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Comprehensive description of all European growing areas, their grape varieties, traditions and legal rules with maps.

Alsace Grand Cru AOC

Description to Alsace Grand Cru AOC

Highest appellation in the French wine-growing region of Alsace, which is one class above the normal AOC Alsace. The designation is "Alsace Grand Cru" followed by an indication of the site on the label. Although it was enacted as early as 1975, the first list of then 25 sites was not published until 1983. In 1992, a new regulation came into force, at that time 50 sites in 47 communes were classified. The size varies considerably, ranging from 3.2 at the Kanzlerberg to 80 hectares at the Schlossberg. An important prerequisite for the classification was, or is, above all the geological uniformity within a site. Since this does not apply to Kaefferkopf, probably the most famous vineyard in Alsace, it was only taken into account from the 2007 vintage onwards after decades of discussion.

Another prerequisite is wines made exclusively from the grape varieties Gewürztraminer, Muscat d'Alsace (Muscat Blanc), Pinot Gris (formerly Tokay Pinot Gris), Riesling and, as an exception, Sylvaner. With two exceptions, the wines must be vinified as single varietals. In the Altenberg de Bergheim and Kaefferkopf sites, cuvées have also been permitted since the 2007 vintage. As a further exception, the Sylvaner variety has also been permitted in the Zotzenberg site since the 2005 vintage.

The plots must (since the 2001 vintage) be planted with a minimum density of 4,500 vines per hectare. The basic maximum yield is 55 hl/ha, which can be increased annually by 20% to a maximum of 66 hl/ha, depending on the weather. Mechanical harvesting is prohibited, it must be done by hand. Depending on the grape variety and site, the wines must have a minimum alcohol content of between 11 and 14% vol. The wines can also be vinified as "Vendange Tardive" (late harvest) or "Sélection de Grains Nobles" (from noble rotten grapes). The vineyards of all Grands Crus cover a total of around 1,700 hectares of vines; the production volume is only 4% of Alsace. The best-known producers are listed with the Grands Crus, including Boxler Albert, Dirler-Cadé, Hugel et Fils, Kuentz-Bas, Domaines Schlumberger and Trimbach. Alsace is divided administratively into two départements. These are the southern Haut-Rhin (Upper Rhine), considered a better wine region, and the northern Bas-Rhin (Lower Rhine). The 51 Grands Crus are:

GRAND CRU

HA

REPORT(N)

COMMUNITY(N)

DEP

Altenberg de Bergbieten 29 Riesling, GT, PG, Mu Bergbieten BR
Altenberg de Bergheim 35 GT, Riesling, Cuvée Bergheim HR
Altenberg de Wolxheim 32 Riesling, GT Wolxheim BR
Brand 58 GT, Muscat, Riesling Turckheim HR
Bruderthal 18 Riesling, GT, PG, Mu Molsheim BR
Eichberg 58 Riesling, GT, PG Eguisheim HR
Engelberg 15 GT, Riesling, PG, Mu Dahlenheim, Scharrachbergheim BR
Florimont 21 GT, Riesling, Mu, PG Ingersheim, Katzenthal HR
Frankstein 56 Riesling, GT Dambach-la-Ville BR
Froehn 15 GT, PG, Muscat Cell Mountain HR
Furstentum 31 Riesling, GT, PG Kientzheim, Sigolsheim HR
Geisberg 8 Riesling Ribeauvillé HR
Gloeckelberg 23 Pinot Gris, GT Rodern, Saint Hippolyte HR
Goldert 45 GT, Mu, PG, Riesling Gueberschwihr HR
Hatschbourg 47 GT, PG, Riesling, Mu Hattstadt, Voegtlinshoffen HR
Stallion 78 GT, Mu, PB, Riesling Wintzenheim HR
Kaefferkopf 72 GT, PB, PG, Rie, Cuvée Ammerschwihr HR
Kanzlerberg 3,2 PG, GT, Riesling Bergheim HR
Kastelberg 6 Riesling, GT, PG Andlau BR
Kessler 29 GT, PG, Riesling Guebwiller HR
Kirchberg de Barr 41 GT, Riesling, PG Barr BR
Kirchberg de Ribeauvillé 11 Riesling, Mu, GT, PG Riebauvillé HR
Kitterlé 26 Riesling, GT, PG Guebwiller HR
Mambourg 62 GT, PG, Mu, Riesling Sigolsheim HR
Mandelberg 22 GT, Riesling, PG, Mu Beblenheim, Mittelwihr HR
Marckrain 54 Gewürztraminer, PG Bennwihr, Sigolsheim HR
Moenchberg 12 Riesling, PG Andlau, Eichhoffen BR
Muenchberg 18 Riesling Nothalten BR
Ollwiller 36 Riesling, GT Wuenheim HR
Osterberg 25 Riesling, GT, PG Ribeauvillé HR
Pfersigberg (Pfirsigberg) 75 GT, PG, Riesling, Mu Eguisheim, Wettolsheim HR
Pfingstberg 28 GT, Riesling, PG, Mu Orschwihr HR
Praelatenberg 19 Riesling, PG, GT, Mu Kintzheim, Orschwiller BR
Rangen 19 Riesling, PG, GT Thann, Vieux-Thann HR
Rosacker 26 GT, Riesling Hunawihr HR
Saering 27 Riesling, Mu, GT, PG Guebwiller HR
Schlossberg 80 Riesling, PG, GT, Mu Kientzheim, Kaysersberg HR
Schoenenbourg 53 Riesling, Muscat, PG Riquewihr, Cellar Hill HR
Sommerberg 29 Riesling, GT, Mu, PG Katzenthal, Niedermorschwihr HR
Sonnenglanz 33 Pinot Gris, GT Beblenheim HR
Spiegel 18 GT, PG, Riesling, Mu Bergholtz, Guebwiller HR
Spurs 24 GT, Pinot Gris Riquewihr HR
Steinert 39 GT, PG, Riesling Pfaffenheim, Westhalten HR
Steingrubler 23 Riesling, GT Wettolsheim HR
Steinklotz 41 PG, Riesling, GT Marlenheim BR
Vorbourg 73 Riesling, GT, PG, Mu Rouffach, Westhalten HR
Wiebelsberg 13 Riesling Andlau BR
Wineck-Schlossberg 27 Riesling, GT Ammerschwihr, Katzenthal HR
Winzenberg 19 Riesling, GT, PG Blienschwiller BR
Zinnkoepflé 69 GT, PG, Riesling Soultzmatt, Westhalten HR
Zotzenberg 37 GT, Riesling, PG, Syl Mittelbergheim BR

Alscae Grand Cru - Karte Elsass und Karte mit den Grands Crus

Picture on the left: By Domenico-de-ga, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
Picture right: By DalGobboM¿!i? - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link
edited by Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer - January 2019

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