DOC area for a wide range of red, rosé and white wines on the 223 km² Mediterranean island between Corsica and the Italian mainland to the east, with the main town Portoferraio. Elba belongs to the Italian region of Tuscany (province of Livorno). It was the first place of exile of the French Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) from 1814 to 1815. In ancient times, wine was of great economic importance here and Pliny the Elder (24-79) described the island as "rich in wines". Until the beginning of the 20th century, about a quarter of the cultivable land was still planted with vines. Today there are only about 200 hectares of vines.
The Bianco (also known as Spumante) is blended from Trebbiano Toscano (10-70%), Ansonica = Inzolia and/or Vermentino (10-70%), as well as other authorised varieties (max. 30%). The Bianco Passito is produced from Ansonica and/or Moscato = Muscat Blanc and/or Trebbiano Toscano and/or Vermentino (max. 70%), as well as other authorised varieties (max. 30%). The Rosato is blended from Sangiovese (60%) and other authorised varieties (max. 40%, of which max. 20% white). The Rosso (also as Riserva) consists of Sangiovese (max. 60%).
The single-varietal wines must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, i.e. Ansonica (also as Passito), Moscato Passito (this one 100%), Trebbiano or the variety Procanico, Sangiovese or Sangioveto (a rosé) and Vermentino. The white Vin Santo is produced like the Bianco. The rosé-coloured Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice is blended from Sangiovese (max. 60%) and other authorised varieties (max. 40%, of which max. 20% white).