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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Unfortunately there is no information about Madiran AOC available.
Madiran AOC

Description to Madiran AOC

The red wine appellation is located in the south-west of the wine-growing region of south-west France, adjacent to the Armagnac brandy region. Madiran is one of the oldest wine-growing regions in France. It was already classified in 1948 under the AOC designation Vic-Bilh, at that time still jointly for red wines and white wines. Today, the white wines are produced under the AOC designation Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh. For a long time, the red wine produced here was considered the wine of the pilgrims who, from the 11th century onwards, travelled the famous pilgrimage route "Camino de Santiago" (Way of Santiago = St. James the Apostle) to Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain, and fortified themselves with it. The vineyards cover around 1,400 hectares of vines on soils of gravel and limestone interspersed with pebbles. They extend over the three departments of Gers (3 communes), Hautes-Pyrénées (6 communes, including Madiran) and Pyrénées-Atlantiques (28 communes). There is an oceanic climate with hot summers, dry sunny autumns and relatively mild winters.

Madiran - Weinberg und Flascvhe von Plaimont Producteurs

The main variety for wine is the autochthonous vine Tannat, which is said to have been brought from Bordeaux by monks. This yields a deep dark, tannin-rich and extremely long-lasting red wine with a raspberry aroma. Madiran is considered beneficial to health due to its high content of cyanidin and resveratrol with their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In the 1970s, the INAO reduced the minimum tannat percentage in favour of Cabernet Sauvignon, Bouchy (Cabernet Franc) and Pinenc (Fer) to mitigate the strong astringent taste. The prescribed minimum proportion is now 50%. However, there are still producers who press their Madiran purely from 100% Tannat

The aforementioned tannat reduction was rejected by some winegrowers at the time. The pioneer was the young winemaker Alain Brumont, who planted four fifths of his Château Montus with Tannat and introduced innovative new techniques. Many winemakers have followed suit and are experimenting with methods such as microoxigenation, which was invented here. Well-known producers are Castelnau-Rivière-Basse, Château d'Aydie, Domaine Barréjat, Domaine Barthoumieu, Château Bouscassé (Brumont), Domaine Brana, Domaine Capmartin, Domaine du Crampilh, Château de Crouseilles, Clos Fardet, Domaine Labranche-Laffont, Château Laffitte-Teston, Domaine Laffont, Domaine de Lanestousse, Chapelle Lenclos, Château Montus (Brumont), Château de Peyros, Primo Palatum and Domaine Sergent.

Parcels with old vines are monitored by the "Plaimont Producteurs" community under the name "Conservatoire ampélographique" - including in the Madiran area. See the section on the commune of Sarragachies (Gers department), where there is a very special vineyard in this respect.

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