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Regions

Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Rheingau

Description to Rheingau

The production area is located in the federal state of Hessen in Germany. The vineyards cover 3,211 hectares of vine area starting at the lower Main river east of Wiesbaden and extending about 50 kilometres along the right bank of the Rhine to Lorch north of Rüdesheim. The "Rheingau Riesling Route" wine route runs along the right bank of the Rhine from Lorch to Hochheim. Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) allegedly had the first vineyard planted near today's Johannisberg Castle. It is also said that the Spätlese was "invented" here, which is evidenced by the story of the Spätlese rider. Especially in the Rheingau, the Benedictine and Cistercian orders have done a lot for viticulture and also owned extensive holdings of vineyards

Rheingau - Karte

The quality designation Cabinet goes back to the Cabinet Cellar of the famous Cistercian monastery Eberbach, which still exists today. It was also from this monastery that the endeavour to replace the red grape varieties mainly with Riesling originated. The first documented mention of this variety dates back to 1435 in Rüsselheim. The VDP-Rheingau organises an annual charity auction here, as well as the Glorious Rheingau Days. The village of Hochheim has become synonymous with German Rhine wines, and the name Hock, which is common in England, originated from the place name. The Research Institute for Viticulture, Fruit Growing and Horticulture, which is important for German viticulture, was founded in Geisenheim in 1872. In the Rheingau, a curious Free State bottleneck existed for three years after the First World War.

Climate and soil

The Rhine causes an even temperature profile and amplifies the sunlight like a mirror. In addition, it promotes botrytis (noble rot) through fog rising in autumn as a prerequisite for the noble sweet predicate wines. The vineyards consist mainly of sunny southern slopes. Quartz and slate soils in the higher elevations as well as loam, loess and clay soils in the valley are the ideal basis for racy and spicy white wines. Phyllite slate around Assmannshausen also offers ideal conditions for red wines. Well protected from the winds by the Taunus mountain range, there are mild winters and warm summers.

Area, municipalities and locations

The Rheingau consists (since 1971) of the only area Johannisberg with eleven major sites and 123 individual sites. From the 1999 vintage onwards, the designation Erstes Gewächs mit Wein aus erstklassig klassifizierten Lagen was introduced (see VDP Classification). Many of the individual sites extend over several municipalities. If the names are identical, however, the sites are not always the same. The municipalities with their individual sites:

Rheingau - Rüdesheim

List of vine varieties

There were no major changes compared to 2009. The two dominating grape varieties are the Riesling with 78% and the Pinot Noir with 12%. All other varieties make up the remaining 10%. As in the other growing regions, the rising stars were the varieties Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. The status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

