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Vulkanland Steiermark

Description to Vulkanland Steiermark

One of the three specific wine-growing regions in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Styria. It lies close to the borders with Slovenia and Hungary, as well as Burgenland. The area formerly known as south-east Styria was renamed Vulkanland Steiermark in 2016. It is also known as the "Land of Castles and Palaces".

Vulkanland Steiermark - Kapfenstein

Climate & soils

In the north, there are vineyards at 650 metres above sea level on the Ringkogel near the municipality of Hartberg, which are among the highest vineyards in Austria. Climatically, this is a transition zone between the hot, dry Pannonian climate with little rainfall and the warm, humid Mediterranean climate. Volcanic soils with sandy loam, clay and weathered basalt predominate. The towering volcanic cones characterise the landscape and also gave it its new name. The two large vineyards are called Oststeirisches Hügelland and Steirisches Vulkanland.

Vulkanland Steiermark - topographische Karte

Wine-growing communities

Four wine routes lead through the landscape characterised by gentle hills. Well-known wine-growing communities are Bad Radkersburg, Feldbach, Gleichenberg, Gleisdorf, Hartberg, Kapfenstein (vineyards An der Kapelle, Hinteregg, Rosenleiten), Klöch with the speciality "Klöcher Traminer", Riegersburg (vineyards Brunnenfeld, Festungsmauer, Turnierplatz), St. Anna am Aigen, St. Peter, Straden (vineyards Buchberg, Klausen), St. Anna am Aigen, Tieschen and Weiz. These are connected by the Klöcher Wine Route, Thermenland Wine Route, South-East Styrian Hill Country Wine Route and East Styrian Roman Wine Route.

Grape variety index

In 2022, the vineyards covered a total of 1,657 hectares of vines. Compared to 2016 with 1,524 hectares, this was an increase of 133 hectares (9%). White wine varieties account for 1,408 hectares (85%) and red wine varieties for 249 hectares (15%). Welschriesling dominates the white wine varieties, followed by Pinot Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc. The red wine varieties are dominated by Zweigelt, followed by Blauer Wildbacher and Merlot. The Muscaris, Muscat, Sauvignon Blanc, Souvignier Gris and Pinot Blanc varieties were promoted, while Müller-Thurgau and Blauburger were relegated.

Grape variety
main name

in Austria
authorised synonyms






Welschriesling - white 319 19,2 310 20,3
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 291 17,6 240 1507
Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 146 8,8 177 11,6
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 173 6,4 108 7,1
Muscat Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 138 8,3 66 4,3
Chardonnay Morillon white 113 6,8 93 6,1
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 76 4,6 103 6,8
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 61 3,7 35 2,3
Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 51 3,1 59 3,8
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Roter T., Gelber T. white 38 2,3 37 2,4
Muscaris - white 27 1,6 - -
Blauer Wildbacher - red 25 1,5 32 2,1
Souvignier Gris - white 25 1,5 - -
White Riesling Riesling Rhine Riesling white 21 1,2 24 1,5
Merlot - red 16 0,9 14 0,9
Goldburger - white 11 0,7 25 1,6
Pinot Noir Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir red 8 0,5 9,4 0,6
Blue Burgundy - red 7 0,4 13 0,9
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 7 0,4 8,4 0,6
Blossom muscatel - white 6,5 0,4 - -
St Laurent - red 6 0,3 7,5 0,5
Roesler - red 5 0,3 4,6 0,3
Blaufränkisch - red 3 0,2 3,7 0,2
Grüner Veltliner White plum white 3 0,2 2,8 0,2
Syrah Shiraz red 3 0,2 1,8 0,1
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 2 0,1 2,6 0,2
Furmint - white 2 0,1 0,2 -
Muscat Ottonel - white 1,3 0,1 1,4 0,1
Rathay - red 1 0,1 0,6 -
Bouvier - white 0,5 - - -
Cabernet Franc - red 0,3 - 0,3 -
Gold muscatel - white 0,2 - - -
Frühroter Veltliner Malvasia white 0,1 - - -
other varieties - white/red 76 4,6 147 9,6


















DAC system

The Vulkanland Steiermark DAC area comprises the political districts of south-east Styria, Hartberg/Fürstenfeld and Weiz as well as municipalities in the Leibnitz district on the left bank of the Mur. The cross-local wine-growing communities are Klöch, Straden, St. Peter, Tieschen, St. Anna, Kapfenstein, Riegersburg and Oststeiermark. The leading varieties are Sauvignon Blanc (for all wine-growing communities), Pinot Blanc (for Oststeiermark, Riegersburg, Kapfenstein, St. Anna, St. Pater), Burgundy Cuvée (for Tieschen), Traminer (for Klöch) and Pinot Gris (for Straden).

The origin-based DAC system was introduced in Styria in 2018. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Styria, the regional wines under the wine-growing region designation Steirerland. In contrast to the Austrian provinces of Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual regions were realised one after the other), an overall concept was developed for all three specific wine-growing regions. There is a three-level pyramid of origin with the levels of regional wine, local wine and Riedenwein. The DAC pyramid:

Vulkanland Steiermark - DAC Qualitätspyramide

The Styrian diversity of varieties is taken into account in different ways (see the varieties in the diagram above). In the case of regional wines, it is retained, while in the case of local wines and in some cases also Riedenwein, local leading varieties have been defined differently for each wine-growing region. Regional wines may be marketed from 1 March, single vineyard wines and local wines from 1 May of the year following the harvest. An exception is made for wines from the Welschriesling and Schilcher Klassik varieties (only in Western Styria), which may be marketed as regional wines from 1 December of the harvest year and as local wines from 1 February of the year following the harvest. There is also an exception for the Steirischer Junker brand wine created by the Wein Steiermark association, which is traditionally presented at the beginning of November.

Steirischer Junker - Foto von Weinflaschen und Logo


Well-known wineries include Erzherzog Johann Weine, Frauwallner Walter, Frühwirth Fritz, Gießauf-Nell, Gölles, Herrenhof Lamprecht, Krispel, Neumeister, Platzer Manfred, Ploder-Rosenberg, Pock Franz, Thaller Koarl and Winkler-Hermaden.

Kapfenstein: © ÖWM - Gerhard Elze
Map and DAC pyramid: © ÖWM
Styrian Junker: Toni Muhr

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