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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Castelli Romani DOC

Description to Castelli Romani DOC

Area in the Albana hills southeast of Rome between the Via Casilina and the famous Via Appia Antica in the Italian region of Lazio. In the past, a castle used to stand on each of the hills, which then had to make way for the magnificent palaces of the cardinals and nobles in the Renaissance. The fertile soil of the hillsides has been used for centuries for wine growing. Today there are about 7,000 hectares of vineyards, which extend to the city limits of Rome (some vineyards are still within the administrative boundaries of the city). Three quarters of them are situated around the large, extinct volcano Tuscolano, whose craters in the lakes Albano and Nemi are still visible

The soil consists mainly of weathered basalt and volcanic clay rich in potassium and phosphorus. This vast area includes the DOC/DOCG zones of Cannelino di Frascati, Colli Albani, Colli Lanuvini, Frascati, Marino, Montecompatri-Colonna, Velletri and Castelli Romani. The predominant white wines are made mainly from different Malvasia and Trebbiano varieties with a percentage of autochthonous varieties

The DOC area Castelli Romani is valid for red wines, rosé wines and white wines. The zone includes in its entirety the municipalities of Albano Laziale, Ariccia, Castel Gandolfo, Ciampino, Colonna, Frascati, Genzano di Roma, Grottaferrata, Lanuvio, Lariano, Marino, Monte Porzio Catone, Nemi, Rocca di Papa, Rocca Priora, San Cesareo, Velletri and Zagarolo, as well as parts of Ardea, Artena, Montecompatri, Pomezia and Roma in the province of Roma, and parts of Cisterna di Latina and Aprilia in the province of Latina. If the grapes come from classified vineyards, Vigna followed by the name of the vineyard can be indicated on the bottle label

The Bianco is blended in any mixture of Malvasia Bianca di Candia, Malvasia Puntinata = Malvasia del Lazio, Trebbiano Giallo, Trebbiano Toscano, Trebbiano di Soave/Trebbiano Verde = Verdicchio Bianco (zum. 70%), and other authorised varieties (max. 30%)

The Rosso (also known as Novello) is produced in any blend of Sangiovese, Montepulciano, Cesanese, Merlot and Nero Buono di Cori (to 85%), as well as other authorised varieties (max. 15%). Rosato is produced from the same grape varieties, but white varieties can also be used. All wines are also produced as Frizzante in secco and amabile.

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