Historic landscape in the centre of Spain, geographically known as Castilla-La Mancha (Castillo-La Mancha) and formerly as New Castile (Castilla la Nueva). At just under 80,000 square kilometers, the region is the third largest in Spain after Castile-León (Old Castile) to the north and southern Andalusia. La Mancha and the western region of Extremadura belong to the huge plateau landscape Meseta. La Mancha became famous mainly through the Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) and his famous novel "Don Quixote de la Mancha". In the weiutflächigen plain with the numerous typical windmills there are extreme climatic conditions with frosty winters up to under 20 °Celsius minus and hot very dry summers with frequently over 40 °Celsius. The Moorish name "Manxa" (parched land) describes this very aptly; in Spanish it means "the spot".
On average, there are more than eight hours of sunshine a day, for all 365 days of the year. Rainfall is very low, averaging between 300 and 400 mm a year. The soil is mostly reddish brown sand and loam with minor limestone islands. The stocking density in the vineyards is very low, with 2.5 metres between the vines, and the vines are trained very low to the ground so that each vine gets enough water due to the dryness. The peculiar checkerboard pattern of the vineyards is called Marco real. The vineyards in this vast area account for 450,000 hectares of vines, about half of Spain's total vineyard area, making it clearly the largest wine-growing area in the world by far.