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Colli Orientali del Friuli DOC
Description to Colli Orientali del Friuli DOC
DOC area (also Friuli Colli Orientali) for red wines and white wines in the Friuli Venezia Giulia region; near the border with Slovenia and Austria. The name means "eastern hills of Friuli". The DOC area Collio Goriziano in the province of Gorizia (Gorizia) adjoins to the south, the border being formed by the river Judrio. Both geologically similar areas once belonged to the Austrian Habsburg Empire. However, while Udine became Italian as early as 1866, Gorizia only became part of Italy after the First World War in the early 1920s. The zone covers the hilly area in the eastern part of the province of Udine with 14 municipalities grouped in a crescent shape around the city of Udine. These are Attimis, Buttrio, Faedis, Cividale, Corno di Rosazzo, Manzano, Nimis, Povoletto, Prepotto, Premariacco, San Pietro al Natisone, San Giovanni al Natisone, Tarcento and Torreano. It extends in the form of a long chain of hills on the edge of the Udine plain from Buttrio in the south to Tarcento in the north. The largely terraced vineyards cover around 2,100 hectares of vineyards on calcareous marl and sandstone soils at an altitude of 100 to 350 metres above sea level. They are protected from the cold northern winds by the Julian Pre-Alps, while the mild air from the Mediterranean creates a very favourable microclimate for viticulture.
The large area is structured into five subzones with three DOCG areas. The Cialla subzone covers an area north of the municipality of Prepotto. The two subzones Ribolla Gialla di Ros azzo and Pignolo di Ros azzo include parts of the municipalities of Corno di Rosazzo, Manzano and San Giovanni al Natisone in the province of Udine with the DOCG area of Rosazzo. The subzone Schioppettino di Prepotto comprises part of the municipality of Prepotto. The subzone Refosco di Faedis comprises parts of the municipalities of Attimis, Faedis, Nimis, Povoletto, Tarcento and Torreano with the DOCG areas of Ramandolo and Colli Orientali del Friuli Picolit.
The subzones can be indicated on the label after the DOC name for certain types of wine. For the subzones Ribolla Gialla di Rosazzo, Pignolo di Rosazzo, Schioppettino di Prepotto and Refosco di Faedis (Refosco Nostrano = Refosco di Faedis) there is only one wine with grape variety ja in the name. In the Cialla subzone, on the other hand, there are the wine types Bianco, Ribolla Gialla, Verduzzo Friulano, Rosso, Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso and Schioppettino. The designation may be used for wines with at least 24 months of ageing Riserva may be used. For the wines of the Cialla subzone this is at least 50 months, for the Schioppettino di Preppoto subzone 46 months and for the wine type or the Refosco di Faedis subzone 38 months.