AOC area for fortified sweet wine in the southern part of the Rhône wine region. It covers some 500 hectares of vineyards in the communes of Beaumes-de-Venise (AOC for red wine) and Aubignan in the Département of Vaucluse. The wine was already praised by Pliny the Elder (23-79) in his work "Naturalis historia". According to a legend, the French king Louis IX (1214-1270) is said to have taken it with him in 1248 during the 7th crusade. During the reign of Pope Clement V (1264-1314) in Avignon in Provence in southern France, production was increased to meet the strong demand at the papal court. The second Vin doux naturel in the region after Rasteau is made from the Muscat Blanc à Petits Grainsvariety. Fermentation is stopped by the addition of ethyl alcohol. The wine must have an alcohol content of at least 15% by volume and 110 g/l residual sugar. Well-known producers are the WG Vignerons de Beaumes-de-Venise (90% of production), Château Pesquié, Domaine de Durban, Domaine de la Mordorée and Domaine du Vieux Pigeonnier.