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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Wine regions in Bosnia and Herzegovina 2 growing regions

Description to Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in south-eastern Europe with its capital Sarajevo covers 51,197 km². Geographically, it consists of the region of Bosnia in the north (80% of the national territory) and the smaller region of Herzegovina in the south. The country borders Croatia to the north and west, Serbia to the east and Montenegro to the southeast. Furthermore, the state owns an approximately 25-kilometre-long coastal strip on the Adriatic Sea near Neum in the Neum Corridor. As a result of the war and the disintegration of Yugoslavia, Bosnia-Herzegovina became independent in 1992.

Bosnien-Herzegowina - Landkarte


Organised viticulture began under the rule of the Habsburg monarchy of Austria-Hungary towards the end of the 19th century. In 1886, the wine and fruit-growing office was founded in Gnojnice. The wines were very popular at the Viennese court, which is why these vineyards are still called "imperial vineyards" today. A temperate continental climate prevails with hot summers and dry cold winters. The vineyards cover 6,000 hectares of vines, from which about 50,000 hectolitres of wine are produced. They are located on the coast and north of Dubrovnik in Croatia mainly around the towns of Citluk, Caoljina, Stolac and Mostar. The dominant grape varieties in terms of volume are the two autochthonous ones Žilavka (white) and Blatina (red). Other important red wine varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon, Krkošija, Plavac Mali and Syrah.

The most famous area is Mostar (Engl. Old Bridge), which used to be the Islamic wine centre of Herzegovina. However, it was almost completely destroyed in the civil war of the 1990s. The most important wineries and producers are Hercegovina Vino, Podrum Andrija, Stolac, Vinarija Ljubuski and Vinarija Zadro. A well-known wine is "Kameno Vino", which comes from an artificially irrigated vineyard in the desert-like Neretwa Valley. The speciality "Samotok" is a light red wine pressed without pressing from the free-run must. The classification of the wines is done by sensory evaluations with a 20-point system and analytical tests. In the three-tier system, wines of geographical origin must score at least 14 points, quality wines of geographical origin at least 16 points and top qualities at least 18 points.

Map: © Goruma
Source 1st paragraph: WIKIPEDIA Bosnia-Herzegovina

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