Grape variety
german Main name
In Germany
common synonyms
Colour Hectare
2018
%-
Ant
Hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 2.505 78,1 2.420
Pinot Noir incl. velvet red Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir red 392 12,2 368
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc white 53 1,7 20
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling-Sylvaner white 32 1,0 47
Grey Burgundy Ruländer, Pinot Gris white 29 0,9
Chardonnay - white 24 0,8 11
Blanc sauvignon Nutmeg Silvaner white 17 0,5 7
Dornfelder - red 13 0,4 18
Kerner - white 10 0,3 16
Green Silvaner Silvaner white 9 0,3 9
Red traminer Traminer, Gewürztraminer white 9 0,3 -
Dark fields - red 8 0,3 12
Ehrenfelser - white 6 0,2 10
Early Burgundy Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 6 0,2 7
Dakapo - red 6 0,2 6
Merlot - red 6 0,2 4
Cabernet sauvignon - red 5 0,2 3
Saint Laurent Saint Laurent red 5 0,2 -
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 5 0,2 2
Auxerrois Lesser Heunisch white 4 0,1 1
Rotberger - red 4 0,1 6
Cabernet Mitos - red 3 0,1 2
Milling vine Black Riesling, Pinot Meunier red 3 0,1 -
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 3 0,1 7
Regent - red 3 0,1
Yellow Muscatel Muscat Plate, Muscat Blanc white 2 0,1 -
Green Veltliner - white 2 0,1 -
Albalonga - white 1 - 1
Bacchus - white 1 - 1
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt red 1 - -
Cabernet blanc - white 1 - -
Cabernet dorsa - red 1 - 0
Ehrenbreitsteiner - white 1 - 1
Faberrebe - white 1 - -
Gold Muscat - white 1 - -
Pinotine - red 1 - -
Reichensteiner - white 1 - 3
Acolone - red 0 - 0
Blauburger - red 0 - -
Blue Silvaner - white 0 - -
Blue Trollinger Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 0 - -
Bronner - white 0 - -
Cabernet cortis - red 0 - -
Cabernet Cubin - red 0 - -
Cabernet dorio - red 0 - 0
Cabernet franc - red 0 - -
Cabertin - red 0 - -
Cover Red - red 0 - 0
Dominatrix - red 0 - 1
Boulder Bouvier white 0 - -
Freisamer - white 0 - -
Hegel - red 0 - -
Helpensteiner - white 0 - -
Herald's vine - white 0 - -
Hibernal - white 0 - -
Hölder - white 0 - -
Huxelrebe - white 0 - 0
Johanniter - white 0 - 1
Jewel - white 0 - -
Chancellor - white 0 - -
Kernel - white 0 - -
Limberger Blue Limberger, Blaufränkisch red 0 - -
Malmsey Early Red Veltliner, Former Red white 0 - 0
Merzling - white 0 - -
Morio Muscat Morio white 0 - -
Muscaris - white 0 - -
Nutmeg Ottonel - white 0 - -
Nutmeg Trollinger Muscat d'Hamburg red 0 - -
Neronet - red 0 - -
Nobling - white 0 - -
Optima Optima 113 white 0 - -
Ortega - white 0 - -
Bead - white 0 - -
Phoenix - white 0 - 0
Prior - red 0 - -
Rieslaner - white 0 - 1
Rondo - red 0 - -
Red elk Elbling white 0 - 1
Red Muscatel Muscatel white 0 - -
Saphira - white 0 - -
Schönburger - white 0 - 0
Winning vine - white 0 - -
Solaris - white 0 - -
Souvignier Gris - white 0 - -
Syrah Shiraz white 0 - 0
Deaf Black Blue Hanging Parrot red 0 - -
Viognier - white 0 - -
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger white 0 - -
White Gutedel Chasselas white 0 - -
Seasoning - white 0 - -
Dyer's grape Teinturier du Cher red - - 0
Osteiner - white - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - white 31 1,0 59
otherwise. red varieties red 2 0,1 16
WHITE TYPES 2.748 85,6 2.610
RED VARIETIES 463 14,4 452
TOTAL 3.211 100 3.062


Producers

Well-known producers in the Rheingau are Albus, Allendorf, Altenkirch, Baron Knyphausen, Barth Norbert, Bausch Hans, Becker Hans-Josef, Bibo & Runge, Bischöfliches Weingut Rüdesheim, Bott Michael, Breuer Georg, Breuer Stefan, Brueder Eser, Chat Sauvage, Daniel Holger, Diefenhardt'sches Weingut, Domdechant Werner'sches Weingut, Dr. Corvers-Kauter, Dr. Nägler, Erbslöh, Eser August, F.B. Schönleber, Flick Joachim, Baron Langwerth von Simmern, Freimuth Alexander, Prince Löwenstein, Privy Councillor J. Wegeler Erben, George, Georg Müller Foundation, Goziewski Jörn, Count von Kanitz, Hessische Staatsweingüter, Himmel Emmerich, Hirschmann Christoph, H. J. Ernst, Johanninger,

Johannishof Eser, Jung Jakob, Kaufmann Urban, Kesseler, Klosterweingut Abtei St. Hildegard, King Klaus & Ursula, King Robert, Krone, Kühn Peter Jakob, Künstler Gunter, Lamm-Jung, Laquai Paul, Leitz Johannes, G.H. von Mumm, Nikolai Heinz, Oetinger, Prince Fred, Prince of Hesse, Querbach, Ress Balthasar, Rothenbach Fritz, Rotkäppchen-Mumm, Rüdesheimer Sektkellerei Ohlig, Schloss Johannisberg, Schloss Reinhartshausen, Schloss Schönborn, Schloss Vollrads, Solter, Spreitzer Andreas & Bernd, Strieth Thilo, Toni Jost Hahnenhof, Trenz Michael, Vaux, Weil Robert, Wilhelm Mohr Erben and Winzer von Erbach

In this section you will find
currently 141,106 Wines and 22,910 Producers, including 2,211 classified producers.
Rating system Their sources in Wine Guide Wine Samples

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