DOC area for a wide range of red, rosé and white wines on the 223 km² Mediterranean island between Corsica and the Italian mainland to the east, with Portoferraio as its main town. Elba belongs to the Italian region of Tuscany (province of Livorno). It was the first place of exile of the French Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) from 1814 to 1815. In ancient times wine had great economic importance here and Pliny the Elder (24-79) described the island as "rich in wine". Until the beginning of the 20th century, about a quarter of the cultivable area was still planted with vines. Today there are only about 200 hectares of vines left
The Bianco (also known as Spumante) is blended from Trebbiano Toscano (10-70%), Ansonica = Inzolia and/or Vermentino (10-70%), as well as other authorised varieties (max. 30%). The Bianco Passito is produced from Ansonica and/or Moscato = Muscat Blanc and/or Trebbiano Toscano and/or Vermentino (70%), as well as other approved varieties (max. 30%). The Rosato is produced from Sangiovese (60%), as well as other approved varieties (max. 40%, of which max. 20% white). The Rosso (also as Riserva) consists of Sangiovese (zum. 60%)
The pure wines must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, that is Ansonica (also called Passito), Moscato Passito (this one 100%), Trebbiano or the variety Procanico, Sangiovese or Sangioveto (a rosé) and Vermentino. The white Vin Santo is produced like the Bianco. The rosé Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice is made from Sangiovese (60%) and other authorised varieties (max. 40%, of which max. 20% white).