recorded together on 209 hectares in 2009):
In 2018 the origin-oriented DAC system was introduced in Styria. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Styria, the country wines under the wine growing region designation . In contrast to Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual areas were realised one after the other), an overall concept was developed for all three specific wine growing regions. There is a three-level pyramid of origin with regional wine, local wine and Riedenwein.
The Styrian variety diversity is taken into account in different ways (see graph). In the case of regional wines, it is preserved, while local lead varieties have been defined differently for each wine-growing region in the case of local wines and, in part, also for Riedenwein. The area wines may be marketed from 1 March, the Riedenwein and the local wines from 1 May of the year following the harvest. An exception are the wines from Welschriesling and Schilcher, which may be marketed already from December 1st of the year of harvest. An exception also applies to the Styrian Junker, which is traditionally presented at the beginning of November.
The area Vulkanland Steiermark DAC comprises the political districts of Southeast Styria, Hartberg/Fürstenfeld and Weiz as well as communities of the district Leibnitz on the left bank of the Mur. The cross-local winegrowing communities are Klöch, Straden, St. Peter, Tieschen, St. Anna, Kapfenstein, Riegersburg and Eastern Styria. The leading varieties are Sauvignon Blanc (all winegrowing communes), Pinot Blanc (Eastern Styria, Riegersburg, Kapfenstein, St. Anna, St. Pater), Burgundy cuvée (Tieschen), Traminer (Klöch) and Pinot Gris (Straden).