One of the famous six communes (in addition to Listrac-Médoc, Margaux, Moulis, Pauillac and Saint-Julien) within the French Haut-Médoc area, which are own appellations and are allowed to carry the commune name on the bottle label. It is the most northerly commune and comprises some 1,380 hectares of vineyards just 50 kilometres north of Bordeaux. The area is one of the oldest wine-growing regions in the Médoc and dates back to the 13th century. Saint-Estèphe is located at the mouth of the Gironde estuary and was an important port at the time. The loamy subsoil above a layer of iron-rich stone is made up of clay, clay mixed with stones and lime. The soil is more fertile than in the southern municipalities. Besides the dominant variety Cabernet Sauvignon, there is a relatively high percentage of Merlot. The tannin-rich, colour-intensive, long-lasting red wines are characterised by more acidity than the other five.