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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Vulkanland Steiermark

Description to Vulkanland Steiermark

One of the three specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Styria. It lies close to the borders with Slovenia and Hungary, as well as Burgenland. Formerly called Südoststeiermark, the area was renamed Vulkanland Steiermark in 2016. It is also known as the "land of castles and palaces". Four wine routes lead through the landscape characterised by rolling hills. Viticulture is mainly practised as a sideline. Well-known wine-growing villages are Bad Radkersburg, Feldbach, Gleisdorf, Hartberg, Kapfenstein (Rieden An der Kapelle, Hinteregg, Rosenleiten), Klöch with its speciality "Klöcher Traminer", Riegersburg (Rieden Brunnenfeld, Festungsmauer, Turnierplatz), St. Peter, Straden (Rieden Buchberg, Klausen) and Weiz. These are connected by the Klöcher Wine Road, Thermenland Wine Road, Southeast Styrian Hill Country Wine Road and East Styrian Roman Wine Road.

Vulkanland Steiermark - Kapfenstein

In the north, Austria's highest vineyards are located at 650 metres above sea level on the Ringkogel near the municipality of Hartberg. Climatically, this is a transition zone between a hot, dry Pannonian climate with little rainfall and a warm, humid Mediterranean climate. Volcanic soils with sandy loam, clay and basalt weathering predominate. The towering volcanic cones shape the landscape and also gave the new name. The two large vine yards are called Oststeirisches Hügelland and Steirisches Vulkanland

Vulkanland Steiermark - Karte mit Rebflächen

Grape variety list

In 2016, the vineyards covered a total of 1,524 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 1,401 hectares, this was an increase of 9%. The share of the clearly dominant white wine varieties is 78.3%, the share of red wine varieties 21.7% (Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay were recorded together in 2009):

Grape variety - Austrian
Main name
officially permitted in Austria
Colour Hectare
Welschriesling - white 310 20,3 318
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 240 1507 301
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 177 11,6 185
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 108 7,1 81
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 103 6,8 128
Chardonnay Morillon white 93 6,1 301
Muscat Blanc Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 66 4,3 31
Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 59 3,8 56
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 37 2,4 36
Grey Birgunder Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 35 2,3 25
Blauer Wildbacher - red 32 2,1 29
Goldburger - white 25 1,6 32
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 24 1,5 27
Merlot - red 14 0,9 14
Blauburger - red 13 0,9 18
Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 9,4 0,6 10
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 8,4 0,6 10
St. Laurent - red 7,5 0,5 7
Mixed set white Styrian mixed set white 7,2 0,5 11
Roesler - red 4,6 0,3 2
Blaufränkisch - red 3,7 0,2 4
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 2,8 0,2 2
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 2,6 0,2 2
Syrah Shiraz red 1,8 0,1 -
Muscat Ottonel - white 1,4 0,1 2
Rathay - red 0,6 - 1
Cabernet Franc - red 0,3 - -
Furmint - white 0,2 - -
Mixed set red Styrian mixed set red 0,1 - -
other. white varieties - white 82,1 5,4 69
and. red varieties - red 57,6 3,8 0
TOTAL 1.401

DAC system

In 2018, the origin-oriented DAC system was introduced in Styria. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Steiermark, the Land wines under the winegrowing region designation Steirerland. In contrast to Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual areas were realised one after the other), an overall concept was developed for all three specific wine-growing regions. There is a three-level pyramid of origin with regional wine, local wine and Riedenwein.

Vulkanland Steiermark - DAC Qualitätspyramide

Styrian varietal diversity is taken into account in different ways (see graphic). In the case of regional wine, it is preserved; in the case of local wine and partly also in the case of Riedenwein, local leading varieties have been defined differently for each wine-growing region. The regional wines may be marketed from 1 March, the ried wines and the local wines from 1 May of the year following the harvest. An exception is made for wines made from Welschriesling and Schilcher, which may be marketed as early as 1 December of the year of harvest. There is also an exception for Steirischer Junker, which is traditionally presented at the beginning of November.

The Vulkanland Steiermark DAC area includes the political districts of Südoststeiermark, Hartberg/Fürstenfeld and Weiz as well as municipalities of the district of Leibnitz on the left bank of the Mur. The cross-local winegrowing communities are Klöch, Straden, St. Peter, Tieschen, St. Anna, Kapfenstein, Riegersburg and Oststeiermark. The leading varieties are Sauvignon Blanc (all wine-growing communities), Pinot Blanc (Oststeiermark, Riegersburg, Kapfenstein, St. Anna, St. Pater), Burgundercuvée (Tieschen), Traminer (Klöch) and Pinot Gris (Straden).


Well-known wineries in the wine-growing region of Vulkanland Steiermark include Erzherzog Johann Weine, Frauwallner Walter, Frühwirth Fritz, Gießauf-Nell, Gölles, Herrenhof Lamprecht, Krispel, Neumeister, Platzer Manfred, Ploder-Rosenberg, Pock Franz, Thaller Koarl and Winkler-Hermaden

Pictures: © ÖWM - Gerhard Elze

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