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Description to Campania

The region (Ital. Campania) with the capital Naples lies in the southwest of Italy along the Tyrrhenian coast near the "bootstrap". Only the regions of Apulia, Calabria and Sicily lie further south. It is one of the oldest wine-growing regions in Italy, with viticulture dating back to the Etruscans. Greek colonists founded colonies here and in neighbouring Calabria probably as early as 1,000 BC and called the area Oinotria (land of vines raised on stakes). Later, the Romans perfected viticulture here and called the area "Campania Felix" (happy land) because wine thrives here due to the alluvial and volcanic soil and the abundant sun.

Kampanien - Costa d’Amalfi

The best ancient wines of the Roman Empire came from the slopes of Mount Vesuvius, from Sorrento and the islands of Capri and Ischia. These were Caecuber, Falernese and Surrentine, of which the famous Roman authors Horace, Pliny and Virgil raved. The city of Pompeii, which was completely destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 BC, developed into a wine trading centre and was Rome's main supplier. As late as the 16th century, the wines from the Kingdom of Naples were still considered the best in Italy. With the fall of the "Kingdom of the Two Sicilies" in 1860, a decline began that is now slowly being made up for.

The vineyards cover around 25,600 hectares of vines. The vast majority is on the mainland, but there are also small areas on the islands of Capri and Ischia. The Mediterranean climate with the influence of the nearby sea, the sun-drenched slopes, the protective mountains as well as the volcanic soils offer an ideal basis for viticulture, especially in the provinces of Avellino and Benevento. The higher areas with hot dry summers and cold winters are particularly suitable for red wine varieties. Due to the poverty in this region, as well as devastation caused by earthquakes in the 1960s, this is not fully exploited. However, the region is gaining importance again due to new quality demands.

The wines are mostly produced from autochthonous vines; international varieties play only a subordinate role in the DOC regulations. Especially the Aglianico variety (with many locally different names) delivers full-bodied and colour-intensive red wines. Other red wine varieties are Aglianicone, Barbera, Casavecchia, Guarnaccia (Tintore di Tramonti), Olivella (Sciascinoso), Per'e Palummo (Piedirosso), Primitivo (Tribidrag) and Sangiovese. The most important white wine varieties are Asprinio (Greco), Biancazita (Ginestra), Biancolella, Caprettone, Coda di Volpe Bianca, Falanghina, Fenile, Fiano, Forastera, Greco B ianco, Malvasia Bianca di Candia, Moscato Bianco (Muscat Blanc), Ripolo, Trebbiano Toscano and Verdeca. The IGT (country wines) and DOC and DOCG (quality wines) areas, which account for only about 10% of production, are:

Picture: by Emphyrio on Pixabay

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