DOC area for white wines and red wines in the Italian region of Campania. The area was classified as the second Italian DOC area in 1966. The area was classified as the second Italian DOC area in 1966. The zone includes all the municipalities on the island (Isola d'Ischia) northeast of Capri, which is part of the province of Naples. Wine-growing here has its origins in antiquity, when 700 BC the Greeks settled the island and planted the vines they brought with them. The Romans later called the island "Enia", which meant "land of wine". Wines from Ischia were already appreciated as "Greco wine" in the 16th century for their hygienic and therapeutic effects
The Bianco (also known as Superiore and Spumante) is blended from Forastera (45-70%), Biancolella (30-55%) and other authorised varieties (max. 15%). Rosso is produced from Piedirosso and Guarnaccia = Tintore di Tramonti (40-50% each), as well as other approved varieties (2max. 15%). The pure variety wines must contain at least 85% of the respective varieties, up to 15% other approved varieties can be used. These are the two white wines Biancolella and Forastera, and the red wine Piedirosso (or Per'e Palummo). If the grapes come from classified vineyards, Vigna can be indicated followed by the name of the vineyard.