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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Vulkanland Steiermark

Description to Vulkanland Steiermark

One of the three specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Styria. It lies close to the borders with Slovenia and Hungary, as well as Burgenland. Formerly called Südoststeiermark, the area was renamed Vulkanland Steiermark in 2016. It is also known as the "land of castles and palaces".

Vulkanland Steiermark - Kapfenstein

Climate & Soils

In the north, there are vineyards at 650 metres above sea level on the Ringkogel near the municipality of Hartberg, which are among the highest vineyards in Austria. Climatically, this is a transition zone between a hot, dry Pannonian climate with little rainfall and a warm, humid Mediterranean climate. Volcanic soils with sandy loam, clay and basalt weathering predominate. The towering volcanic cones shape the landscape and also gave the new name. The two large vineyards are called Oststeirisches Hügelland and Steirisches Vulkanland.

Vulkanland Steiermark - topographische Karte

Wine-growing communities

Four wine roads lead through the landscape characterised by rolling hills. Viticulture is mainly practised as a sideline. Well-known wine-growing villages are Bad Radkersburg, Feldbach, Gleisdorf, Hartberg, Kapfenstein (Rieden An der Kapelle, Hinteregg, Rosenleiten), Klöch with its speciality "Klöcher Traminer", Riegersburg (Rieden Brunnenfeld, Festungsmauer, Turnierplatz), St. Peter, Straden (Rieden Buchberg, Klausen) and Weiz. These are linked by the Klöcher Wine Road, Thermenland Wine Road, Southeast Styrian Hill Country Wine Road and East Styrian Roman Wine Road.

Grape variety list

In 2022, the vineyards covered a total of 1,657 hectares of vines. Compared to 2016 with 1,524 hectares, this was an increase of 133 hectares (9%). Of this, white wine varieties account for 1,408 hectares (85%) and red wine varieties for 249 hectares (15%). Among the white wine varieties, Welschriesling dominates, followed by Weißer Burgunder and Sauvignon Blanc. The red wine varieties are dominated by Zweigelt, followed by Blauer Wildbacher and Merlot. The varieties Muscaris, Muskateller, Sauvignon Blanc, Souvignier Gris and Weißburgunder were promoted, Müller-Thurgau and Blauburger were relegated.

Grape variety
Main name

in Austria
permitted synonyms






Welschriesling - white 319 19,2 310 20,3
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner white 291 17,6 240 1507
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 146 8,8 177 11,6
Sauvignon Blanc Muscat Sylvaner white 173 6,4 108 7,1
Muscat Blanc Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc white 138 8,3 66 4,3
Chardonnay Morillon white 113 6,8 93 6,1
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 76 4,6 103 6,8
Grey Burgundy Pinot Gris, Ruländer white 61 3,7 35 2,3
Scheurebe seedling 88 white 51 3,1 59 3,8
Traminer Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. white 38 2,3 37 2,4
Muscaris - white 27 1,6 - -
Blue Wildbacher - red 25 1,5 32 2,1
Souvignier Gris - white 25 1,5 - -
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 21 1,2 24 1,5
Merlot - red 16 0,9 14 0,9
Goldburger - white 11 0,7 25 1,6
Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 8 0,5 9,4 0,6
Blauburger - red 7 0,4 13 0,9
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 7 0,4 8,4 0,6
Flower muscatel - white 6,5 0,4 - -
St. Laurent - red 6 0,3 7,5 0,5
Roesler - red 5 0,3 4,6 0,3
Blaufränkisch - red 3 0,2 3,7 0,2
Grüner Veltliner Weißgipfler white 3 0,2 2,8 0,2
Syrah Shiraz red 3 0,2 1,8 0,1
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner white 2 0,1 2,6 0,2
Furmint - white 2 0,1 0,2 -
Muscat Ottonel - white 1,3 0,1 1,4 0,1
Rathay - red 1 0,1 0,6 -
Bouvier - white 0,5 - - -
Cabernet Franc - red 0,3 - 0,3 -
Gold muscatel - white 0,2 - - -
Frühroter Veltliner Malvasia white 0,1 - - -
other varieties - white/red 76 4,6 147 9,6


















DAC system

The area Vulkanland Steiermark DAC comprises the political districts of Südoststeiermark, Hartberg/Fürstenfeld and Weiz as well as municipalities of the district of Leibnitz on the left bank of the Mur. The cross-local winegrowing communities are Klöch, Straden, St. Peter, Tieschen, St. Anna, Kapfenstein, Riegersburg and Oststeiermark. The lead varieties are Sauvignon Blanc (for all winegrowing communities), Weißburgunder (for Oststeiermark, Riegersburg, Kapfenstein, St. Anna, St. Pater), Burgunder-Cuvée (for Tieschen), Traminer (for Klöch) and Grauburgunder (for Straden).

In 2018, the origin-oriented DAC system was introduced in Styria. All other quality wines must be marketed with the origin Steiermark, the Land wines under the winegrowing region designation Steirerland. In contrast to the Austrian provinces of Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual regions were implemented one after the other), an overall concept was developed for all three specific wine-growing regions. There is a three-level pyramid of origin with the levels of area wine, local wine and Riedenwein. The DAC pyramid:

Vulkanland Steiermark - DAC Qualitätspyramide

Styrian varietal diversity is taken into account in different ways (see the varieties in the graphic above). In the case of regional wine, it is preserved; in the case of local wine and partly also in the case of Riedenwein, local leading varieties have been defined differently for each wine-growing region. The regional wines may be marketed from 1 March, the single vineyard wines and the local wines from 1 May of the year following the harvest. Exceptions are the wines from the varieties Welschriesling and Schilcher Klassik (only in Western Styria), which may be marketed as regional wines as of 1 December of the year of harvest and as local wines as of 1 February of the year following the harvest. Likewise, an exception applies to the branded wine Steirischer Junker created by Verein Wein Steiermark, which is traditionally presented at the beginning of November.

Steirischer Junker - Foto von Weinflaschen und Logo


Well-known wineries are Erzherzog Johann Weine, Frauwallner Walter, Frühwirth Fritz, Gießauf-Nell, Gölles, Herrenhof Lamprecht, Krispel, Neumeister, Platzer Manfred, Ploder-Rosenberg, Pock Franz, Thaller Koarl and Winkler-Hermaden.

Kapfenstein: © ÖWM - Gerhard Elze
Map and DAC pyramid: © ÖWM
Styrian Junker: Toni Muhr

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