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Alsace Grand Cru AOC

Description to Alsace Grand Cru AOC

Highest appellation in the French wine-growing region Alsace, which is one class above the normal AOC . The designation is "Alsace Grand Cru" followed by an indication of the location on the label. Although it was issued in 1975, the first list of 25 sites was not published until 1983. A new regulation came into force in 1992, when 50 sites in 47 municipalities were classified. The size varies considerably, ranging from 3.2 hectares at the Kanzlerberg to 80 hectares at the Schlossberg. An important prerequisite for the classification was or is above all the geological uniformity within a location.

Since this does not apply to the probably most famous Alsatian Lage Kaefferkopf, it was only considered from the 2007 vintage onwards after decades of discussions. A further prerequisite are wines from exclusively the Gewürztraminer, Muscat d'Alsace(Muscat Blanc), Pinot Gris (formerly Tokay Pinot Gris), Riesling and, as an exception, Sylvaner. With two exceptions, the wines must be pressed according to variety. In the Altenberg de Bergheim and Kaefferkopf sites, cuvées have also been permitted since the 2007 vintage. As a further exception, the Sylvaner variety has also been permitted in the Zotzenberg site since the 2005 vintage.

The plots must (since 2001) be planted with a minimum density of 4,500 vines per hectare. The basic maximum yield is 55 hl/ha, which can be increased by 20% annually, depending on the weather, to a maximum of 66 hl/ha. Mechanical harvesting is prohibited, it must be done by hand. The wines must have a minimum alcohol content of between 11 and 14% vol. The wines can also be vinified as "Vendange Tardive" (late harvest) or "Sélection de Grains Nobles" (from noble rotten grapes).

The vineyards of all Grands Crus cover a total of around 1,700 hectares of vines. The production volume of Grand Cru wines is only 4% of Alsace. The most famous producers are listed in each of the Grands Crus, including Dirler-Cadé, Hugel et Fils, Kuentz-Bas, Domaines Schlumberger and Trimbach. The Alsace is divided administratively into two départements. These are the southern Haut-Rhin (Upper Rhine), which is considered a better wine region, and the northern Bas-Rhin (Lower Rhine). The 51 Grands Crus are:

GRAND CRU

HA

VINEYARD(N)

COMMUNITY(IES)

DEP

Altenberg de Bergbieten 29 Riesling, GT, PG, Mu Mountain offers BR
Altenberg de Bergheim 35 GT, Riesling, Cuvée Bergheim HR
Altenberg de Wolxheim 32 Riesling, GT Wolxheim BR
Brand 58 GT, Muscat, Riesling Turckheim HR
Bruderthal 18 Riesling, GT, PG, Mu Molsheim BR
Eichberg 58 Riesling, GT, PG Eguisheim HR
15 GT, Riesling, PG, Mu Dahlenheim, Scharrachbergheim BR
Florimont 21 GT, Riesling, Mu, PG Ingersheim, Katzenthal HR
Frankstone 56 Riesling, GT Dambach-la-Ville BR
Froehn 15 GT, PG, Muscat Cell Mountain HR
Principality 31 Riesling, GT, PG Kientzheim, Sigolsheim HR
Geisberg 8 Riesling Ribeauvillé HR
Gloeckelberg 23 Pinot Gris, GT Rodern, Saint Hippolyte HR
Goldert 45 GT, Mu, PG, Riesling Gueberschwihr HR
Hatschbourg 47 GT, PG, Riesling, Mu Hattstadt, Voegtlinshoffen HR
Stallion 78 GT, Mu, PB, Riesling Wintzenheim HR
Kaefferkopf 72 GT, PB, PG, Rie, Cuvée Ammershwihr HR
Kanzlerberg 3,2 PG, GT, Riesling Bergheim HR
Kastelberg 6 Riesling, GT, PG Andlau BR
Kessler 29 GT, PG, Riesling Guebwiller HR
Kirchberg de Barr 41 GT, Riesling, PG Barr BR
Kirchberg de Ribeauvillé 11 Riesling, Mu, GT, PG Riebauvillé HR
Kitterlé 26 Riesling, GT, PG Guebwiller HR
Mambourg 62 GT, PG, Mu, Riesling Sigolsheim HR
Mandelberg 22 GT, Riesling, PG, Mu Beblenheim, Mittelwihr HR
Marckrain 54 Gewürztraminer, PG Bennwihr, Sigolsheim HR
Moenchberg 12 Riesling, PG Andlau, Eichhoffen BR
Muenchberg 18 Riesling Emergency stop BR
Ollwiller 36 Riesling, GT Wuenheim HR
Osterberg 25 Riesling, GT, PG Ribeauvillé HR
Pfersigberg (peach mountain) 75 GT, PG, Riesling, Mu Eguisheim, Wettolsheim HR
Pfingstberg 28 GT, Riesling, PG, Mu Orschwihr HR
Praelatenberg 19 Riesling, PG, GT, Mu Kintzheim, Orschwiller BR
Ranges 19 Riesling, PG, GT Thann, Vieux-Thann HR
Rosacker 26 GT, Riesling Hunawihr HR
Saering 27 Riesling, Mu, GT, PG Guebwiller HR
Castle Hill 80 Riesling, PG, GT, Mu Kientzheim, Kaysersberg HR
Schoenenbourg 53 Riesling, Muscat, PG Riquewihr, Zellenberg HR
Summer Mountain 29 Riesling, GT, Mu, PG Katzenthal, Low Morning Swie HR
Sunshine 33 Pinot Gris, GT Beblenheim HR
Mirror 18 GT, PG, Riesling, Mu Bergholtz, Guebwiller HR
Spores 24 GT, Pinot Gris Riquewihr HR
Steinert 39 GT, PG, Riesling Pfaffenheim, Westhalten HR
Stone grubber 23 Riesling, GT Wettolsheim HR
Stone block 41 PG, Riesling, GT Marlenheim BR
Vorbourg 73 Riesling, GT, PG, Mu Rouffach, Westhalten HR
Wiebelsberg 13 Riesling Andlau BR
Wineck-Schlossberg 27 Riesling, GT Ammershvihr, Katzenthal HR
Winzenberg 19 Riesling, GT, PG Blienschwiller BR
Pewterhead 69 GT, PG, Riesling Soultzmatt, Westhalten HR
Zotzenberg 37 GT, Riesling, PG, Syl Mittelbergheim BR

Alscae Grand Cru - Karte Elsass und Karte mit den Grands Crus

Picture left: From Domenico-de-ga, CC BY-SA 3.0, link
Picture right: From DalGobboM¿!i? - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link
edited by Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer - January 2019

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