The winery is located in Malpica de Tajo 50 kilometres from the city of Toledo in the Spanish region of La Mancha. It is named after the aristocratic previous owner of the same name, whose civil name is Carlos Falcó y Fernández de Córdova (1937-2020). Some of the vineyards have been in the family since 1292. In 1974, the Marqués began to cultivate vines in the extremely dry area using the most modern methods and planted the French varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Petit Verdot and Syrah, which were not yet permitted at the time. The two famous French oenologists Michel Rolland (*1947) and Émile Peynaud (1912-2004) acted as advisors. The vineyards were pretty much the first in Europe with artificial irrigation (drip irrigation ) in the mid-1970s. The Australian viticulturalist Dr. Richard Smart (*1945) introduced a canopy management system designed by him. In 1989, a newly built underground cellar was put into operation.
The total estate of the "Finca Casadevacas" comprises 1,400 hectares, but the vineyards only account for 52 hectares of this. The winery used to be granted a special regulation. The table wines were allowed to bear the designation "Vino de Mesa de Toledo" with vintage, although there is no DO area called Toledo. This is now obsolete, because in 2003 the single vineyard Dominio de Valdepusa was classified as the highest Spanish wine quality level Vino de Pago. The wines have been produced under this designation ever since. The top product is the red wine cuvée "Eméritus" (Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Petit Verdot), which became a cult wine. Since the wines were given the highest rating by wine critic Robert Parker in 1995, the Marqués has been considered a living legend. For some time now, the Berberana winery has owned shares.
Activities were extended to other Spanish areas from the end of the 1980s. The beginning was made in the Rueda area (Castile-León). Since 1994, there has also been a winery in Ollauri in the Rioja sub-area of Rioja Alta. The vineyards there cover 15 hectares of vines. Rioja wines are produced here in a joint venture with the two wineries Berberana and Lagunilla. Finally, 20 hectares of vineyards were acquired in the Duero Valley in 2000 and wines are produced there in the Ribera del Duero area (Castile-León) under the name Bodegas Durius. The property also includes the Marqués de Griñón vineyard in the Mendoza region of Argentina. Since 1994, there has been a joint venture with the wine multinational "Arco Bodegas Unidas", which is significantly involved. The Marqués de Griñón is still active in a managerial position.
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