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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Wine regions in North Macedonia 2 growing regions

Description to North Macedonia

The Republic of Northern Macedonia in south-eastern Europe with its capital Skopje covers 25,713 km². It borders Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, Albania to the west and Kosovo to the northwest. It is partly located in the northwest of the historical region of Macedonia. The state was founded in 1991 under the name Macedonia as a result of the disintegration of the former communist state of Yugoslavia. For historical reasons, both Macedonia and Greece (for the region of Macedonia with the three-fingered peninsula of Chalkidike and the monastic republic of Athos) claimed it as their own. After many years of dispute, the two states came to an agreement in 2018. On 12 February 2019, the country was officially renamed North Macedonia (Republika Severna Makedonija). Viticulture in Northern Macedonia has a long tradition, as in all other former Yugoslavian constituent states.

Nordmazedonien - Landkarte

Wine-growing regions

The Mediterranean-continental climate is characterised by mild winters and warm, sometimes even subtropical summers. The topography is characterised by mountains and barrenness. There are three wine-growing regions producing "Vrvno Vino" with controlled designation of origin:

Nordmazedonien - Weinberge bei Kavadarci / Tikveš

Povardski (Varda Valley).

Here 85% of the wines of Northern Macedonia are produced. The wine-growing areas are centrally located along the river Vardar. These are Gevgelija-Valandovo, Kochani-Vinica, Ovce Pole, Skopje, Strumica-Radoviste, Tikveš, Titov Veles and Veles.

Pcinsko Osogovski

Here are the wine-growing areas of Kocani, Kratovo, Kumanovo and Pijanecki, located in the east.


Here are the wine-growing areas of Bitola, Ohrid, Tetovo, Kicevo, Prilep and Prespa, located in the west.

Grape variety list

About 80% of the vineyard area is planted with red wine varieties and 20% with white wine varieties. The vineyards cover 24,777 hectares, from which about 1 million hectolitres of wine are produced. The grape variety table in 2016 (Kym Anderson):

Grape variety


Synonyms or name in North Macedonia


Vranac red Vranec 9.500
Dimyat white Smederevka 6.500
Merlot red - 1.240
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 1.020
Tribidrag red Kratošija 1.000
Riesling qwhite - 900
Chardonnay white - 750
Pinot Noir red - 500
Rkatsiteli white - 460
Prokupac red - 445
Muscat Blanc / Muscat white Temjanika 400
Stanušina Crna red - 400
Muscat d'Hamburg red - 350
Welschriesling white Graševina 270
Pamid red Plovdina 250
Župlyanka white - 250
Sauvignon Blanc white - 185
Žilavka white - 185
Plavac Mali red - 50
Kadarka red - ?
Opsimo Edessis white - ?
Traminer white Traminac ?
Začinak red - ?
Ohridsko Crno red - ?
Terrano red - ?
remaining red varieties red - 71
remaining white varieties white - 51

Wine law & producers

The wine law, which came into force in 2004, is based on EU standards. The designation for quality wines of controlled origin is Vrvno Vino. In the 1980s, two thirds of Yugoslavia's wine production was produced in the SR Macedonia. Today, the approximately 40 wineries are completely privatised. The most important producer is the Tikves winery, founded in 1946 as a winegrowers' cooperative. Others are Bovin-Negotino, Lozar-Veles and Povardarie-Negotine.

Map: Goruma
Vineyards: By F00700I - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
Source 1st paragraph: WIKIPEDIA North Macedonia

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