currently 158,981 Wines and 24,645 Producers, including 2,773 classified producers.
The winery is located in the municipality of Greve in the heart of the Chianti region (province of Florence) in the Italian region of Tuscany. The name (beautiful oak) derives from the oak forests that grow lushly here, which also provide protection from cross-contamination by conventional farms. The winery was founded in 1974 by industrialist Giuseppe (Pepito) Castiglioni through the purchase of a vineyard with one hectare of vines. He set himself the goal of producing top wines "that could stand alongside the best in the world". In 1988, his son Sebastiano Cossia Castiglioni changed the cultivation first to certified organic and in 2000 to biodynamic viticulture with no use of pesticides (such as herbicides and fungicides) or other synthetic chemicals. As no animal products are used during the production cycle from vineyard to bottle, the wines are certified vegan.
The vineyards cover 69 hectares in the Chianti Classico area in the municipalities of Greve, Radda and Gaiole, and 32 hectares in Maremma on the Etruscan coast. The white wine varieties Chardonnay and Pinot Bianco (Pinot Blanc), as well as the red wine varieties Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are cultivated and processed. Only physiologically ripe and undamaged grapes are processed through selective manual harvesting. Vinification takes place in four cellars. Long maceration and maturation times in concrete tanks, wooden bar rels or French barriques, depending on the type of wine, and then in the bottle result in extremely long-lived wines. The product range includes various wines DOCG Chianti-Classico (vintage and Riserva), DOC Maremma Toscana and IGT Toscana (Batàr, Camartina, Palafreno, Turpino).