Archipelago in the Ionian Sea off the west coast of Greece. The islands were settled in the 9th century B.C. by the tribe of the Ionians, who were warlike pushed off the mainland and gave their name to the islands (see also Attica). From 1386 to 1797, the islands were dominated by the city-state of Venice for more than four centuries; this Italian influence is still noticeable today. Due to the mild climate, the islands are very suitable for wine growing, there is also enough rain.