Area classified as Cru (peak appellation) in the northern section of the Rhône on the left bank, named after the mountain of the same name. Occasionally, the labels also mention the names Ermitage, l'Ermitage or l'Hermitage. It is located in the southern part of the section on the left bank of the Rhône. To the north, the Crozes-Hermitage section adjoins it. It is believed that the Phoenicians were already cultivating wine here in 400 BC. The Greek historian Strabo (63 B.C.-28 A.D.) reported that the banks of the Rhône were covered with vines and possibly meant exactly this area. The name Hermitage is derived from the hermitage of the Crusader Henri Gaspard de Sterimberg, who retreated to the hill of Tain in 1224 and founded a hermitage (Ermitage) to devote himself to prayer and viticulture.
The south-facing vineyards cover some 140 hectares of vineyards in the three communes of Crozes-Hermitage, Larnage and Tain-l`Hermitage in the department of Drôme. Despite its small size, the area is very diverse. In the highest, western part, the soil consists of granite and fine clay. The eastern, larger part of the slope consists in the middle of scree of sand and limestone. And the highest parts are covered with loess. Some particularly steep areas are protected from sliding by limestone walls. They are among the steepest vineyards in Europe. The climate is a mixture of continental and Mediterranean influence with sufficient rainfall compared to the Côte Rôtie and Cornas areas. Due to the different soil types, the area was divided into about 20 sites. The wines are mostly blended from several sites, but single site wines are also marketed with an indication on the label. The best known are Les Bessards, which is considered the best steep slope, and Les Greffieux, L'Hermite, Le Méal, Les Murets and Rocoule.
The red wine is one of the great crescents of France. The legendary "La Chapelle" vintage 1961 from Jaboulet-Aîné is one of the most expensive wines in the world (cuvéetiert every year from different sites). A Hermitage was one of the favourite wines of the writer Alexandre Dumas (1802-1879). The ruby red and extremely long-lasting red wine only develops its drinking maturity after a longer bottle aging of at least five to ten years. It is mainly made from the Syrah variety (here also Hermitage) and a maximum of 15% of the white wine varieties Marsanne and Roussanne. The white wine, also in the version Hermitage Vin de paille (straw wine) from dried grapes, is blended from Marsanne and/or Roussanne. The maximum permitted yield is 40 hl/ha. Well-known producers are Albert Belle, La Cave de Tain (winegrowers' cooperative), Chapoutier, Jean-Louis Chave, Domaine du Colombier, Bernard Faurie, Delas Frères, Philippe Desmeure, Faurie, Guigal, Jaboulet-Aîné, Domaine des Martinelles, Père et Fils, Domaine des Remizières, Marc Sorrel and Tardieu-Laurent.