The winery's headquarters are located in the port city of Marsala in the province of Trapani on the west coast of Sicily. The origins date back to 1851, when the Rallo family entered the winegrowing business. The current winery was founded in 1983 by the fourth generation of the family, Giacomo and Gabriella Rallo. It was in the vineyards of the Contessa Entellina area that the writer Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa (1896-1957) set some excerpts of his famous novel "Il Gattopardo" (The Leopard). It then became famous through the film adaptation of the material with Hollywood star Burt Lancaster in the leading role. The name was given by Queen Maria Carolina of Habsburg-Lorraine (Donnafugata = fleeing woman), who fled from Naples to escape the Napoleonic army. The vineyard emblem is a woman's head representing the queen with waving long hair. This motif can also be found on the labels designed by Gabriella Rallo (see also under artist label).
There are several estates or wineries. The vineyards cover a total of 405 hectares of vines. Of these, 283 hectares are located in the Contessa Entellina area at an altitude of 300 to 600 meters above sea level, mostly in the municipalities of Contessa Entellina, Sambuca di Sicilia and Santa Margherita Belìce. The other areas are on the island of Pantelleria (68 hectares), in the Vittoria area (36 hectares) and in the Etna area (18 hectares). The white wine varieties cultivated are Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier, Petit Manseng, Müller-Thurgau, Ansonica (Inzolia), Lucido (Catarratto Bianco), Damaschino, Fiano, Carricante, Grillo, Grecanico Bianco (Garganega) and Zibibbo (Muscat d'Alexandrie), and the red wine varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Nero d'Avola, Perricone, Syrah, Tannat, Frappato and Nerello Mascalese. The harvest of the Chardonnay grapes for the DOC white wine Sicilia "La Fuga" is done at night under spotlights to preserve the aroma through the cool temperature. This method is said to have been practiced by the Elimi people as early as the 4th century BC. The Zibibo variety cultivated on Pantelleria is partly made up of vines that are over 100 years old and have no roots.
In the Contessa Entellina area, an experimental vineyard has been planted on half a hectare in collaboration with the Region of Sicily, with 19 different autochthonous varieties of different clones. These are grape varieties widely grown in Sicily, such as Nero d'Avola, Catarratto Bianco and Ansonica, but also very rare ones threatened with extinction, such as Alzano, Nocera, Vitrarolo and others. In collaboration with farms in different areas of Sicily, the grape varieties are tested and by means of microvinification it is determined which varieties produce the best oenological results in which areas.
The environmentally friendly cultivation is carried out according to the rules of GAP (Good Agriculture Practice) and Integrated Pest Management with the renunciation of herbicides and chemical fertilizers with green man uring instead. A reduced use of plant protection products is possible by monitoring climatic parameters (precipitation, temperature, humidity, etc.) and controlling the presence of insects (meal moth) through the use of pheromones. A quality-enhancing measure is yield reduction by thinning. An important contribution to sustainability is made by the production of clean energy from renewable sources with the photovoltaic systems, which allow a reduction in CO2 emissions. The Donnafugata farm is certified in accordance with the requirements of the EMAS environmental management system developed by the EU.
The extensive product range includes over 20 different wines, including sparkling wines (spumante). Depending on the type of wine, they are aged in stainless steel tanks, in concrete barrels or in wooden barrels (tonneau and barrique). These are the DOC wines Contessa Entellina, Etna, Sicilia, Vittoria and Pantelleria, the DOCG wine Cerasuolo di Vittoria as well as IGT wines (country wines). The flagship of the house (cru wine) is the DOC white wine cuvee Sicilia "Vigna di Gabri" (Ansonica, Lucido, Chardonnay, Viognier, Sauvignon Blanc). Other top products are the DOC white wine Sicilia "Anthìlia" (Lucido) - the most popular wine of the winery worldwide, the DOC white wine Contessa Entellina "Chiarandà" (Chardonnay), the DOC red wine Sicilia "Mille e una notte" (Thousand and one night, Nero d'Avola), the Etna DOC red wine "Fragore" (Nerello Mascalese), the DOCG red wine "Floramundi" (Nero d'Avola, Frappato) and the Passito DOC white wine Pantelleria "Ben Ryé" (Zibibo). Grappa and olive oil are also produced.
Contessa Entellina: F. Gambina
Map and label: Donnafugata
|2017||Vins extremes 2017 July||MOSCATO DI PANTELLERIA DOC “KABIR” 2016||Gold|
|2019||Mondial des vins extremes 2019||MOSCATO DI PANTELLERIA DOC KHABIR - 2018||Gold|
|2020||Mondial des Vins Extrêmes||MOSCATO DI PANTELLERIA DOC KABIR 2019||Gold|